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Moral Intuitions, Cognitive Psychology, and the Harming/Not-Aiding Distinction

F. M. Kamm

in Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195189698
eISBN:
9780199851096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189698.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Previous chapters have made liberal use of intuitive judgments about cases and principles. The book has also discussed the difference of opinion between some nonconsequentialists and some ... More


A Health Capability Account of Equitable and Efficient Health Financing and Insurance

Jennifer Prah Ruger

in Health and Social Justice

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559978
eISBN:
9780191721489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559978.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter provides an alternative moral framework for analyzing health financing. In the health capability paradigm, continuous universal health insurance is essential for human flourishing. Its ... More


Risk, Biases, and Logical Fallacies

Julee T. Flood and Terry L. Leap

in Managing Risk in High-Stakes Faculty Employment Decisions

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781501728952
eISBN:
9781501728969
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501728952.003.0003
Subject:
Education, Higher Education

The wide array of risks facing institutions of higher learning is presented. Risk is a multi-faceted concept that can be addressed through avoidance, assumption, reduction, transfer, and sharing ... More


Risk and the Fog of War

Kenneth Payne

in The Psychology of Strategy: Exploring Rationality in the Vietnam War

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780190227234
eISBN:
9780190492120
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190227234.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Strategy entails making judgements about risk and probability. Humans depart from theoretical rationality in gauging risk in a number of ways, including exaggerating the likelihood of low-probability ... More


Welfare retrenchment under Left and Right government leadership: towards a consolidated framework of analysis?

Stefan Kühner

in Social Policy Review 24: Analysis and debate in social policy, 2012

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9781447304470
eISBN:
9781447307662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447304470.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter aims to add to the literature on welfare retrenchment by consolidating prospect theoretical, party competition and veto player explanations into one framework of analysis. It tests this ... More


Discriminating Numbers Allows for Better Decisions

Ellen Peters

in Innumeracy in the Wild: Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190861094
eISBN:
9780197519677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190861094.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter, “Discriminating Numbers Allows for Better Decisions,” focuses on the role of our intuitive sense of numbers in decision making. Humans have evolved beyond these intuitions about ... More


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