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Inclusive Fitness and Hamilton’s Rule

James A.R. Marshall

in Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines how the logic of inclusive fitness theory can be mathematically formalized using the Price equation, and how that formalization can be used to derive Hamilton's rule in its ... More


Existence and the Mathematics of Selection: The Adaptive Landscape versus the Fundamental Theorem

John O. Reiss

in Not by Design: Retiring Darwin's Watchmaker

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520258938
eISBN:
9780520944404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520258938.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Darwin's separation between adaptedness and existence entered into modern evolutionary theory at its root, in the population genetics work of Sewall Wright and J. B. S. Haldane. This chapter shows ... More


Wright’s Adaptive Landscape, Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem

Samir Okasha

in Agents and Goals in Evolution

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

Fitness maximization, or optimization, is a controversial idea in evolutionary biology. One classical formulation of this idea is that natural selection will tend to push a population up a peak in an ... More


Deductivism

Colin Howson

in Hume's Problem: Induction and the Justification of Belief

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250371
eISBN:
9780191597749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250371.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Discusses the view, often called Deductivism, put forward independently by the philosopher Karl Popper and the statistician and geneticist R. A. Fisher, that deductive logic suffices to tell us which ... More


The lady who tasted tea—a bit of statistical history

Steve Selvin

in The Joy of Statistics: A Treasury of Elementary Statistical Tools and their Applications

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198833444
eISBN:
9780191872280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198833444.003.0005
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Applied Mathematics

A story of a summer afternoon experiment to test a woman’s ability to taste the difference between tea added to milk or milk added to tea leading to the first use of statistical inference resulting ... More


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