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A Theory of Presentism

Craig Bourne

in A Future for Presentism

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199212804
eISBN:
9780191707094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212804.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

I begin by laying down three conditions which any theory of time should meet: it should accord with our view that certain statements about the past are true; that the truthmakers for those statements ... More


The Agrippan Argument and Two Forms of Skepticism

Michael Williams

in Pyrrhonian Skepticism

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195169720
eISBN:
9780199786343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195169727.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay argues that the Pyrrhonian regress argument presupposes a Prior Grounding conception of justification. This is contrasted with a Default and Challenge structure, which leads to a ... More


Structural Properties

Alexander Bird

in Nature's Metaphysics: Laws and Properties

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199227013
eISBN:
9780191711121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227013.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Geometrical and other properties that may be labelled ‘structural’ are held up as examples of properties that are not potencies, but are categorical properties. The debate between Mellor and Prior is ... More


Facts and Propositions

Michael Dummett

in Thought and Reality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199207275
eISBN:
9780191708749
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207275.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter begins with an explanation of facts and propositions. It considers the alternative view of Frege, namely that facts, though genuine entities, inhabit a quite special sector of reality. ... More


The Miracles of St Frideswide of Oxford

Simon Yarrow

in Saints and their Communities: Miracle Stories in Twelfth-Century England

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199283637
eISBN:
9780191712685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199283637.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History, History of Religion

St Frideswide is among a number of saints who exercised the imaginations of their custodian communities in the two decades on either side of the year 1200. The hagiography of this period reflects an ... More


Personhood and Logical Ability

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that all persons must possess certain logical concepts—conjunction, conditionality, disjunction, negation, and quantification—and must be able to grasp certain valid inferences and ... More


Omniscience and the Future

Paul Helm

in Eternal God: A Study of God without Time

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199590391
eISBN:
9780191595516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199590391.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The alternative hypothesis, that God is in time, is explored. Does it fare any better over problems of indexicality and divine foreknowledge? Is such a God's lack of foreknowledge of free actions ... More


Cases of Non-Resignation: Political Circumstances and Constitutional Obligations

DIANA WOODHOUSE

in Ministers and Parliament: Accountability in Theory and Practice

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278924
eISBN:
9780191684265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278924.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, UK Politics

The invasion of the Falkland Islands led directly to the resignation of Lord Carrington, Richard Luce, and Humphrey Atkins from the Foreign Office, but John Nott, Secretary of State for Defence, ... More


Ramsey on truth and meaning

Ian Rumfitt

in Episteme, etc.: Essays in Honour of Jonathan Barnes

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199696482
eISBN:
9780191738036
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199696482.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

This chapter develops F. P. Ramsey's theory of truth. Everyone knows that Ramsey had a theory of truth. Rather fewer people know that the theory came in two significantly different versions, and that ... More


The Dispositional-Categorical Distinction

Stephen Mumford

in Dispositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199259823
eISBN:
9780191698637
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259823.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter considers the contrasts that are drawn between dispositions and occurrences, structures and categorical properties. The second section presents the first objection to the orthodox view ... More


Aristotelian modality (I)

Sarah Waterlow

in Passage and Possibility: A Study of Aristotle's Modal Concepts

Published in print:
1982
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246565
eISBN:
9780191681011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246565.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In Prior Analytics I.13, 32a18–20, Aristotle notes: ‘I say that the possible is that which is not necessary, but which, if we suppose it the case, has no impossible consequences’. Later he speaks as ... More


Note on the Practical Syllogism

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The expression ‘practical syllogism’ is used by commentators on Aristotle as a name for a process in which a rule is applied to a concrete situation, the application consisting in the thinker's doing ... More


Plantinga on the Reduction of Possibilist Discourse

Kit Fine

in Modality and Tense: Philosophical Papers

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199278701
eISBN:
9780191603105
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199278709.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter critically examines Plantinga’s version of modal actualism, and his arguments against Prior’s version of modal actualism.


Aristotle: Explanation and the World

R. J. Hankinson

in Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246564
eISBN:
9780191597572
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199246564.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

In this chapter, Hankinson examines Aristotle's philosophy of science, or the logical structure of explanation as set out in the Posterior Analytics, and which is based on the theory of the syllogism ... More


Transparent Parametrizations of Models for Potential Outcomes

Thomas S. Richardson, Robin J. Evans, and James M. Robins

in Bayesian Statistics 9

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199694587
eISBN:
9780191731921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694587.003.0019
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

We consider causal models involving three binary variables: a randomized assignment Z, an exposure measure X, and a final response Y. We focus particular attention on the situation in which there may ... More


Just Supposing: Locke's Essay concerning Human Understanding

FRED PARKER

in Scepticism and Literature: An Essay on Pope, Hume, Sterne, and Johnson

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199253180
eISBN:
9780191719189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199253180.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

This chapter expounds the double attitude toward scepticism — both hostile and hospitable — carried by the empirical epistemology of Locke's Essay. Contemporary responses (by Swift, Berkeley, Prior, ... More


Dispositional and Categorical Properties

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

One popular view of dispositions turns them into ‘higher‐level’ properties with categorical ‘realizers’. The position is motivated in part by the belief that the same disposition can have different ... More


Time

Theodore Sider

in Writing the Book of the World

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199697908
eISBN:
9780191732096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697908.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The concept of structure helps clarify what is at stake in the notoriously obscure debate over whether time passes. One issue ‐ that of presentism ‐ is ontological, and thus is a substantive one ... More


Ultimate Explanation and Prior Probability

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Suppose for the sake of argument that theism is a meaningful and coherent theory with predictive power. Then we should wonder how probable it is that theism is true, given the total evidence for and ... More


Cosmological Arguments

Herman Philipse

in God in the Age of Science?: A Critique of Religious Reason

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199697533
eISBN:
9780191738470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697533.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Inductive cosmological arguments are prima facie more promising for the natural theologian than deductive arguments, such as the Kalam cosmological argument, which is not sound. In the cosmological ... More


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