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Ethical Considerations of Randomized Controlled Trials

Phyllis Solomon, Mary M. Cavanaugh, and Jeffrey Draine

in Randomized Controlled Trials: Design and Implementation for Community-Based Psychosocial Interventions

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195333190
eISBN:
9780199864317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195333190.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The intention of Chapter 2 is not to review general research ethics, but rather to examine ethical issues particularly relevant to RCTs. The ethical justification for RCTs from both the perspectives ... More


Predicting ‘It will work for us’: (Way) beyond statistics

Nancy Cartwright

in Causality in the Sciences

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199574131
eISBN:
9780191728921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199574131.003.0035
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

A great deal of attention in evidence‐based policy and practice is directed to statistical studies–especially randomized controlled trials–that support causal conclusions, which this chapter dubs ... More


Interpreting Epidemiologic Evidence and Causal Inference in Obesity Research

Frank B. Hu

in Obesity Epidemiology

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195312911
eISBN:
9780199865260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195312911.003.0004
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses key conceptual issues related to interpretation of epidemiologic evidence and inferences of causation in obesity research. It begins by discussing the role of randomized ... More


Epidemiological Issues in the Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Nancy S. Padian and Stephen C. Shiboski

in Quantitative Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300087512
eISBN:
9780300128222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300087512.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

This chapter discusses epidemiological methods in the development of HIV prevention programs. It first considers the importance of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in influencing policy makers. It ... More


Randomised controlled trials

Peter John

in Evidence-Based Policy Making in the Social Sciences: Methods That Matter

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781447329367
eISBN:
9781447329480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329367.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The author reflects on the growing use of and acclaim for RCTs as a method for policy discovery. The chapter outlines the social science thinking behind the tool, provide some examples of its use and ... More


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