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Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Reuven Firestone

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

While there is no evidence to date that the indigenous inhabitants of Arabia knew of holy war prior to Islam, holy war ideas and behaviors appear already among Muslims during the first generation. ... More


Studying the Qur'an in the Muslim Academy

Majid Daneshgar

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190067540
eISBN:
9780190067571
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067540.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book sheds light on how the study of Islam in the Muslim lands become an exercise in politics and pious apologetics. It also displays the way modern critical historical approach to the Qurʾān is ... More


Prophethood and the Value of Divine Guidance

Hussein Ali Abdulsater

in Shi'i Doctrine, Mu'tazili Theology: al-Sharif al-Murtada and Imami Discourse

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474404402
eISBN:
9781474434898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474404402.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter studies the notion of prophethood as the pinnacle of human perfection. Prophets being also Imams, the theoretical aspects the two roles have in common will be omitted from analysis. In ... More


Classical Sufi Approaches to Scripture

Peter Awn

in Mysticism and Sacred Scripture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195097030
eISBN:
9780199848805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195097030.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

Historians of religion often equate scripture in Islam solely with the Qurʾān. But if scripture is understood to include those texts for which a claim of divine inspiration is made by the Muslim ... More


Ibn al-ʿArabī's Hermeneutics of Mercy

William C. Chittick

in Mysticism and Sacred Scripture

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195097030
eISBN:
9780199848805
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195097030.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, World Religions

This chapter focuses on the writings of Andalusian sage Ibn al-ʿArabī, which combined the intuitive, mystical perspective of Sufism with the rational analysis of the experts in Kalam, in ... More


Introduction

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This book is a study of the origins of the concept and application of warring defined now as “holy war” in the earliest period of Islamic history. It examines questions such as when and under what ... More


The Qurʾān: The Traditional Reading and Its Inherent Weakness

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter analyzes the canonical Islamic reading of the Qurʾān on the origin of holy war based on early commentaries (tafāsīr) and early historical and analytical studies. It examines a field of ... More


The Qurʾān on War: A New Reading

Reuven Firestone

in Jihād: The Origin of Holy War in Islam

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195154948
eISBN:
9780199849239
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195154948.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter offers a new reading based on a different method of analysis. Rather than categorizing verses according to where they fit in the traditional “evolutionary theory” of warring in the ... More


The Qurʾān in the Muslim Academy: What Should Be Censored?

Majid Daneshgar

in Studying the Qur'an in the Muslim Academy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190067540
eISBN:
9780190067571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067540.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter considers the ways in which Western Islamic studies in general, and Western Qurʾanic studies in particular written by different scholars, including John Burton, Joseph G. Schacht, ... More


Reading the Qurʾān on Jihād: Two Early Exegetical Texts

Andrew Rippin

in Violence in Islamic Thought from the Qur'an to the Mongols

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780748694235
eISBN:
9781474412292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748694235.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

Understanding the character of early jihād has been the focus of much scholarly effort. The relationship between those fighting and the political power of the caliph, the notion of the obligation and ... More


Drums, Banners and Baraka: Symbols of Authority during the First Century of Marīnid Rule, 1250–1350*

Amira K. Bennison

in The Articulation of Power in Medieval Iberia and the Maghrib

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780197265697
eISBN:
9780191771897
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265697.003.0010
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter explores how the Marīnid sultans expressed their authority to their subjects, especially those living beyond Fes, their capital city, during their first century of rule. The construction ... More


Introduction

Majid Daneshgar

in Studying the Qur'an in the Muslim Academy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190067540
eISBN:
9780190067571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067540.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam

The introduction deals with the format of the book as well as the overview of its four chapters. It shows how the book can provide a first-hand look into intra-Muslim critical scholarship. Through ... More


“Islamic Apologetics” and Islamic Studies

Majid Daneshgar

in Studying the Qur'an in the Muslim Academy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190067540
eISBN:
9780190067571
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190067540.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter highlights the notion of “Islamic Apologetics” in the Muslim academy and Islamic studies in Western academia. The goal of the chapter is to prepare readers to see how topics discussed in ... More


The Jurist as a Mujtahid—the Hermeneutical Concept of Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Māwardī (d. 449/1058)

Irene Schneider

in Law and Religion in the Eastern Mediterranean: From Antiquity to Early Islam

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199550234
eISBN:
9780191747199
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199550234.003.0015
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Religions

This chapter analyses the hermeneutical approach for judges developed by Abū l-Ḥasan ʿAlī al-Māwardī (d. 449/1058). It focuses on Alī al-Māwardī's approach to the Qurʾān and Sunna, and compares his ... More


Heliotropic Exit: Ryoko Sekiguchi’s Muwashshaḥ

Yasser Elhariry

in Pacifist Invasions: Arabic, Translation & the Postfrancophone Lyric

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781786940407
eISBN:
9781786945075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781786940407.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

Ryoko Sekiguchi’s Héliotropes is deeply informed by Giorgio Agamben and Daniel Heller-Roazen’s work on the ‘end of the poem’ and on ‘speaking in tongues,’ and so Sekiguchi perfectly unites classical ... More


Two Dominicans, a Lost Manuscript, and Medieval Christian Thought on Islam

Thomas E. Burman

in Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference: Commentary, Conflict, and Community in the Premodern Mediterranean

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780823264629
eISBN:
9780823266821
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264629.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

This chapter discusses the polemical efforts of the Dominican Order as it confronted Jewish and Muslim scriptural and exegetical texts in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Burman considers the ... More


Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199362783
eISBN:
9780199362806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

How does the Qurʾān depict the religious Other? Throughout Islamic history, this question has provoked extensive and intricate debate about the identity, nature, and status of the religious Other and ... More


From Holistic Interpretation to Relational Hermeneutics: Toshihiko Izutsu’s Semantic Analysis of the Qurʾān

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

in Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199362783
eISBN:
9780199362806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This chapter critically engages the hermeneutical approach of Toshihiko Izutsu, focusing primarily on his intra-Qurʾānic and synchronic semantic methodology. It argues that Izutsu’s method of ... More


Lateral and Hierarchical Religious Difference in the Qurʾān

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

in Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199362783
eISBN:
9780199362806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

Utilizing the conceptual and hermeneutical infrastructure developed in earlier chapters, this chapter begins to reinterpret the Qurʾānic discourse on the religious Other and to articulate a Muslima ... More


Relational Mapping of the Semantic Field of Taqwā: Concepts of Hierarchical Religious Difference

Jerusha Tanner Lamptey

in Never Wholly Other: A Muslima Theology of Religious Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199362783
eISBN:
9780199362806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199362783.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam, Religion and Society

This chapter focuses on the Qurʾānic genre of hierarchical religious difference—that is, the semantic field of taqwā—in greater detail. It explores the concepts of īmān (“belief”), islām ... More


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