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Holocene Extinctions

Samuel T. Turvey (ed.)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199535095
eISBN:
9780191715754
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535095.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The extent to which human activity has influenced species extinctions during the recent prehistoric past remains controversial due to other factors such as climatic fluctuations and a general lack of ... More


When did We Start to Change Things?

Thomas N. Sherratt and David M. Wilkinson

in Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199548606
eISBN:
9780191917769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199548606.003.0013
Subject:
Environmental Science, Applied Ecology

As we wrote the first draft of this chapter (during early summer 2007), the potential dangers of ‘global warming’ had moved up the news agenda to a point where most ... More


Soil Stratigraphy

Vance T. Holliday

in Soils in Archaeological Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195149654
eISBN:
9780197561874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195149654.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

Soils have been employed in archaeological stratigraphy since at least the 1930s, including topical discussions of the significance of soils in stratified deposits ... More


Soil Stratigraphy in Geoarchaeological Contexts

Vance T. Holliday

in Soils in Archaeological Research

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195149654
eISBN:
9780197561874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195149654.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Archaeological Methodology and Techniques

The various kinds and states of soils, surface and buried, discussed in the previous chapter can be found in an almost infinite variety of combinations, and most can ... More


The Conceptual Basis of LTER Studies in the Alaskan Boreal Forest

John Yarie and Leslie A. Viereck

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195154313
eISBN:
9780197561928
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195154313.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

The boreal forest occupies 10% of the ice-free terrestrial surface and is the second most extensive terrestrial biome on Earth, after tropical forests ... More


Zooming through scales by the billion

Shaun Lovejoy

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190864217
eISBN:
9780197559895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864217.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

“The climate is what you expect, the weather is what you get”: The climate is a kind of average weather. But is it really? Those of us who have thirty years or more of ... More


Macroweather, the climate, and beyond

Shaun Lovejoy

in Weather, Macroweather, and the Climate: Our Random Yet Predictable Atmosphere

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190864217
eISBN:
9780197559895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864217.003.0009
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

“Expect the cold weather to continue for the next ten days, followed by a warm spell.” This might have been the fourteen- day weather forecast for Montreal on ... More


Introductory Overview

Raymond C. Smith and Douglas G. Goodin

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0030
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Elias argues (chapter 18, p. 370) that ecosystems are shaped by environmental changes that have occurred over thousands of years so that the century to ... More


Millennial and Century Climate Changes in the Colorado Alpine

Scott Elias

in Climate Variability and Ecosystem Response in Long-Term Ecological Research Sites

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195150599
eISBN:
9780197561881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195150599.003.0033
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

Ecosystems are the products of regional biotic history, shaped by environmental changes that have occurred over thousands of years. Accordingly, ecological ... More


Herpetological Species as Paleoenvironmental Indicators

J. Alan Holman

in Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

In Chapter 5 we have seen that Pleistocene herpetofaunas are often used to suggest paleoenvironmental conditions. The present chapter discusses the ... More


The Cenozoic Era: Paleogene and Neogene Periods (65–2.6 Ma)

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0003
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

Most of western California was still underwater during the Paleogene, as evidenced by marine fossils, but continued to form and emerge throughout the Cenozoic. Fossil evidence indicates the first ... More


Quaternary Geologic and Climatic Changes

Kristina A. Schierenbeck

in Phylogeography of California

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780520278875
eISBN:
9780520959248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278875.003.0004
Subject:
Environmental Science, Nature

The Quaternary was a time of dramatic evolutionary change, due to strong climatic latitudinal gradients. Oceanic biotic exchanges occurred between the Arctic, east Pacific, and from the equator, ... More


Quaternary of the Bengal Coast

Rupendra Kumar Chattopadhyay

in The Archaeology of Coastal Bengal

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780199481682
eISBN:
9780199091027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199481682.003.0002
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The second chapter is about the Quaternary of the east coast in India in general and the Bengal coast in particular. This discussion on the Quaternary is crucial in the context of the evolution of ... More


Consequences of climatic change for distributions

Brian Huntley

in Effects of Climate Change on Birds

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198824268
eISBN:
9780191862809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198824268.003.0013
Subject:
Biology, Ornithology, Animal Biology

Species’ distributions, population sizes, and community composition are affected, directly and indirectly, by climatic changes, leading to changes in location, extent, and/or quality of ... More


West Indian Mammals: The Old, the New, and the Recently Extinct

Liliana M. Dávalos and Samuel T. Turvey (eds)

in Bones, Clones, and Biomes: The History and Geography of Recent Neotropical Mammals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226649191
eISBN:
9780226649214
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226649214.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

The West Indian mammal fauna has played a key role in the development of biogeographic ideas for over a century, but a synthesis explaining regional patterns of mammal diversity and distribution in a ... More


Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

David Anderson, Andrew Goudie, and Adrian Parker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

We are in the grip of global warming: sea levels are rising; glaciers are melting, Arctic sea ice is thinning, meteorological events are becoming more extreme. But how do these changes compare with ... More


A Framework for Understanding Environmental Change

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter presents ideas that have evolved around the environmental changes in the world in the Quaternary period, or the last 2.6 million years. It recounts the discovery of the Ice Age and the ... More


Sea Level Changes of the Quaternary

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter studies the importance, the evidence, and the causes of sea level changes. Sea levels are low during glacials and are high during interglacials. The rapid rise in the sea level in ... More


The Causes of Climatic Change

David E. Anderson, Andrew S. Goudie, and Adrian G. Parker

in Global Environments through the Quaternary: Exploring Evironmental Change

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199697267
eISBN:
9780191810169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199697267.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter discusses the different hypotheses explaining the cause of environmental changes during the Quaternary. The different factors affecting climate change makes it complex. The chapter also ... More


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