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Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (ed.)

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Skepticism poses a central challenge in epistemology, but its opponents focus on Cartesian or Academic skepticism, whereas almost all actual defenders of skepticism are Pyrrhonians who suspend belief ... More


The Skeptics Are Coming! The Skeptics Are Coming!

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay explains a Pyrrhonian skepticism in contrast with Cartesian skepticism, and then argues that what externalists and contextualists oppose is only Cartesian skepticism. It contends that ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Robert J. Fogelin

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This work is a narrative study of the interactions between Hume's naturalism and his skepticism as they unfold in the Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. More ... More


Contemporary Pyrrhonism

Barry Stroud

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Fogelin claims that when he and others reflect on how we disregard uneliminated but eliminable defeaters while making knowledge claims in everyday life, our level of scrutiny rises, and we are ... More


Moral Skepticisms

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Skepticisms provides a detailed overview of moral epistemology, addressing such profound questions as: Are any moral beliefs true? Are any justified? Is moral knowledge possible? ... More


In Contrast with What?

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops a contrastivist account of justified belief in general, not only within morality. It argues that contrary to contextualism, no contrast class is ever really the relevant one, ... More


Cartesian Skeptics

Janet Broughton

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay contrasts Descartes with three skeptical figures: the Doubting Pyrrhonist, the Agrippan Pyrrhonist, and the Cartesian Skeptic. It argues that the meditator in Descartes’s Meditations is ... More


Historical Reflections on Classical Pyrrhonism and Neo‐Pyrrhonism

Gisela Striker

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that ancient Pyrrhonists did not decide to suspend judgment, but rather claimed to have found themselves unable to arrive at any judgment. By giving up the attempt, they also ... More


Two False Dichotomies: Foundationalism/Coherentism and Internalism/Externalism

Ernest Sosa

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay lays out the rationale for two principles — ascent and closure — and shows how they imply further principles of exclusion and of the criterion. These principles lead to the “Pyrrhonian ... More


Skepticism

Peter Klein

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In ”Skepticism,” Peter Klein distinguishes between the “Academic Skeptic” who proposes that we cannot have knowledge of a certain set of propositions and the “Pyrrhonian Skeptic” who refrains from ... More


Classy Moral Pyrrhonism

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

in Moral Skepticisms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195187724
eISBN:
9780199786121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195187725.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter applies the general epistemology in Chapter 5 to moral beliefs in particular, and discusses the relevance of moral nihilism. It presents a moderate classy Pyrrhonian moral skepticism, ... More


Introduction: Philosophical Skepticism and Pyrrhonism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Pyrrhonian Reflections on Knowledge and Justification

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195089875
eISBN:
9780199833238
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195089871.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The introduction offers a brief sketch of Pyrrhonian skepticism as it is presented in the works of Sextus Empiricus, and of competing interpretations of the scope of the Pyrrhonian doubt. Using terms ... More


Wittgensteinian Epistemology, Epistemic Vertigo, and Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Duncan Pritchard

in Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780190946302
eISBN:
9780190946333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190946302.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In On Certainty, Wittgenstein offers a radical conception of the structure of rational evaluation, such that all rational evaluations are essentially local in that they necessarily occur relative to ... More


The Epicurean and Skeptic Ways of Life

John M. Cooper

in Pursuits of Wisdom: Six Ways of Life in Ancient Philosophy from Socrates to Plotinus

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691138602
eISBN:
9781400842322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691138602.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the Epicurean and Pyrrhonian skeptic ways of life. It argues that the Epicurean life, however much grounded in the results of philosophical analysis and argument, and however ... More


Two Openings and Two Closings

Robert J. Fogelin

in Hume's Skeptical Crisis: A Textual Study

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195387391
eISBN:
9780199866489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387391.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the relationship between the Treatise of Human Nature and the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding with respect to Hume's response to the challenge of skepticism. The opening ... More


Wittgenstein and Classical Scepticism

Robert J. Fogelin

in Philosophical Interpretations

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195071627
eISBN:
9780199833221
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019507162X.003.0016
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Throughout his long, complex, and changing career – from the Tractatus to On Certainty – Wittgenstein leveled essentially the same charge against skepticism: The skeptic's questions may be dismissed ... More


Pyrrhonian Skepticism and Human Agency

Ernest Sosa

in Judgment and Agency

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198719694
eISBN:
9780191788765
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198719694.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a new interpretation of Pyrrhonian epistemology, one in line with the epistemology developed in the preceding three parts. Our account of judgment understands it as an inherently ... More


Does Skepticism Lead to Tranquility? Exploring a Pyrrhonian Theme

Mario Attie-Picker

in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy Volume 3

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780198852407
eISBN:
9780191886867
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198852407.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Moral Philosophy

Pyrrhonian Skepticism, as described by Sextus Empiricus, has proven to be an influential philosophical tradition. However, little attention has been paid to the empirical claims that animate the ... More


Sir William Berkeley, the Hobbists, and the End of Renaissance-Era Colonization

Alexander B. Haskell

in For God, King, and People: Forging Commonwealth Bonds in Renaissance Virginia

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781469618029
eISBN:
9781469618043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469618029.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter traces the end of Renaissance-era colonization in the tensions between Thomas Hobbes's new theory of state sovereignty and the more-traditional Christian humanism of Sir William ... More


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