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Measurement of health utilities in children

Lillian Sung, Stavros Petrou, and Wendy J. Ungar

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.04
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has been increasingly emphasized in pediatrics. The same issues relevant to the measurement of HRQoL in adults apply to children, although ... More


Economic evaluations of newborn screening

Scott D. Grosse

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.06
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Screening for metabolic, endocrine, and other diseases in newborns is performed through the laboratory analysis of dried blood spot specimens. This chapter reviews economic evaluations of newborn ... More


Is more aggressive treatment of pediatric traumatic brain injury worth it?

J. Mick Tilford and Ali I. Raja

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.09
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major health problem worldwide and is often referred to as the ‘silent epidemic’. The uncertainty faced by clinicians in treating children with severe brain injuries ... More


Should health gains by children be given the same value as health gains by adults in an economic evaluation framework?

Stavros Petrou

in Economic Evaluation in Child Health

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199547494
eISBN:
9780191720055
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547494.003.15
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Evidence suggesting that a unit of health gain by a child is not of equal value to a unit of health gain by an adult would suggest that age should be considered as an important criterion in health ... More


The SWF Approach and Its Competitors

Matthew D. Adler

in Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195384994
eISBN:
9780199918348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384994.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins by introducing the social welfare function (SWF) approach. It then goes on to criticize the competing approaches to policy analysis that are currently dominant. Although SWFs are ... More


Measuring Preferences for Health States

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.11
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the concept of utility as it is applied in decision analysis and cost analysis. It introduces quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) as an outcome metric that is commonly used in ... More


Utility and Cost-Utility Analysis

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.13
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Utility and cost-utility analysis seek to assess the effects of interventions on outcomes that reflect the preferences of individuals or society for a health outcome. Quality-adjusted life years ... More


Limitations

Diana B. Petitti

in Meta-Analysis, Decision Analysis, and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195133646
eISBN:
9780199863761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133646.003.17
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Having taken a position of advocacy for the use of the three synthesis methods in the first sixteen chapters, this chapter identifies the serious limitations of the methods both theoretical and ... More


Saving People from the Harm of Death

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg (eds)

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Many people believe that death is one of the worst things that can happen to us. At the same time, the incident of death cannot be experienced. This raises philosophical questions about how and to ... More


Costs and the cost-effectiveness threshold

Jan Abel Olsen

in Principles in Health Economics and Policy

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198794837
eISBN:
9780191836329
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198794837.003.0019
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

Chapter 19 starts by distinguishing between the two contrasting perspectives that an economic evaluation would take: the healthcare sector perspective versus the societal perspective. The former is ... More


Introduction: Perspectives on Evaluating Deaths and Their Relevance to Health Policy

Espen Gamlund and Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

There have been debates in both philosophy and the field of population health on the issue of how mortality can and should be measured. In population health, the intention has been to produce ... More


Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering

Daniel M. Hausman

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190233181
eISBN:
9780190233204
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190233181.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Those who are responsible for health policy want to know how seriously diseases, injuries, and risk factors diminish health and how significantly different policies improve health. To provide this ... More


Applying the Capability Approach in Health Economic Evaluations: A Sufficient Solution

Paul Mark Mitchell, Tracy E. Roberts, Pelham M. Barton, and Joanna Coast

in What is Enough?: Sufficiency, Justice, and Health

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780199385263
eISBN:
9780199385270
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199385263.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Health economic evaluation is an analytic approach to aid decision-making between interventions competing for resources from the same “pot.” The objective of these evaluations is typically to ... More


People Aren’t Replaceable: Why It’s Better to Extend Lives than to Create New Ones

Michelle Hutchinson

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

According to commonly used global health metrics such as the Quality-Adjusted Life Year (QALY), saving an infant’s life seems to be no better than letting that infant die and bringing into existence ... More


Why Aggregation?

Iwao Hirose

in Moral Aggregation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199933686
eISBN:
9780199398324
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933686.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter motivates the analysis of aggregation and outlines the main arguments in this book. The section 1.1 presents an informal definition of aggregation and then elucidates that aggregation is ... More


Quantifying the Harm of Death

Erik Nord

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In economic evaluation of health interventions and in measurements of burden of disease, the harm of death is routinely quantified. Can this make sense? I review approaches to measuring willingness ... More


Putting a Number on the Harm of Death

Joseph Millum

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Donors to global health programs and policymakers within national health systems have to make difficult decisions about how to allocate scarce health care resources. Principled ways to make these ... More


Epicurean Challenges to the Disvalue of Death

Carl Tollef Solberg

in Saving People from the Harm of Death

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190921415
eISBN:
9780190921446
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190921415.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In global health, several practices rely on the assumption that death has a disvalue for those who die. This includes the fact that we prioritize extending human lives rather than creating new ones, ... More


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