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Origins of the Code

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter traces the origins of film censorship in the US from 1910 onward. It documents the rise of public concern over movie sex and violence and traces the manner in which pressures from ... More


A Movie Problem

John Sbardellati

in J. Edgar Hoover Goes to the Movies: The FBI and the Origins of Hollywood's Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450082
eISBN:
9780801464218
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450082.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines the “movie problem” during the 1920s and 1930s, when political battles for control of the screen focused first on issues of labor and class, and then, as fascism threatened ... More


Quiet Americans: The CIA and Hollywood in the Early Cold War

Simon Willmetts

in In Secrecy's Shadow: The OSS and CIA in Hollywood Cinema 1941-1979

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780748692996
eISBN:
9781474421935
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748692996.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The CIA was established in 1947, but it did not appear in a Hollywood film until Alfred Hitchcock’s North by Northwest in 1959. Why? This chapter explains Hollywood’s long silence on American foreign ... More


Art and Freedom in the Era of “The Church of Your Choice”

Una M. Cadegan

in All Good Books Are Catholic Books: Print Culture, Censorship, and Modernity in Twentieth-Century America

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451126
eISBN:
9780801468988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451126.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter examines efforts by Catholics to influence the content of American popular culture, such as motion pictures and all-fiction “pulp” magazines. It first discusses the perceptions of ... More


The Autumn of the Patriarchs

Barry Langford

in Post-Classical Hollywood: Film Industry, Style and Ideology since 1945

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748638574
eISBN:
9780748671076
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748638574.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Hollywood film industry at the end of World War II was very lightly regulated. Yet a variety of forms of regulation played a vital role in sustaining the intricate and profitable mechanisms of ... More


The British Gaumont Thrillers

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the seven thrillers created by Hitchcock in Britain just before he left for America: The Man Who Knew Too Much, The 39 Steps, Secret Agent, Sabotage, Young and Innocent, The ... More


Saboteur (1942)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the influence of Production Code censors and wartime conditions on the production of Saboteur. War with Germany freed moviemakers from the shackles of the Neutrality Act, so ... More


Crime Films during the Period of the Production Code Administration

Todd Berliner

in Hollywood Aesthetic: Pleasure in American Cinema

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190658748
eISBN:
9780190658786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190658748.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 8 demonstrates the ways in which ideological constraints in studio-era Hollywood shaped the aesthetic properties of an entire body of crime films, now commonly known as film noir. The ... More


Conclusion

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0044
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The conclusion summarizes Hitchcock’s experiences, strategies, and priorities in dealing with censorship to produce suspenseful thrillers. By the end of his career, Hitchcock was manipulating the ... More


Suspicion (1941)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter reviews the influence of the Production Code and marketing considerations on the Cary Grant vehicle Suspicion. Marketing considerations dictated that Grant could not be a murderer, as ... More


Notorious (1946)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Notorious is one of the few Hitchcock films that were actually improved by the involvement of the Production code. Code censors objected to the original plot, in which a woman of loose reputation is ... More


Hitchcock in Ascendance

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0025
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes Hitchcock’s working relationships during his most productive years as a director. Under terms negotiated by his agent, Lew Wasserman, ownership of the films he directed for ... More


North by Northwest (1959)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0032
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

North by Northwest chronicles a cross-country chase in which Cary Grant is mistakenly identified as a spy and pursued by spies and police from the UN building in New York to Mount Rushmore in South ... More


The Birds (1963)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0034
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Production Code Administration insisted that Hitchcock submit to the oversight of the American Humane Association during the filming of The Birds, and the Humane Association had a greater impact ... More


I Confess (1953)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0023
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

I Confess is based on a 1902 play in which a priest, after hearing the confession of a murderer, is himself accused of the crime and, unwilling to break the seal of the confessional and reveal the ... More


“A Dear Dame”

Brent Phillips

in Charles Walters: The Director Who Made Hollywood Dance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147215
eISBN:
9780813151502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147215.003.0015
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter explores homophobia in Hollywood, with some of Walters’ associates sharing their memories about the treatment of homosexuals in the movie industry in the 1950s. Walters begins ... More


Torn Curtain (1966)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0036
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

When he made Torn Curtain in 1966, Hitchcock was sixty-six, the Production Code was thirty-six, and both were in decline. The curtain of the title is the Iron Curtain, and Paul Newman plays a nuclear ... More


Vertigo (1958)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0031
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Vertigo received mixed reviews on its initial release, but a 2012 poll of film critics rated it the best film of all time. During script preparation and filming, the Production Code Administration ... More


Psycho (1960)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0033
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The shower stabbing of Janet Leigh in Psycho is one of the most famous scenes in movie history. The Production Code office had problems with this scene, as well as the noontime lovemaking between ... More


Shadow of a Doubt (1943)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0012
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the impact of external forces on the film Hitchcock often claimed to be his personal favorite. The Production Code office found little fault with the tale of a serial killer ... More


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