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Thomas Schelling and His Signature Course on Strategic Thinking

ROBERT V. DODGE

in Schelling's Game Theory: How to Make Decisions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199857203
eISBN:
9780199932597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199857203.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Behavioural Economics

This chapter presents a brief summary of Schelling's career with tributes, taking him from NATO, to Washington and then the beginning of his academic career at Yale. From Yale he headed to the RAND ... More


From “Military Worth” to Mathematical Programming

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

It is well known that in the immediate postwar period game theory was closely associated with (and substantially dependent upon) military patronage from organizations like the RAND Corporation or the ... More


The Brain and the Bomb

Paul Erickson

in The World the Game theorists Made

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226097039
eISBN:
9780226097206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226097206.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Game theory’s creators had suggested that the theory might serve as a positive, predictive depiction of human behavior, to be corroborated by experiment and experience. This was certainly how the ... More


Just Deserts: A Game Theory of the Japanese American Internment

Tara Fickle

in The Race Card: From Gaming Technologies to Model Minorities

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781479868551
eISBN:
9781479805686
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9781479868551.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter argues that the lay understanding of games as fair and unbiased allowed World War II military officials to invoke game theory to resolve the thorny contradictions of imprisoning American ... More


Punitive Preventive Justice: A Critique

Bernard E Harcourt

in Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199656769
eISBN:
9780191748073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656769.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter identifies the origins of contemporary preventive endeavour in the work of the RAND Corporation in America, which developed highly technical studies of crime prevention based upon ... More


Moral Hazard in Health Insurance: Developments Since Arrow (1963)

Amy Finkelstein

in Moral Hazard in Health Insurance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231163804
eISBN:
9780231538688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231163804.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Business Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

This chapter examines economics professor Amy Finkelstein's lecture of the economics of moral hazard in health insurance, with respect to economist Kenneth J. Arrow's “Uncertainty and the Welfare ... More


Cybernetic Cities

Rosemary Wakeman

in Practicing Utopia: An Intellectual History of the New Town Movement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780226346038
eISBN:
9780226346175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226346175.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Chapter Four interprets the second wave of new towns in the 1960s and 1970s as cybernetic cities. It examines how cybernetics and systems analysis were incorporated into new town planning on both ... More


“The Situation” in the Cold War Behavioral Sciences

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Cold War social scientists frequently adopted special experimental situations where they could scientifically model and code many aspects of human behavior, aiming to unravel the mysteries and smooth ... More


World in a Matrix

Paul Erickson, Judy L. Klein, Lorraine Daston, Paul Rebecca, Thomas Sturm, and Michael D. Gordin

in How Reason Almost Lost Its Mind: The Strange Career of Cold War Rationality

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226046631
eISBN:
9780226046778
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226046778.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

During the postwar era, discussions of conflict and cooperation, altruism and self-interest, war and peace returned consistently to the mathematical idiom of game theory. The famed “prisoner's ... More


An Incubator of Change: The RAND Corporation

in The Roots, Rituals, and Rhetorics of Change: North American Business Schools After the Second World War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804776165
eISBN:
9780804778916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804776165.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter examines the role of the RAND Corporation in shaping the directions and leaders of the reform of business schools in North America in the 1950s. It discusses the creed of RAND and ... More


Gamification

Patrick Jagoda

in Experimental Games: Critique, Play, and Design in the Age of Gamification

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780226629834
eISBN:
9780226630038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226630038.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter offers an overview of gamification as a historical paradigm that brings games to the forefront of social, political, economic, and aesthetic thought. Though the term gamification, and ... More


The Future: RAND, Brand and Dangerous to Know

John Beck

in Cold War Legacies: Systems, Theory, Aesthetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781474409483
eISBN:
9781474426954
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474409483.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

The interdisciplinary field of futures research is now at the heart of policy-making and business strategy, but the serious study of the future has its roots in Cold War strategy, led by Hermann Kahn ... More


The Medium Is the Message, or How Context Matters: The Rand Corporation Builds an Economics of Innovation, 1946–1962

David A. Hounshell

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter documents and analyzes the development within RAND of a body of pioneering literature in what has come to be known as the economics of technical change. Although undertaken in the 1950s ... More


Out of the Blue Yonder: The Transfer of Systems Thinking from the Pentagon to the Great Society, 1961–1965

David R. Jardini

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The present chapter explores RAND’s development of analytical management techniques for military purposes and the diffusion of these methodologies from the military context into broader social ... More


RAND, IIASA, and the Conduct of Systems Analysis

Roger E. Levien

in Systems, Experts, and Computers: The Systems Approach in Management and Engineering, World War II and After

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262082853
eISBN:
9780262275873
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262082853.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter features a description of RAND’s development and the lessons of its experience during its first twenty-five years. Afterward, the discussion shifts to the IIASA, covering its ... More


School Choice and Choice Schools: Resisting, Realizing, or Replacing Brown?

Martha Minow

in In Brown's Wake: Legacies of America's Educational Landmark

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195171525
eISBN:
9780197565643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195171525.003.0009
Subject:
Education, History of Education

To school desegregation activists in the 1960s, school choice plans represented one of a series of tactics of avoidance or obstruction. Yet choice programs became part of school desegregation ... More


The Neoclassical Economics of Information Was Incubated at Cowles

Philip Mirowski and Edward Nik-Khah

in The Knowledge We Have Lost in Information: The History of Information in Modern Economics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190270056
eISBN:
9780190270087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190270056.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

One of the most important contributions of the Cowles Commission in the period 1944 to 1954 was to jump-start the formalization of the orthodox approach to the economics of information. The tension ... More


The Future as Social Technology. Prediction and the Rise of Futurology

Jenny Andersson

in The Future of the World: Futurology, Futurists, and the Struggle for the Post Cold War Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780198814337
eISBN:
9780191851919
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814337.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

Chapter 5 examines the experiments at RAND with a new future science, a “general theory of the future” capable of explaining human behavior and developments in the world system. The chapter also ... More


A New Intelligence Chief

Loch K. Johnson

in The Threat on the Horizon: An Inside Account of America's Search for Security after the Cold War

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2015
ISBN:
9780199737178
eISBN:
9780190252458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199737178.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, American Politics

This chapter focuses on President Bill Clinton's appointment of John Mark Deutch as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). It begins with an overview of Deutch's credentials, followed by ... More


The Politics of Peace

Petra Goedde

in The Politics of Peace: A Global Cold War History

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780195370836
eISBN:
9780190936136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195370836.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

The last chapter examines the migration of a politics of peace from the margins to the centers of political power. As leading antinuclear and peace advocates became increasingly marginalized by the ... More


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