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Generating a National Debate about Federal Health Policy, 1935–1939

Robyn Muncy

in Relentless Reformer: Josephine Roche and Progressivism in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691122731
eISBN:
9781400852413
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691122731.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter details events in Josephine Roche's life from 1935 to 1939. Despite her many other roles, Roche's primary obligation in the New Deal government was oversight of health policy. She ... More


The First Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco: Science and the State in the New Age of Chronic Disease

Allan M. Brandt

in Silent Victories: The History and Practice of Public Health in Twentieth Century America

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195150698
eISBN:
9780199865185
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195150698.003.21
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The Surgeon General's Report of 1964 marks a watershed in the history of public health. Following its publication, both the science and the practice of public health were visibly transformed. This ... More


Immigration, Intelligence, and the Public Health Service

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the issues of immigration and intelligence that had arisen in the United States between 1880 and 1912, a period of increasing public clamor and concern that mentally deficient ... More


Quarantine and Eugenic Gatekeeping on the US-Mexican Border

Alexandra Minna Stern

in Eugenic Nation: Faults and Frontiers of Better Breeding in Modern America

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520285064
eISBN:
9780520960657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520285064.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter draws more connections between colonial medicine and eugenics along the US–Mexican border, where a protracted quarantine scrutinized and simultaneously racialized the bodies of Mexican ... More


Financial Conflicts of Interest: The Legacy of Shoeless Joe Jackson

in Law in the Laboratory: A Guide to the Ethics of Federally Funded Science Research

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226101644
eISBN:
9780226101668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226101668.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter focuses on the three types of financial conflict of interest laws affecting the scientific research community. The first section examines personal financial conflicts pertaining to those ... More


After Ellis Island

Richardson John T. E.

in Howard Andrew Knox: Pioneer of Intelligence Testing at Ellis Island

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231141680
eISBN:
9780231512114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231141680.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter focuses on Howard Andrew Knox’s life after his departure from Ellis Island in New York in 1916, when he resigned his commission in the Public Health Service. Several factors may have ... More


The Environmental Regulatory State

Jill Lindsey Harrison

in Pesticide Drift and the Pursuit of Environmental Justice

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015981
eISBN:
9780262298766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015981.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Despite being the most advanced in the world, pesticide regulatory agencies in the United States and California have failed to address the pesticide drift problem properly. The history of pesticide ... More


The Alchemy of Empire: Drugs and Development in the Americas

Suzanna Reiss

in We Sell Drugs: The Alchemy of US Empire

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520280779
eISBN:
9780520959026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520280779.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Raw drug materials imported by U.S. pharmaceutical companies became the foundation for a therapeutic revolution. Governments and corporations embraced drug research and development to lengthen life, ... More


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