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The Migration of Salmon from Nature to Biotechnology

Dennis Doyle and Takahashi Kelso

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter addresses transgenic salmon, and then explores the marketing of the patented AquAdvantage salmon and the current resistance from within the salmon aquaculture industry. It also considers ... More


Rendering Machinic Life

Natasha Myers

in Representation in Scientific Practice Revisited

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262525381
eISBN:
9780262319157
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262525381.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Practitioners in the life sciences make extensive use of machine analogies to describe molecular structures. This chapter offers an ethnographic account of a particular family of machine analogies in ... More


Modeling Biological Systems

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter is devoted to one of the main applications of artificial chemistries, the modeling of biological systems. The chapter starts at the molecular level, with algorithms that model RNA and ... More


Applications of random graphs

A.C.C. Coolen, A. Annibale, and E.S. Roberts

in Generating Random Networks and Graphs

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780198709893
eISBN:
9780191780172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198709893.003.0011
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter reviews graph generation techniques in the context of applications. The first case study is power grids, where proposed strategies to prevent blackouts have been tested on tailored ... More


The Chemistry of Life

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter introduces some basic concepts from chemistry and biology that are often at the heart of various approaches to artificial chemistries. It starts with the problem of how to define life, ... More


Cell organization and protein networks

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0023
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Biology is based systems; that is a set of constituents densely linked to each other. Systems exhibit emergent properties that simply result from the connections between the constituents. Evidence ... More


Ordering Objects

Hallam Stevens

in Life Out of Sequence: A Data-Driven History of Bioinformatics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226080178
eISBN:
9780226080345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226080345.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the role of databases in scientific knowledge-making using one prominent example: GenBank. Biological databases, organized with computers, cannot be thought of as just ... More


Assembling Blocks

Jorja G. Henikoff

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0007
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

A block is an ungapped local multiple alignment of amino acid sequences from a group of related proteins. Ideally, the contiguous stretch of residues represented by a block is conserved for ... More


Systematic Detection of Protein Structural Motifs

Kentaro Tomii and Minoru Kanehisa

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

It is widely believed that the prediction of the 3D structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence is important because the structure will help understand the function. As the number of ... More


A Framework for Biological Pattern Discovery on Networks of Workstations

Bin Li and Dennis Shasha

in Pattern Discovery in Biomolecular Data: Tools, Techniques, and Applications

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195119404
eISBN:
9780197561256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195119404.003.0015
Subject:
Computer Science, Systems Analysis and Design

Biological pattern discovery problems are computationally expensive. A possible technique for reducing the time to perform pattern discovery is parallelization. Since each task in a biological ... More


Virtual Collections

Bruno J. Strasser

in Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226634999
eISBN:
9780226635187
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226635187.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

When, after many years of work, crystallographers determined the first structures of protein, they were shocked by their complexity. Unlike the elegant double helical structure of DNA, the structure ... More


The “Data Deluge”: Turning Private Data into Public Archives

Bruno J. Strasser

in Science in the Archives: Pasts, Presents, Futures

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226432229
eISBN:
9780226432533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226432533.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

How did scientific databases become filled with data? And how did they become a cornerstone of open science? Framing databases within the broader history of scientific collections provides some ... More


Temperature and reaction rate

Andrew Clarke

in Principles of Thermal Ecology: Temperature, Energy, and Life

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780199551668
eISBN:
9780191847936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199551668.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

All other things being equal, physiological reaction rate increases roughly exponentially with temperature. Organisms that have adapted over evolutionary time to live at different temperatures can ... More


Cellular basis of intelligent behaviour

Anthony Trewavas

in Plant Behaviour and Intelligence

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199539543
eISBN:
9780191788291
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539543.003.0022
Subject:
Biology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

Cellular proteins have a broad range of functions that provide a springboard for understanding how cells express intelligent behaviour. The major proteins and processes in signal transduction have ... More


The Internet and the Two Cultures

Alan G. Gross and Joseph E. Harmon

in The Internet Revolution in the Sciences and Humanities

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190465926
eISBN:
9780197559635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190465926.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Educational Equipment and Technology

In a 1959 lecture delivered at Cambridge University, C. P. Snow famously argues that Western intellectual life is divided into two polar-opposite cultures—the sciences and the arts. In his view, ... More


Accuracy of the final model

David Blow

in Outline of Crystallography for Biologists

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198510512
eISBN:
9780191919244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198510512.003.0018
Subject:
Chemistry, Crystallography: Chemistry

The result of all the work described in the previous chapters will be a set of coordinates and other data suitable for deposit in the Protein Data Bank. You or I may use these coordinates, and we ... More


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