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Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Thomas Albert Howard

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Few institutions have been as influential as the German universities of the 19th century in shaping the modern academy and in setting the agenda of modern Christian theology. This book examines the ... More


Introduction

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the shake-up of educational institutions throughout Europe in the early 19th century. The objectives of this study are then presented ... More


An Erastian Modernity? Church, State, and Education in Early Nineteenth‐Century Prussia

Thomas Albert Howard

in Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199266852
eISBN:
9780191604188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266859.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines reconfigurations in Prussian politics, bureaucracy, educational policy, and church-state relations in the early 19th century. It explores the rhetoric and realities of Prussia ... More


Breakdown and Continuity

Axel Hadenius

in Institutions and Democratic Citizenship

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246663
eISBN:
9780191599392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246661.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Demonstrates how medieval institutional tendency could be continued in certain countries in the modern era, while autocratic backlash was the pattern elsewhere. England, Sweden, the Netherlands, and ... More


The South Germanic bedrock under foreign incursions

Arndt Sorge

in The Global and the Local: Understanding the Dialectics of Business Systems

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199278909
eISBN:
9780191706820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278909.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

Recombinations of liberal and corporatist economic institutions, of hierarchical subordination and lateral association have marked German socio-economic history from the beginnings of modernity until ... More


How Citizens Became the Standard: A Normative Explanation of the Shift Away from Mercenary Use

Sarah Percy

in Mercenaries: The History of a Norm in International Relations

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199214334
eISBN:
9780191706608
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214334.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter examines the decision in the late 18th and early 19th centuries to adopt a citizen army and stop the long-standing practice of hiring mercenaries from abroad, using four case studies. It ... More


The Social Question and the Challenge to Economic Orthodoxy

ERIK GRIMMER-SOLEM

in The Rise of Historical Economics and Social Reform in Germany 1864-1894

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199260416
eISBN:
9780191717369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260416.003.0004
Subject:
History, Social History, Economic History

This chapter defines and traces the social question and its salient attributes for Schmoller and his colleagues by relating it to the rapid processes of social and economic change in Prussia during ... More


Prussian–German Operational Art, 1740–1943

Dennis E. Showalter

in The Evolution of Operational Art: From Napoleon to the Present

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199599486
eISBN:
9780191595806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599486.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the rise and fall of operational art in the Prussian/German context. The rise began with Field Marshal Helmuth von Moltke and two significant military successes: the defeat of ... More


Conflict Displacement and Dual Inclusion in the Construction of Germany

Jonathan Obert and John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter focuses on the nineteenth-century formation of Germany. Organizational innovation was the assembly by Prussia of geographically disparate German principalities under the new ... More


The Fall of the Jesuits

Owen Chadwick

in The Popes and European Revolution

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269199
eISBN:
9780191600487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269196.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Jesuits were the leading order in the Catholic Church in Europe at the Counter‐Reformation, and were regarded as the most papalist and unscrupulous of the Pope's followers. This chapter traces ... More


Gregory XVI

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Gregory XVI (pope 1831‐46) pursued a policy in reaction against ’innovators’, meaning political liberalism and the French Revolution and all it stood for, setting the tone for the dislike of the ... More


In the Country

Owen Chadwick

in The Early Reformation on the Continent

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269021
eISBN:
9780191600470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269021.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Reformed parishes wanted married and educated clergy, but the capacity to support a manse, with a pastor and his family, could be quite beyond the resources of rural communities. Pastors often had ... More


The Limitations of Enlightened Despotism

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

The forces of aristocracy, which in some countries in the 1780s prevailed over democratic movements, prevailed in others over monarchy itself. This chapter takes up a thread left hanging at the close ... More


Liberation and Annexation: 1792–1793

R. R. Palmer

in The Age of the Democratic Revolution: A Political History of Europe and America, 1760-1800

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161280
eISBN:
9781400850228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161280.003.0018
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In 1792, the French army occupied Belgium, and the Russian army, closely followed by the Prussian, occupied Poland. In both cases the entering powers announced themselves as liberators, and were ... More


The Significance of Prussian Militarism for Nazi Imperialism: Potential Tensions in United Nations Psychological Warfare: (October 20,1943)

Herbert Marcuse and Felix Gilbert

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0006
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter discusses the significance of Prussian militarism for Nazi imperialism, arguing that the destruction of Prussian militarism was a crucial problem for the United Nations' psychological ... More


Politicizing Antigone

Erika Fischer‐Lichte

in Interrogating Antigone in Postmodern Philosophy and Criticism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199559213
eISBN:
9780191594403
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559213.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Three different productions of Antigone are investigated with regard to the way in which the aesthetic of each performance was related to its political context: (1) the Tieck/ Mendelssohn production ... More


The Reign of Nicholas I, 1825–1855, and the New Intellectual Climate

Nicholas V. Riasanovsky

in Russian Identities: A Historical Survey

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195156508
eISBN:
9780199868230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156508.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter views the reign of Nicholas I as a period of continuation and change of his older brother's (Alexander I) reign. It discusses that his reorganization of state peasants can be considered ... More


Germany: Academic Golden Age

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The unification of Germany in 1871 left universities under the control of individual states, but they had common national characteristics, and Prussian influence was strong. Expansion of university ... More


Civil Servants and the Onset of Passive Resistance

Conan Fischer

in The Ruhr Crisis 1923-1924

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198208006
eISBN:
9780191716607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208006.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter explains how an intense struggle developed between the French and the Prussian/German authorities to assert de facto sovereignty in the Rhineland and occupied Ruhr District. The Prussian ... More


Germany and the Humboldtian Model

R. D. Anderson

in European Universities from the Enlightenment to 1914

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198206606
eISBN:
9780191717307
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206606.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The University of Berlin, founded in 1810 under the influence of Wilhelm von Humboldt, is traditionally seen as the model institution of the 19th century. In fact the German system emerged from ... More


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