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Japanese Law

Hiroshi Oda

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.001.1
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This text contains the latest edition of this book. It covers the basis of the Japanese legal system, the civil code, business related laws, and other laws including criminal law and procedure, and ... More


Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Graham Bullock

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.001.0001
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

A debate has emerged recently about the role of information in environmental politics. Much of this debate has focused on the emergence and effectiveness of product eco-labels and corporate ... More


Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Richard Firn

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Natural Products (NPs) is the term used to describe the hundreds of thousands of chemical compounds or substances that are continually produced by living organisms (plants and microbes). Hundreds of ... More


The Genetic Modification of NP Pathways—Possible Opportunities and Possible Pitfalls

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Natural Products are such an important part of the world's economy that it was inevitable that academic and industrial scientists would cast their eyes over the organisms making NPs, and consider how ... More


What Are Natural Products?

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

All organisms are made up of chemicals. There is a common collection of several hundreds of substances that are produced by all living organisms. However, hundreds of thousands of different chemicals ... More


The Importance of NPs in Human Affairs

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter shows how human obsession for certain NPs (e.g. coffee, tea, spices, morphine, cocaine, hops, quinine, etc.) has influenced world history. If one looks at NPs as a group rather than each ... More


Why Do Organisms Make NPs?

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter discusses why organisms make Natural Products. The most widely accepted model, the Chemical Co-evolution Model, proposed that the interactions between a plant species and insects (which ... More


NPs, Chemicals and the Environment

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The organisms that make Natural Products have been producing tens of thousands of different chemicals, totalling billions of tonnes every year, for billions of years. Hence, organisms have evolved to ... More


Natural Products and the Pharmaceutical Industry

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

Natural Products have been exploited by humans as a means of treating illness, ailments and infections throughout recorded human history. Worldwide, NPs are still of major importance in health care. ... More


The Chemical Interactions between Organisms

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

This chapter focuses on the important role of Natural Products in determining the interactions between individuals (of the same or of different species) that cohabit an area. The interactions between ... More


The Evolution of Metabolism

Richard Firn

in Nature's Chemicals: The Natural Products that shaped our world

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199566839
eISBN:
9780191721700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566839.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

In biology, many long-held categorisations were finally abandoned because they were no longer productive or meaningful, or they lacked an adequate evolutionary underpinning. This chapter presents a ... More


The Mismanagement of Product Development

Solly Angel

in The Tale of the Scale: An Odyssey of Invention

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195158687
eISBN:
9780199849826
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158687.003.0017
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

Solly Angel met with Ziggy Zee to discuss the new venture he proposed. He believed that there was still hope for the thin scale. Ziggy proposed that the two of them develop and design the scale ... More


Structuralism

Sotirios A. Barber and James E. Fleming

in Constitutional Interpretation: The Basic Questions

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195328578
eISBN:
9780199855339
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328578.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Structuralists contend that interpreters can avoid moral judgments in hard cases by reflecting on the structures of government, i.e., the Constitution's overall arrangement of offices, powers, and ... More


Delivering Green: The Communication of the Information

Graham Bullock

in Green Grades: Can Information Save the Earth?

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780262036429
eISBN:
9780262340984
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036429.003.0005
Subject:
Environmental Science, Environmental Studies

Chapter 5 begins with a vignette about a corporate executive tasked with turning round her firm’s sustainability reputation. She must develop a holistic strategy for communicating the company’s ... More


From Forester to Professor

Michael J Lannoo

in Leopold's Shack and Ricketts's Lab: The Emergence of Environmentalism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520264786
eISBN:
9780520946064
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520264786.003.0003
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

On July 19, 1909, Aldo Leopold was appointed as forest assistant at the Apache National Forest just outside Springerville, in the Arizona Territory. During the two decades he spent with the U.S. ... More


The heretics in the house

Matthew Eagleton-Pierce

in Symbolic Power in the World Trade Organization

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199662647
eISBN:
9780191748424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662647.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics, Political Economy

This second case study examines a labour-intensive struggle by the G33 WTO coalition to conceptualise and codify new ideas related to special and differentiated treatment (SDT) in agricultural trade. ... More


“This is no group of long-haired scientists”

Jonathan E. Lewis

in Spy Capitalism: ITEK and the CIA

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300091922
eISBN:
9780300129052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300091922.003.0012
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains that the annual meeting of the National Federation of Science Abstracting Indexing Services was not the typical venue for an important speech. Information technology was forcing ... More


“I am today forming a new corporate management team”

Jonathan E. Lewis

in Spy Capitalism: ITEK and the CIA

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300091922
eISBN:
9780300129052
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300091922.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on why Itek's board of directors held a special meeting to discuss proposed changes in Itek's management structure. At Itek's board meeting, Duncan Bruce presented a revised ... More


King of Selling: The Rise and Fall of S. B. Fuller

Clovis E. Semmes

in Building the Black Metropolis: African American Entrepreneurship in Chicago

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780252041426
eISBN:
9780252050022
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5622/illinois/9780252041426.003.0006
Subject:
History, African-American History

S.B. Fuller was one of the most successful black entrepreneurs of the twentieth century. Early on, he primarily catered to black consumers through his Fuller Products Company, a door-to-door direct ... More


Safeguards

Petros C. Mavroidis

in The Regulation of International Trade: The WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262029995
eISBN:
9780262333719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter discusses safeguards, the third contingent protection instrument available under the WTO discipline. Under the WTO, safeguards is the contingent protection instrument aimed at protecting ... More


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