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Protection of Intellectual Property

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An overview is provided of the economic rationales for protection of IPRs (intellectual property rights) and the reasons behind moves to adopt multilateral rules in this area. Some of the major ... More


The International Trade Regime in Perspective

Srividhya Ragavan

in Patent and Trade Disparities in Developing Countries

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199840670
eISBN:
9780199949786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840670.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter explores the global trade regime, which viewed substantive equality as the first step towards true equality. It defines the terms substantive equality and barriers-to-trade, and then ... More


Evolution of the Hindu Code Bill

Chitra Sinha

in Debating Patriarchy: The Hindu Code Bill Controversy in India (1941–1956)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198078944
eISBN:
9780199081479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198078944.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The chapter of the book discusses the specific stages of evolution of the Hindu Code Bill and provides the base for understanding the ideological underpinnings of the discourse over the Hindu Code ... More


Intellectual Property Rights, Capacity Building, and “Informational Development” in Developing Countries

Christopher May

in Governing Global Electronic Networks: International Perspectives on Policy and Power

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262042512
eISBN:
9780262271936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262042512.003.0311
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

This chapter explores the international politics of intellectual property protection within the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It looks at ... More


Protection Amid Chaos: The Creation of Property Rights in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Nadya Hajj

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231180627
eISBN:
9780231542920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180627.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

The right to own property is something we generally take for granted. For refugees living in camps, in some cases for as long as generations, the link between citizenship and property ownership ... More


The Sanctity of Property

Kimberly M. Welch

in Black Litigants in the Antebellum American South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469636436
eISBN:
9781469636450
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469636436.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter examines lawsuits over property. Free blacks went to court with full knowledge of their rights to property, and they expected the courts to deal with them fairly and protect those ... More


Biotech Battles: Plants, Power, and Intellectual Property in the New Global Governance Regimes

Kathleen McAfee

in Engineering Trouble: Biotechnology and Its Discontents

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520237612
eISBN:
9780520937499
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520237612.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

New global environmental institutions, particularly the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, have become staging grounds for resistance to World Trade ... More


Clinical Trials Registration and Results Reporting and the Right to Health

Trudo Lemmens and Candice Telfer

in The Globalization of Health Care: Legal and Ethical Issues

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199917907
eISBN:
9780199332878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199917907.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter argues that access to information about clinical trials and the safety and effectiveness of drugs and medical devices should be recognized as a fundamental component of the right to ... More


Indigenous Communities’ Property Rights over Lands and Natural Resources Traditionally Used

Mattias Åhrén

in Indigenous Peoples' Status in the International Legal System

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198778196
eISBN:
9780191823596
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778196.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter begins by concluding that under international law, the right to property is essentially a particular aspect of the right to equality, wherefore evolved meanings of the former right will ... More


The World Trade Organization

Bernard M. Hoekman and Michel M. Kostecki

in The Political Economy of the World Trading System: WTO and Beyond

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294313
eISBN:
9780191596445
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829431X.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

An account is given of the organizational structure of the WTO (World Trade Organization), which was established as a multilateral trade organization on 1 January 1995 to encompass a modified GATT ... More


A Theory of Property Rights Formation in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Nadya Hajj

in Protection Amid Chaos: The Creation of Property Rights in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231180627
eISBN:
9780231542920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180627.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

Chapter 1 develops the central argument, defines key terms, specifies cases, and describes data sources. It provides a theory of property right formation in Palestinian refugee camps.


“I Believe That ‘the Institution’ Is Extinct”: Loyalty in the Master-Slave Relationship

Jarret Ruminski

in The Limits of Loyalty: Ordinary People in Civil War Mississippi

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781496813961
eISBN:
9781496814005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496813961.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Differing notions of loyalty among slaves and slaveholders from 1860-1865 are the subject of Chapter 5. This chapter highlights how the internal war between Mississippi slaves and slaveholders, which ... More


Prehistoric Myths in Modern Political Philosophy

Karl Widerquist and Grant S. McCall

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780748678662
eISBN:
9781474430968
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678662.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This book shows how—despite significant equivocation—the most influential justifications of government and of private property rely on the seldom-questioned empirical premise that this book calls, ... More


Formal Property Rights in Refugee Camps in Lebanon

Nadya Hajj

in Protection Amid Chaos: The Creation of Property Rights in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231180627
eISBN:
9780231542920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180627.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In Chapter 4, Palestinians discuss negotiations of property rights with Fatah, a revolutionary Palestinian political organization founded by Yasser Arafat and other key Palestinian leaders, in camps ... More


Property Rights, Fiduciary Duties, and the Control of Assets

Aruna Nair

in Claims to Traceable Proceeds: Law, Equity, and the Control of Assets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198813408
eISBN:
9780191851285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813408.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Trusts

This chapter examines the law governing the availability of claims to traceable proceeds. It argues that the language used in the case law—which uses the terminology of property rights and of ... More


The Political Backlash

Ilya Somin

in The Grasping Hand: "Kelo v. City of New London" and the Limits of Eminent Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226256603
eISBN:
9780226256740
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226256740.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the massive political backlash generated by the Kelodecision, which was in many ways greater than that which resulted from any other modern Supreme Court decision. Polls showed ... More


The Political Backlash

Ilya Somin

in The Grasping Hand: 'Kelo v. City of New London' and the Limits of Eminent Domain

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780226422169
eISBN:
9780226456829
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226456829.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter describes the massive political backlash generated by the Kelo decision, which was in many ways greater than that which resulted from any other modern Supreme Court decision. Polls ... More


Crafting Informal Property Rights in Fawdah

Nadya Hajj

in Protection Amid Chaos: The Creation of Property Rights in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231180627
eISBN:
9780231542920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180627.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In Chapter 2, refugees trace the formation of informal property rights in camps across Lebanon and Jordan. In Lebanon and Jordan, an informal system of property rights organically evolved. This ... More


Formal Property Rights in Refugee Camps in Jordan

Nadya Hajj

in Protection Amid Chaos: The Creation of Property Rights in Palestinian Refugee Camps

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780231180627
eISBN:
9780231542920
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231180627.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Conflict Politics and Policy

In Chapter 3, Palestinians brokered agreements with the Jordanian government to create a formal system of rules. Jordanians hoped to control and co-opt the refugee camps after Black September. ... More


Insecure Property Rights and Government Ownership of Firms

Yingyi Qian

in How Reform Worked in China: The Transition from Plan to Market

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262534246
eISBN:
9780262342728
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262534246.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

We develop a theory of the ownership of firms in an environment without secure property rights against state encroachment. "Private ownership" leads to excessive revenue hiding and "state ownership" ... More


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