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Ptolemy's Philosophy

Jacqueline Feke

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The Greco-Roman mathematician Claudius Ptolemy is one of the most significant figures in the history of science. He is remembered today for his astronomy, but his philosophy is almost entirely lost ... More


 Science: Mathematics and Methodology

Peter Adamson

in Al-KindĪ

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195181425
eISBN:
9780199785087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195181425.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter is divided into three sections dealing with pharmacology, optics, and music, and emphasizes the issues of methodology, especially how al-Kindī thinks mathematics is used in science. In ... More


Astrology: Arguments Pro and Contra

A. A. Long

in From Epicurus to Epictetus: Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199279128
eISBN:
9780191706769
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199279128.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Arguments for and against the main principles of astrology have a continuous history from the second century bc up to the time of Augustine. This chapter focuses on three stages of a complex debate, ... More


Historical background

Ian P. Howard and Brian J. Rogers

in Seeing in Depth: Volume 1: Basic Mechanics/ Volume 2: Depth Perception 2-Volume Set

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195367607
eISBN:
9780199867264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195367607.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the history of the subject to the early twentieth century. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 2.1 discusses the history of visual science, covering the Greeks; the ... More


The Culmination of the Big Ship Phenomenon

William M. Murray

in The Age of Titans: The Rise and Fall of the Great Hellenistic Navies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195388640
eISBN:
9780199932405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388640.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical, World History: BCE to 500CE

The largest ships, like Lysimachus’s Leontophoros “eight,” or Ptolemy II’s “twenties” and “thirty,” were likely built as self-propelled siege platforms on which were stationed large pieces of siege ... More


A Baleful Birth in Babylon: The Significance of the Prodigy in the Liber de Morte—An Investigation of Genre

Elizabeth Baynham

in Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198152873
eISBN:
9780191715136
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152873.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, World History: BCE to 500CE

One of the more intriguing documents in the extant corpus of ancient literature on Alexander the Great of Macedon and his death is Liber de Morte, a fictitious account of his last days and will, ... More


The giants

Louis A. Girifalco

in The Universal Force: Gravity - Creator of Worlds

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228966
eISBN:
9780191711183
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228966.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Newton truly did stand on the shoulders of giants whose work prepared the way for modern science. For astronomy and gravity, these were Ptolemy, Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, and Kepler. Their individual ... More


The Letter of Aristeas between History and Myth

Tessa Rajak

in Translation and Survival: The Greek Bible of the Ancient Jewish Diaspora

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199558674
eISBN:
9780191720895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558674.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the tradition of the seventy two (later seventy) translators brought to Alexandria from Jerusalem along with texts of the Torah. Tradition had it that King Ptolemy II ... More


Introduction

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This introductory chapter provides an overview of the book's main themes. It begins with a brief discussion of the life and work of Claudius Ptolemy, and how his contributions in philosophy have been ... More


Defining the Sciences

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Taking Almagest 1.1 as the starting point of this study, as it functions as an epitome of Ptolemy's general philosophical system, this chapter argues that the metaphysics Ptolemy presents when ... More


Knowledge or Conjecture

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter shows how Ptolemy blends an Aristotelian form of empiricism with a Platonic concern for distinguishing knowledge and opinion, and thereby produces a new and subversive epistemology where ... More


Mathematics and the Good Life

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter demonstrates how Ptolemy's distinctly mathematical ethics emerges from his response to a contemporary debate over the relationship between theoretical and practical philosophy. He first ... More


Harmonia

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In the Harmonics, Ptolemy reveals that the heavens and human souls share the same formal structure. They are characterized by the same set of ratios, the ones studied by harmonics, the mathematical ... More


Harmonics and Astronomy

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter analyzes in what ways and to what degree harmonics and astronomy are complementary, particularly with respect to their epistemic efficacy. In Almagest 1.1, Ptolemy claims that ... More


Mathematizing the Human Soul

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter investigates the development of Ptolemy's psychological theory from On the Kritêrion to the Harmonics. It argues that Ptolemy composed the former before the latter, and that comparison ... More


Astrology and Cosmology

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter argues that Ptolemy maintains the epistemology and scientific method that he articulates in Almagest 1.1 and applies in the Harmonics in his studies of astrology and cosmology in the ... More


Conclusion

Jacqueline Feke

in Ptolemy's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691179582
eISBN:
9780691184036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691179582.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter summarizes key themes and presents some final thoughts. It suggests that Ptolemy attempted to quantify his astronomical models because astronomy, like astrology, is by definition a ... More


Rays, Waves, and Scattering: Topics in Classical Mathematical Physics

John A. Adam

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691148373
eISBN:
9781400885404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148373.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This book presents many of the mathematical concepts, structures, and techniques used in the study of rays, waves, and scattering. It includes discussions of how ocean waves are refracted around ... More


Deditio in Fidem: The Ptolemaic Conquest of Asia Minor

Andrew Meadows

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the nature of the acquisition of the overseas territories in Asia Minor by Ptolemy II Philadelphus. It takes as its focus one inscription (SEG 28.1224), which apparently ... More


Kings and Regime Change in the Roman Republic

Olivier Hekster

in Imperialism, Cultural Politics, and Polybius

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199600755
eISBN:
9780191738791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600755.003.0011
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter analyses the ways in which political circumstances in Republican Rome were exploited by foreign kings to strengthen their positions. It argues that kings consciously used the ... More


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