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Women in the Qur'an, Traditions, and Interpretation

Barbara Freyer Stowasser

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195111484
eISBN:
9780199853397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111484.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Islamic ideas about women and their role in society spark considerable debate both in the Western world and in the Islamic world itself. Despite the popular attention surrounding Middle Eastern ... More


Islamic Political Thought: An Introduction

Gerhard Bowering (ed.)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164823
eISBN:
9781400866427
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164823.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

In sixteen concise chapters on key topics, this book provides a rich, authoritative, and up-to-date introduction to Islamic political thought from the birth of Islam to today, presenting essential ... More


Terrified: How Anti-Muslim Fringe Organizations Became Mainstream

Christopher A. Bail

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691159423
eISBN:
9781400852628
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691159423.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

In July 2010, Terry Jones, the pastor of a small fundamentalist church in Florida, announced plans to burn two hundred Qur'ans on the anniversary of the September 11 attacks. Though he ended up ... More


A Prophet Emerging: Fetal Narratives in Islamic Literature

Daniel C. Peterson

in Imagining the Fetus: The Unborn in Myth, Religion, and Culture

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195380040
eISBN:
9780199869077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195380040.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society, World Religions

Stories about the antemortal existence, conception, gestation, and birth of the Prophet Muhammad, absent from the Qur’an, began to circulate in the decades after his death. They served a political ... More


 Muslim Koranic Fundamentalism

Solomon Schimmel

in The Tenacity of Unreasonable Beliefs: Fundamentalism and the Fear of Truth

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195188264
eISBN:
9780199870509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195188264.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter examines the Islamic belief that the Koran (Qur'an) was authored by Allah and revealed to Muhammad via the angel Gabriel, and dissects the alleged ‘proofs’ for Koranic divinity. The ... More


Early Islamic History: Parallels and Problems

CHASE F. ROBINSON

in Understanding the History of Ancient Israel

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264010
eISBN:
9780191734946
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264010.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In early 2004, a book called ‘Crossroads to Islam’ was written by Yehuda Nevo, an amateur archaeologist, and J. Koren, his research assistant. Early Islamic history shares not only some geography ... More


Law and Order

John C. Wilkinson

in Ibâḍism: Origins and Early Development in Oman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199588268
eISBN:
9780191595400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588268.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter describes the establishment of the new Imamate state order, and in particular the role of Abû 'Abdullah, son of the last Basran leader, Abu Sufyân. The confrontation with the ... More


Kunnā nakrahu al-kitāb: Scripture, Transmission of Knowledge, and Politics in the Second Century AH (719–816 CE)

Pavel Pavlovitch

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Pavel Pavlovitch shows how the sense of a genuinely early saying might change as the concerns of Muslims changed over time. The example is a saying from Ibn Shihāb al-Zuhrī (d. 124/742?). It ... More


The History of the Adhān: a View from the Hadith Literature

Maroussia Bednarkiewicz

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Qurʾan itself refers to a call to prayer (although using another term, nidāʾ, not adhān) without laying down a form. Several stories are told of how the call to prayer was originally formulated. ... More


Hadith Criticism between Traditionists and Jurisprudents

Mutaz Al-Khatib

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Mutaz al-Khatib compares and contrasts hadith criticism as practised by traditionists, specialists in hadith, and jurisprudents, specialists in inferring the law from revelation. Ninth-century hadith ... More


The Reception and Representation of Western Hadith Studies in Turkish Academe

Fatma Kızıl

in Modern Hadith Studies: Continuing Debates and New Approaches

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474441797
eISBN:
9781474491228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474441797.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Turkish Republic has recently become another major centre of hadith scholarship. Fatma Kızıl identifies two pioneers as Mehmed Said Hatiboğlu, relatively friendly toward Ignaz Goldziher’s ... More


The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection

Jane Idleman Smith and Yvonne Haddad

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156492
eISBN:
9780199834662
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156498.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Islamic concepts of life after death, reward and punishment, human decision, and divine judgment have always held a certain fascination for Western readers. Recent world events have served only to ... More


The Framework of Islamic Rhetoric: The Ritual of the KhuṬba and its Origin

Jan Retsö

in Muslim Preaching in the Middle East and Beyond: Historical and Contemporary Case Studies

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9781474467476
eISBN:
9781474491204
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467476.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The Friday sermon in the mosque (which is not explicitly referred to in the Qur’an) has a structure that has been practiced at least since the beginning of the 8th century. Several scholars have ... More


Early Islamic Historical Writing

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

The investigation enters a new phase, that of vetting Islamic sources. The Qur'an is shown to be an important historical source for the biography of the Prophet and the evolution of the umma (Muslim ... More


The Life of the Prophet

James Howard‐Johnston

in Witnesses to a World Crisis: Historians and Histories of the Middle East in the Seventh Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199208593
eISBN:
9780191594182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208593.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

Islamic traditions about pre‐Islamic Arabia are tested in relation to three episodes which are independently covered by non‐Islamic sources—a massacre of Christians in Najran in 523, an attack from ... More


General Conclusion

Reem Bassiouney

in Arabic Sociolinguistics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748623730
eISBN:
9780748671373
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748623730.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This presents some concluding thoughts from the author. It identifies two facts that render Arabic inclusive in many respects. The first is the non-distinction between Classic Arabic, Modern Standard ... More


Pedagogy for Religion: Missionary Education and the Fashioning of Hindus and Muslims in Bengal

Parna Sengupta

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520268296
eISBN:
9780520950412
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520268296.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

Offering a new approach to the study of religion and empire, this book challenges a widespread myth of modernity—that Western rule has had a secularizing effect on the non-West—by looking closely at ... More


What Does the Hajj Mean?

Robert R. Bianchi

in Guests of God: Pilgrimage and Politics in the Islamic World

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780195171075
eISBN:
9780199835102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195171071.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Modernist Islamic thinkers see the hajj as a treasure house of fluid symbols carrying infinite meanings everyone is free to interpret and reinterpret as they choose. In their view, “reading” the ... More


What Is a Madrasa?

Ebrahim Moosa

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9781469620138
eISBN:
9781469623337
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469620138.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

Taking us inside the world of the madrasa—the most common type of school for religious instruction in the Islamic world—this book provides a resource on orthodox Islam in global affairs. Focusing on ... More


The Beneficent Sky God: Cultural History in the Qur’an

William F. McCants

in Founding Gods, Inventing Nations: Conquest and Culture Myths from Antiquity to Islam

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151489
eISBN:
9781400840069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151489.003.0003
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter considers the Qur'an's interpretation of the origins of civilization. When the Arabs conquered the Near East, they shared with their subjects (mainly Jews and Christians) the notion that ... More


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