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British Management Developments from the 1940s

Edward Brech, Andrew Thomson, and John F. Wilson

in Lyndall Urwick, Management Pioneer: A Biography

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199541966
eISBN:
9780191715433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541966.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Business History, Strategy

This chapter covers a period when several British management institutions were initiated and Urwick played a key role in most of them. Urwick's Chairmanship of the Education Committee of the ... More


Americanization: Ideology or Process? The Case of the United States Technical Assistance and Productivity Programme

Jacqueline McGlade

in Americanization and Its Limits: Reworking US Technology and Management in Post-war Europe and Japan

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199269044
eISBN:
9780191717123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269044.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter examines the New Left argument that the Marshall Plan evolved out of the corporatist framework of American foreign economic policy-making set before the Second World War. It also ... More


Afterword: What the Author Thinks

Nayan B. Ruparelia

in Cloud Computing

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262529099
eISBN:
9780262334129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262529099.003.0012
Subject:
Computer Science, Programming Languages

This chapter discusses some economic, moral, and social issues that technology, IT, and especially cloud computing bring up. Many of these issues are intractable, and this chapter’s objective is to ... More


Introduction

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter introduces the problem of productivity: How do language learners determine which potential generalizations can actually be used to create novel expressions in their language and which ... More


English Derivational Morphology: Productivity, Processing, and Ordering

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter reviews the empirical and theoretical literatures on English derivational morphology—in preparation for the simulation results presented in the following chapter. This chapter is divided ... More


English Derivational Morphology: Simulations

Timothy J. O’Donnell

in Productivity and Reuse In Language: A Theory of Linguistic Computation and Storage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028844
eISBN:
9780262326803
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028844.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents simulation results for English derivational morphology. The first part of the chapter gives a general overview of the modeling assumptions used for the simulations of the ... More


Trends in Income Distribution

Matthew P. Drennan

in Income Inequality: Why It Matters and Why Most Economists Didn't Notice

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780300209587
eISBN:
9780300216349
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300209587.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Labor’s declining share of national income. Rise of the one percent among wage earners. Disconnect between productivity growth and wage growth post 1980. Stagnant incomes for most households.


Productivity Growth in Higher Education

Robert B. Archibald and David H. Feldman

in Why Does College Cost So Much?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199744503
eISBN:
9780199866168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744503.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter analyzes the possibilities for productivity growth in higher education. Distance education using the Internet is growing quite rapidly, and this new technology could represent a major ... More


Art and the Artist

Alex Belsey and Alex Belsey

in Image of a Man: The Journal of Keith Vaughan

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781789620290
eISBN:
9781789623574
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620290.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

This chapter explores how Keith Vaughan overcame his disillusionment in the early 1940s and revived his hopes of being a painter through engagements with art theory that enabled him to construct ... More


The journey experience

Juliet Jain and William Clayton

in Transport Matters

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781447329558
eISBN:
9781447329602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447329558.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Population and Demography

Travel is more than getting from A to B: it is an experience. How people use their time, and how their time use shapes experience, has been subject to enquiry over the last 15 years. This chapter ... More


Productivity and the Bonus Culture

Andrew Smithers

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198836117
eISBN:
9780191873461
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198836117.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Living standards in the UK and the US are in danger of falling. In the past change has brought disruption with the offsetting reward of higher living standards from growth. Today we have disruption ... More


Capital in the Nineteenth Century

Robert E. Gallman and Paul W. Rhode

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226633114
eISBN:
9780226633251
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226633251.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

A nation’s capital stock is widely recognized as a crucial determinant of the productivity of its workers and the standard of living of its citizens. Tracking the evolution of capital is therefore a ... More


Masculinity

Ward Keeler

in The Traffic in Hierarchy: Masculinity and Its Others in Buddhist Burma

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780824865948
eISBN:
9780824876944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824865948.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Buddhism

Connell’s famous account of “hegemonic” masculinity requires some qualification in light of the fact that in Burma a man wins respect by fulfilling either of two roles: as a male householder or as a ... More


Remaking workplace trade unionism, 1968–75

Jack Saunders

in Assembling Cultures: Workplace Activism, Labour Militancy and Cultural Change in Britain's Car Factories, 1945-82

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781526133397
eISBN:
9781526146649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526133403.00010
Subject:
Sociology, Occupations, Professions, and Work

In the eyes of motor firms, industrial relations experts and politicians, the industrial relations that emerged in the 1960s were extremely disruptive, imposing unplanned wage costs and generating ... More


Can an ICS Architecture Meet the Systematicity and Productivity Challenges?

Brian P. McLaughlin

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

After spelling out the systematicity challenge to connectionism, I examine Paul Smolensky and Géraldine Legendre's attempt to meet the challenge by appeal to a kind of architecture that they label ... More


Managerial Characteristics and the Export Decision of Firms 

Davide Sala and Erdal Yalcin

in Firms in the International Economy: Firm Heterogeneity Meets International Business

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019743
eISBN:
9780262314473
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019743.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Fixed costs and productivity are well known variables to explain market entry decisions. This chapter adds ‘managerial input’ to the key variables of the Melitz (2003) model.


The Inevitability of Rules

Charles Yang

in The Price of Linguistic Productivity: How Children Learn to Break the Rules of Language

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035323
eISBN:
9780262336376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035323.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

A review of statistical facts of language especially morphology and children’s acquisition of morphology with focus on productivity. Contrary to popular beliefs, productivity should be understood as ... More


A Prototype BEA / BLS Industry-Level Production Account for the United States

Susan Fleck, Steven Rosenthal, Matthew Russell, Erich H. Strassner, and Lisa Usher

in Measuring Economic Sustainability and Progress

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226121338
eISBN:
9780226121475
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226121475.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

GDP by industry statistics provide detailed information on the industry sources of aggregate value added growth, but do not include estimates of the contributions of capital and labor inputs and ... More


Restructuring Russian Industry

Chris Miller

in Putinomics: Power and Money in Resurgent Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469640662
eISBN:
9781469640679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640662.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

As the macroeconomic environment stabilized, business rushed to invest. Westerners often focus on ‘capital flight’ out of Russia, but the reality is that the 2000s were a boom period for investment ... More


Wages and Welfare

Chris Miller

in Putinomics: Power and Money in Resurgent Russia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781469640662
eISBN:
9781469640679
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640662.003.0006
Subject:
History, World Modern History

As Russia’s firms got more productive, living standards shot up. For one thing, companies started offering far more variety. The consumer paradise that advocates of a market economy had promised ... More


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