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History, Heritage, and Scholarship, 1930–72

Robert Tobin

in The Minority Voice: Hubert Butler and Southern Irish Protestantism, 1900-1991

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199641567
eISBN:
9780191738418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199641567.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter unpacks Butler's commitment to cultural continuity amidst political change, emphasizing his insistence on the value of the Anglo‐Irish legacy to independent Ireland's development. It ... More


Governance, Management, and Resources

Robert J. Bennett

in Local Business Voice: The History of Chambers of Commerce in Britain, Ireland, and Revolutionary America, 1760-2011

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199584734
eISBN:
9780191731105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584734.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History

This chapter shows how the resources underpinning the early chambers predominantly came from subscriptions, but shifted progressively to user fees, and after the 1970s were supplemented by government ... More


The Other Chicago School: The School of Social Service Administration

Anya Jabour

in Sophonisba Breckinridge: Championing Women's Activism in Modern America

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780252042676
eISBN:
9780252051524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252042676.003.0006
Subject:
History, Social History

Chapter 5 details Breckinridge’s collaboration with Edith Abbott at the University of Chicago’s School of Social Service Administration, exploring the pair’s distinctive approach to the ... More


The Designer as Marketing Expert: European Immigrants and the Professionalization of Industrial and Graphic Design in the United States

Jan L. Logemann

in Engineered to Sell: European Émigrés and the Making of Consumer Capitalism

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226660011
eISBN:
9780226660295
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226660295.003.0008
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

While the rise of “styling,” “streamlining,” and specialized industrial design offices has been typically described as a specifically American response to the expansion of consumer markets and the ... More


Walter Besant and Copyright Reform

Mary Ann Gillies

in Walter Besant: The Business of Literature and the Pleasures of Reform

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781789620351
eISBN:
9781789623901
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620351.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

Walter Besant waged what some would call a relentless campaign for copyright reform in the last twenty-five years of the nineteenth century. At its core was an insistence on proper remuneration for ... More


Organizing for Change: Conferences, Meetings, and the Configuration of Fields

Paul-Brian McInerney

in From Social Movement to Moral Market: How the Circuit Riders Sparked an IT Revolution and Created a Technology Market

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780804785129
eISBN:
9780804789066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804785129.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Politics, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the growth of the movement and how decisions about how to organize and construct a collective identity produced unintended consequences that would change the movement’s ... More


The BSA’s Triumph: Balancing Traditional and Modern Manhood and Authority

Benjamin René Jordan

in Modern Manhood and the Boy Scouts of America: "Citizenship, Race, and the Environment, 1910-1930"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9781469627656
eISBN:
9781469627670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469627656.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Chapter 1 argues that the Boy Scouts of America triumphed over competing programs by shifting emphasis from the virile primitivism and boy autonomy that defined the Woodcraft Indians and Boy Pioneers ... More


The Fate of Scientific Naturalism: From Public Sphere to Professional Exclusivity

Theodore M. Porter

in Victorian Scientific Naturalism: Community, Identity, Continuity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226109503
eISBN:
9780226109640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226109640.003.0011
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In his influential reinterpretation of Victorian scientific naturalism, Frank Turner construed it as a tool for advancing the professionalized structure of modern science. We would do better to see ... More


Civil War Cybernetics: Medicine, Modernity, and the Intellectual Mechanics of Union

Susan-Mary Grant

in So Conceived and So Dedicated: Intellectual Life in the Civil War Era North

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823264476
eISBN:
9780823266609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264476.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Through an analysis of newspaper accounts of Union medical care and frontline and home-front medical writings this chapter seeks to draw the experiences, expectations, and perceptions of Union ... More


Introduction

Jenny M. Luke

in Delivered by Midwives: African American Midwifery in the Twentieth-Century South

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9781496818911
eISBN:
9781496818959
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496818911.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

The bulk of the introduction is devoted to identifying the scope, themes, and objectives of the book, each section and chapter being described in brief. An assessment of current maternal and infant ... More


