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Values and health risks

Bob Heyman

in Risk, Safety and Clinical Practice: Health care through the lens of risk

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198569008
eISBN:
9780191717499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569008.003.03
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter starts from the observation that a sense of adversity is bound into modern risk-thinking. Evoking risk conveys to the contemporary mind that a negatively valued outcome is causing ... More


Social Choice in Health and Health Care *

Aki Tsuchiya and John Miyamoto

in The Handbook of Rational and Social Choice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199290420
eISBN:
9780191710506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290420.003.0023
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

A large part of health economics concerns the methodology of informing the best way to allocate health‐care resources at the social level, and the actual delivery of such information. One typical ... More


Societal Allocation of Resources for Patients with ESRD

Daniel Callahan

in The Roots of Bioethics: Health, Progress, Technology, Death

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199931378
eISBN:
9780199980598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931378.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The field of bioethics, many would argue, began with the creation of a committee in Seattle 1960 to decide who would be given access to kidney dialysis when there were not enough of those new ... More


A Question of Economics

R. S. Downie and K. C. Calman

in Healthy Respect: Ethics in Health Care

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780192624086
eISBN:
9780191723728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192624086.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Economics and morality are closely linked since resources going to one patient cannot go to another. Inequalities in health care can therefore arise. There are various economic issues in health care, ... More


Benefits from improved health

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter starts with an inquiry into the nature of different outcome measures that are being used in the medical literature, emphasizing an important distinction between incommensurable versus ... More


Eqalyty revisited

Andrew Edgar

in From reason to practice in bioethics: An anthology dedicated to the works of John Harris

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719096235
eISBN:
9781781708392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719096235.003.0014
Subject:
Society and Culture, Ethical Issues and Debates

This chapter looks anew at John Harris’s critical discussions of the Quality Adjusted Life Year (QALY) and its use determining the just allocation of health care resources. It is argued that Harris ... More


Health economics and health promotion

Colin Palfrey

in The Future for Health Promotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781447341239
eISBN:
9781447341277
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447341239.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter examines the techniques used by health economists to evaluate the value for money of health promotion initiatives. It first provides an overview of concepts related to economics and ... More


The Right Price: A Value-Based Prescription for Drug Costs

Peter J. Neumann, Joshua T. Cohen, and Daniel A. Ollendorf

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2021
ISBN:
9780197512883
eISBN:
9780197512913
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197512883.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology, Public Health

New medications can provide substantial benefits, but high prescription drug prices have led to calls to contain costs. Even after accounting for discounts and rebates, average prices of leading ... More


Cost-Effectiveness and Cost–Benefit Analysis

George C. Davis and Elena L. Serrano

in Food and Nutrition Economics: Fundamentals for Health Sciences

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780199379118
eISBN:
9780190876609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199379118.003.0016
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Chapter 16 gives an overview of cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analysis. Every year millions of dollars are spent on food and nutrition intervention programs that are designed to improve health. ... More


Speculative Argument and Bioethics

John McMillan

in The Methods of Bioethics: An Essay in Meta-Bioethics

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780199603756
eISBN:
9780191862885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199603756.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Speculative reason is an important aspect of practical reason and one of the core activities in Socratic moral reason. Speculating, or posing ‘what if?’ questions when reasoning about ethics can take ... More


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