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Cerebellar Ataxia

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0007
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

Disease processes affecting the cerebellum and its connections, such as can occur in multiple sclerosis, often lead to lack of motor coordination, postural tremor, and tremor on directed movement; ... More


Dendritic voltage-gated ion channels

Jeffrey C. Magee

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198566564
eISBN:
9780191724206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566564.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the types and distributions of the main voltage-gated ion channels presently known to exist within the dendrites of CA1 pyramidal neurons, neocortical layer Vm pyramidal ... More


Cerebellar cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Brain Computations: What and How

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9780198871101
eISBN:
9780191914157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198871101.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic

The cerebellar cortex appears to be involved in predictive feedforward control to generate smooth movements. There is a beautiful network architecture which suggests that the granule cells perform ... More


Development

Rafael Yuste

in Dendritic Spines

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013505
eISBN:
9780262259286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013505.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

The development of spines in two types of neurons: cerebellar Purkinje cells, and cortical pyramidal neurons, are described. The chapter asserts that some of the features of spinogenesis may be ... More


Cerebellar cortex

Edmund T. Rolls

in Cerebral Cortex: Principles of Operation

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780198784852
eISBN:
9780191836299
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198784852.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Behavioral Neuroscience

First, this comparison does highlight how the design of different types of cortex is very different, and at the same time how precisely types of cortex are designed. The implication is that the ... More


Dendritic voltage-gated ion channels

Jeffrey C. Magee

in Dendrites

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198745273
eISBN:
9780191819735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter focuses on the types and distributions of the main voltage-gated ion channels currently known to exist within the dendrites of CA1 pyramidal neurons, neocortical L5 pyramidal neurons, ... More


The Neurobiological Bases for the Computational Theory of Mind

C. Randy Gallistel

in On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The language of thought hypothesis is one of Fodor’s seminal contributions to cognitive science. Prominent among the objections to it has been the argument that there is no neurobiological evidence ... More


Functional components of the non-linear charge

Christopher L-H. Huang

in Intramembrane Charge Movements in Striated Muscle

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198577492
eISBN:
9780191724190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198577492.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter outlines different features of intramembrane charge movements in a variety of experimental systems, comparing steady-state and kinetic properties of the charge with those of known ... More


Development from Marr’s theory of the cerebellum

Takeru Honda and Masao Ito

in Computational Theories and their Implementation in the Brain: The legacy of David Marr

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780198749783
eISBN:
9780191831638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198749783.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Neuropsychology

Marr’s theory of the cerebellum in 1969 came as a great surprise. Since Albus published a similar theory two years later, these network theories have been collectively called the “Marr–Albus” model. ... More


The Glutamate Receptor delta2 Subunit in Cerebellar Wiring

Strata Piergiorgio and Mandolesi Georgia

in Cerebral Plasticity: New Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015233
eISBN:
9780262295444
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015233.003.0012
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter presents a discussion on glutamate receptor delta2 subunit (GluRδ2) in cerebellar wiring. It suggests that GluRδ2 is involved in stabilization and the strengthening of synaptic ... More


Structure

Rafael Yuste

in Dendritic Spines

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013505
eISBN:
9780262259286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013505.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter attempted to summarize the common morphological features of spines. Data for this chapter were derived from the literature on pyramidal and Purkinje cells. It shows that spines are ... More


Retrograde Axonal Transport of Fluorescent Tracers from Medullary Reticular Structures to the “Neck” and “Forelimb” Segments of the Cervical Spinal Cord

Noemi Corvaja Ciriani, Alessandra Gennari, Paola Dʼascanio, and Ottavio Pompeiano

in The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System

Published in print:
1992
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195068207
eISBN:
9780199847198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0048
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Cervical spinoreticular (CSR) neurons and the linked medullary reticular neurons respond to proprioceptive afferent volleys stemming not only from the forelimb but also from the dorsal neck ... More


Synaptic Input to a Passive Tree

Christof Koch

in Biophysics of Computation: Information Processing in Single Neurons

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195104912
eISBN:
9780197562338
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195104912.003.0024
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

Now that we have quantified the behavior of the cell in response to current pulses and current steps as delivered by the physiologist's microelectrode, let us study the behavior of the cell ... More


Animal Models of the Maternal Infection Risk Factor for Schizophrenia

Paul H. Patterson

in The Origins of Schizophrenia

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231151245
eISBN:
9780231521925
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231151245.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter presents animal experiments that study maternal infection as a risk factor for schizophrenia. Exposure of pregnant mice to a strain of human influenza virus results in offspring with ... More


Discovery

Rafael Yuste

in Dendritic Spines

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262013505
eISBN:
9780262259286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262013505.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter narrates the discovery of dendritic spines. It begins with Santiago Ramón y Cajal, a Spanish professor of Pathology and Histology, and his work entitled Estractura delos centros ... More


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