Political parties and think tanks: policy analysis oriented toward office-seeking

Camilo Argibay, Rafaël Cos, and Anne-Cécile Douillet

in Policy Analysis in France

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781447324218
eISBN:
9781447324225
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447324218.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter examines the role played by political parties and think tanks in the development of policy analysis in France. It shows how party-based policy analysis is interwoven with inter and ... More


Folklore in Vacuo (and Other Disciplinary Predicaments)

Todd Richardson

in Implied Nowhere: Absence in Folklore Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781496822956
eISBN:
9781496823007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Mississippi
DOI:
10.14325/mississippi/9781496822956.003.0015
Subject:
Literature, Mythology and Folklore

In the form of a lyric essay, this chapter interrogates the motives and methods of mainstream folklore scholarship. The author identifies a variety of factors that discourage folklorists from taking ... More


Ebb and Flow: Evangelicals and Evolution, 1860s to 1940s

Christopher M. Rios

in After the Monkey Trial: Evangelical Scientists and a New Creationism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780823256679
eISBN:
9780823261383
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823256679.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies

This chapter explores the relationship between Christianity and evolution from the publication of Origin of Species to World War II and recalls the immediate intellectual context within which the ASA ... More


Traversing Shadow Spaces of Accountability

Britt Halvorson

in Conversionary Sites: Transforming Medical Aid and Global Christianity from Madagascar to Minnesota

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226557120
eISBN:
9780226557434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226557434.003.0006
Subject:
Anthropology, African Cultural Anthropology

This chapter charts how aid accountability in Christian aid partnerships selectively combines neoliberal and biblical reasoning on what it means to be morally accountable, creating an emerging, ... More


“A Grave Evil and Danger”: Postwar “Campaigns” against Bribery

James Heinzen

in The Art of the Bribe: Corruption Under Stalin, 1943-1953

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780300175257
eISBN:
9780300224764
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300175257.003.0006
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

As chapter 5 shows, beginning in mid-1943 and accelerating in the following years, concern was building among law enforcement and party authorities that bribery was becoming more prevalent. A postwar ... More


Healing the War-Disabled: The Re-Orientation of German Orthopaedics

Heather R. Perry

in Recycling the disabled: Army, medicine, and modernity in WWI Germany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780719089244
eISBN:
9781781707982
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719089244.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Chapter one begins with an examination of the social and medical programs for disabled adults in Imperial Germany and outlines how the introduction of social insurance in the 1880s divided Germany’s ... More


Tales of Conversion and Call

John Hayes

in Hard, Hard Religion: Interracial Faith in the Poor South

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469635323
eISBN:
9781469635330
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469635323.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explores two interrelated oral forms: conversion and call narratives. It establishes that they were cultural productions of the New South era, and that they wove elements of African and ... More


The Reasons of a Passion

Thomas Dodman

in What Nostalgia Was: War, Empire, and the Time of a Deadly Emotion

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780226492803
eISBN:
9780226493138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226493138.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Ideas

Nostalgia became a thing in the Age of Enlightenment, in the writings and actions of physicians and philosophes who heard about this mysterious Swiss illness. Across Europe and the North Atlantic, ... More


The Early Origins of Ethnic Insularity and Racial Exclusion in the New York City Fire Department

David Goldberg

in Black Firefighters and the FDNY: The Struggle for Jobs, Justice, and Equity in New York City

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781469633626
eISBN:
9781469633633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633626.003.0002
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter discusses how the FDNY’s cultural of insularity evolved during the 19th Century as the department shifted from volunteerism and became professionalized. The chapter also chronicles how ... More


Playing by Ear

Deborah Blythe Doroshow

in Emotionally Disturbed: A History of Caring for America's Troubled Children

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226621432
eISBN:
9780226621579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226621579.003.0004
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the roles of adults at residential treatment centers (RTCs). Child guidance clinics had depended on the triad of psychiatrist, psychologist, and social worker, who operated ... More


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