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Stealing Helen: The Myth of the Abducted Wife in Comparative Perspective

Lowell Edmunds

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691165127
eISBN:
9781400874224
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165127.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Folk Literature

It's a familiar story: a beautiful woman is abducted and her husband journeys to recover her. This story's best-known incarnation is also a central Greek myth—the abduction of Helen that led to the ... More


How the Ancient Exercises Work

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The ancients offered a huge range of therapeutic exercises. Some ward off future emotion, some deal with emotion that has already arisen from a past occurrence. Chrysippus' emphasis on re-evaluating ... More


The Arts: First Movements and Controversies on Drama and Music

Richard Sorabji

in Emotion and Peace of Mind: From Stoic Agitation to Christian Temptation

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199256600
eISBN:
9780191712609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199256600.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

According to Seneca, the arts, including tragedy and music, can only produce first movements. So Aristotle's claim that tragedy and comedy produce catharsis by arousing emotion is wrong, as is ... More


Pythagorean Philosophies

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0012
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter discusses how all the Pythagorean theories of the soul known to us are different. Only Simmias and Echecrates, the pupils of Philolaus, held identical views. The similarity among some of ... More


Pythagorean Number Doctrine in the Academy and Lyceum

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0013
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter first considers the estimates of how great the contribution of the Pythagoreans was to Plato's philosophy and how these views diverge substantially, and which vary across the range from ... More


The Early Tradition on Pythagoras and Its Development

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter reviews references to Pythagoras by the authors of the pre-Platonic period. It shows that in the course of the fourth century, studies in mathematics, particularly geometry and ... More


Mathematici and Acusmatici. The Pythagorean ‘Symbols’

Leonid Zhmud

in Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199289318
eISBN:
9780191741371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289318.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Pythagorean ‘symbols’ and their custodians, the mathematici and the acusmatici. The ‘symbols’ are short sayings divided into three kinds according to the question they ... More


Maxims 1–3

Robert E. Sinkewicz

in Evagrius of Pontus: The Greek Ascetic Corpus

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259939
eISBN:
9780191698651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259939.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

This chapter presents an English translation of the ascetic corpus writing of Evagrius of Pontus about gnomic sayings. The gnomic sayings in this piece are closely related to other earlier ... More


Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Pythagoreanism: emerging from the Presocratic fog Metaphysics A 5

Malcolm Schofield

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The Pythagoreans are presented by Aristotle in Chapter 5 as a sort of bridge between the physicists and the Platonists. They resemble the physicists in treating their principles as material, although ... More


Plato as seen by Aristotle Plato as seen by Aristotle Metaphysics A 6

Carlos Steel

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter 6 Aristotle introduces Plato's views on the first principles. In the first part Aristotle offers a plausible account on how Plato came to develop the doctrine of the Forms. The second ... More


Second thoughts on some Presocratics Second thoughts on some Presocratics Metaphysics A 8, 989a18–990a32

Oliver Primavesi

in Aristotle's Metaphysics Alpha: Symposium Aristotelicum

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199639984
eISBN:
9780191743337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199639984.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In chapter A 8, Aristotle looks once more into the theories of Empedocles, Anaxagoras and the so-called Pythagoreans, this time in order to evaluate their views on principles for his own search for ... More


Introduction: Ancient Greek Sexual Blueprints for Social Order

Kathy L. Gaca

in The Making of Fornication: Eros, Ethics, and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235991
eISBN:
9780520929463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235991.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This book aims to resolve an important philosophical and historical problem about the making of sexual morality in Western culture. There are three main reasons why many scholars emphasize apparent ... More


The Reproductive Technology of the Pythagoreans

Kathy L. Gaca

in The Making of Fornication: Eros, Ethics, and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235991
eISBN:
9780520929463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235991.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter provides a discussion on the reproductive technology of the Pythagoreans. It also addresses the Greek and Roman sources on procreationism that are not part of Hellenistic Judaism or ... More


Philo’s Reproductive City of God

Kathy L. Gaca

in The Making of Fornication: Eros, Ethics, and Political Reform in Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520235991
eISBN:
9780520929463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520235991.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

This chapter argues that Philo's religious sexual ethic is an innovative synthesis which combines the Pentateuchal laws and sexual poetics of spiritual fornication with the sexual-reform plans of the ... More


Eschatology and Soteriology in Greek Rebirth

Gananath Obeyesekere

in Imagining Karma: Ethical Transformation in Amerindian, Buddhist, and Greek Rebirth

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780520232204
eISBN:
9780520936300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520232204.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

This chapter focuses on the traditions of thoughts in ancient Greece, labeled as “Pythagorean,” that also contained multiple theories of rebirth. Pythagoras, like similar figures in religious ... More


Aristotle on Mathematical Pythagoreanism in the Fourth Century bce

Phillip Sidney Horky

in Plato and Pythagoreanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199898220
eISBN:
9780199345519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199898220.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter describes the kinds of Pythagoreans who may have existed from the sixth through fourth centuries bce and their philosophical activities based on the evidence preserved by Aristotle. It ... More


Exoterism and the History of Pythagorean Politics

Phillip Sidney Horky

in Plato and Pythagoreanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199898220
eISBN:
9780199345519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199898220.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter examines the fragmentary evidence derived from Timaeus' history of the city-states of Sicily and Southern Italy, with special attention to the account of a certain Apollonius preserved ... More


The Method of the Gods: Mathematical Pythagoreanism and Discovery

Phillip Sidney Horky

in Plato and Pythagoreanism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199898220
eISBN:
9780199345519
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199898220.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter elucidates the ways Plato camouflages his critical responses to Pythagoreanism by using mythological figures to refer to Pythagorean philosophical invention in the middle and later ... More


Plant Sex from Empedocles to Theophrastus

Lincoln Taiz and Lee Taiz

in Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190490263
eISBN:
9780190868673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490263.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

“Plant Sex from Empedocles to Theophrastus” investigates Greek philosophies concerning plants. The Pythagoreans and pre-Socratic philosophers taught that the universe was governed by a divine order ... More


How Preplatonic Worlds Became Ensouled

André Laks

in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, Volume 55

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780198836339
eISBN:
9780191873607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836339.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

This article shows how two basic meanings of psuchē—namely, ‘breath’ and ‘life’—may have helped Platonizing, or for that matter Stoicizing, doxographers in endowing various Preplatonic philosophers ... More


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