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The Past as Prologue

Richard Barrios

in A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377347
eISBN:
9780199864577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377347.003.0018
Subject:
Music, Popular

With 1934 and the newly enforced Motion Picture Production Code, the musical left behind its older, more haphazard identity for a streamlined, often trivial future. Films such as Wonder Bar and ... More


Freedom of the Screen: Legal Challenges to State Film Censorship, 1915-1981

Laura Wittern-Keller

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813124513
eISBN:
9780813134901
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813124513.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The proliferation of movies at the turn of the twentieth century attracted not only the attention of audiences across America, but also the apprehensive eyes of government officials and special ... More


A Song in the Dark: The Birth of the Musical Film

Richard Barrios

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195377347
eISBN:
9780199864577
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195377347.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Popular

This book chronicles the birth and early years of an art form — the musical film. When sound came to film in the 1920s, musicals led the way as the testing ground upon which sound film proved itself ... More


Movie Consulting—Protestant Style

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Events in the late 1950s that led the National Council of Churches to seek a new role for the church role in Hollywood are the concern of this chapter. To engage the media industries, a new ... More


Protestants and Hollywood at the Crossroads

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows that in the early 1930s Protestant leaders sought a national policy that was not aimed at curbing artistic expression, but at opening the market for movies of high moral and ... More


The Rise of the Rating System

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0040
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The comprehensive movie rating system arrived in November 1968, when Jack Valenti scuttled the Production Code and replaced it with a four-letter system (G, M, R, and X) designed to provide parental ... More


Hitchcock and the Censors

John Billheimer

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.001.0001
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The Motion Picture Production Code controlled the content and final cut on all films made and distributed in the US from 1934 to 1968. Code officials protected sensitive ears from the standard ... More


And the Winner Is: The Protestant Film Awards

William D. Romanowski

in Reforming Hollywood: How American Protestants Fought for Freedom at the Movies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195387841
eISBN:
9780199950188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387841.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The focus of this chapter is twofold. First, to change industry perceptions, the Broadcasting and Film Commission launched a high-profile film awards program that would become the public face of the ... More


Origins of the Code

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0002
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter traces the origins of film censorship in the US from 1910 onward. It documents the rise of public concern over movie sex and violence and traces the manner in which pressures from ... More


Censors at Work

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter views the Production Code Administration through the eyes of the censors employed by the administration, documenting their approach to reviewing film sources, scripts, and completed ... More


Better Left Unsaid: Victorian Novels, Hays Code Films, and the Benefits of Censorship

Nora Gilbert

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780804784207
eISBN:
9780804784870
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804784207.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This book is in the unseemly position of defending censorship from the central allegations that are traditionally leveled against it. Taking two genres generally presumed to have been stymied by the ... More


The British Gaumont Thrillers

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the seven thrillers created by Hitchcock in Britain just before he left for America: The Man Who Knew Too Much, The 39 Steps, Secret Agent, Sabotage, Young and Innocent, The ... More


Conclusion

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0044
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The conclusion summarizes Hitchcock’s experiences, strategies, and priorities in dealing with censorship to produce suspenseful thrillers. By the end of his career, Hitchcock was manipulating the ... More


“The Edge of Unacceptability”: Preston Sturges and the PCA

Matthew H. Bernstein

in Refocus: the Films of Preston Sturges

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474406550
eISBN:
9781474416146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474406550.003.0004
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter poses one of the most fascinating questions about Sturges’s career: how did he manage to insert so much sexual innuendo in his comedies of the 1940s, given the notorious vigilance of ... More


Hitchcock in Ascendance

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0025
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter describes Hitchcock’s working relationships during his most productive years as a director. Under terms negotiated by his agent, Lew Wasserman, ownership of the films he directed for ... More


North by Northwest (1959)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0032
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

North by Northwest chronicles a cross-country chase in which Cary Grant is mistakenly identified as a spy and pursued by spies and police from the UN building in New York to Mount Rushmore in South ... More


Blackface and Wigs: Men Take over Stunts

Mollie Gregory

in Stuntwomen: The Untold Hollywood Story

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780813166223
eISBN:
9780813166759
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813166223.003.0003
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

Movies projected women’s “proper place”: they did not come to anyone’s rescue; they were wives and mothers. Stuntwomen’s work decreased. Labor unions and guilds were formed—the Screen Actors Guild, ... More


Spoiled Spinster

Brent Phillips

in Charles Walters: The Director Who Made Hollywood Dance

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780813147215
eISBN:
9780813151502
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813147215.003.0024
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

In this chapter, Walters’ tries his hand at directing a physiological drama, Two Loves (1961) starring Shirley MacLaine. On-going concern from studio chief Sol C. Siegel eliminates a sexually-charged ... More


Suspicion (1941)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter reviews the influence of the Production Code and marketing considerations on the Cary Grant vehicle Suspicion. Marketing considerations dictated that Grant could not be a murderer, as ... More


Saboteur (1942)

John Billheimer

in Hitchcock and the Censors

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780813177427
eISBN:
9780813177441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813177427.003.0011
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter examines the influence of Production Code censors and wartime conditions on the production of Saboteur. War with Germany freed moviemakers from the shackles of the Neutrality Act, so ... More


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