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Kant’s Critique of Spinoza

Omri Boehm

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354801
eISBN:
9780199354825
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354801.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is commonly assumed that Kant never seriously engaged with Spinoza or Spinozism—certainly not before the break of the Pantheismusstreit, certainly not within the Critique of Pure Reason. Offering ... More


The Price of an Ultimate Theory

Nicholas Rescher

in Nature and Understanding: The Metaphysics and Method of Science

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199261826
eISBN:
9780191698781
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261826.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the need for an ultimate theory that will improve understanding of nature. According to the Principle of Sufficient Reason, every fact about the world is explicable on the ... More


The One Possible Basis, the Ideal of Pure Reason and Kant’s Regulative Spinozism

Omri Boehm

in Kant’s Critique of Spinoza

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354801
eISBN:
9780199354825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354801.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Kant’s pre-critical demonstration of God’s existence, elaborated in the “One Possible Basis,” is analyzed. It is argued that the argument Kant provides, drawing on the application of the Principle of ... More


Primary Truths

Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra

in Leibniz’s Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198712664
eISBN:
9780191781018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712664.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter is a discussion of Leibniz’s argument for the Identity of Indiscernibles in Primary Truths, where Leibniz derives the Identity of Indiscernibles from the Principle of Sufficient Reason. ... More


The Causa Sui and the Ontological Argument, or the Principle of Sufficient Reason and the Is-Ought Distinction

Omri Boehm

in Kant’s Critique of Spinoza

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354801
eISBN:
9780199354825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354801.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Spinoza’s causa sui poses a challenge to Kant’s attack on rational cosmology, and thereby to his attack on metaphysical rationalism as a whole. The chapter suggests the Kantian response, namely that ... More


The Ends of Explanation

Bryan Magee

in The Philosophy of Schopenhauer

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237228
eISBN:
9780191706233
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237227.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Investigates the contents of Schopenhauer's first book On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason. This is devoted to the nature of explanation. It concludes that all events in the ... More


The Third Antinomy and Spinoza

Omri Boehm

in Kant’s Critique of Spinoza

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199354801
eISBN:
9780199354825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199354801.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

It is argued that the Antithesis of the third Antinomy, drawing on an argument from the Principle of Sufficient Reason in excluding freedom, represents Spinozist metaphysics (not Leibnizian, as ... More


The correspondence with Clarke

Gonzalo Rodriguez-Pereyra

in Leibniz’s Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780198712664
eISBN:
9780191781018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712664.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Leibniz’s argument for the Identity of Indiscernibles in the correspondence with Clarke. Here Leibniz uses the Principle of Sufficient Reason in a different way to derive the ... More


Cosmological and Design Arguments

Alexander R. Pruss and Richard M. Gale

in The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195138092
eISBN:
9780199835348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195138090.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

The cosmological and teleological argument both start with some contingent feature of the actual world and argue that the best or only explanation of that feature is that it was produced by an ... More


Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Martin Lin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198834151
eISBN:
9780191879043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834151.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Being and Reason, Martin Lin offers a new interpretation of Spinoza’s core metaphysical doctrines with attention to how and why, in Spinoza, metaphysical notions are entangled with cognitive, ... More


The Existence of Alpha

Norman Kretzmann

in The Metaphysics of Theism: Aquinas's Natural Theology in Summa contra gentiles I

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199246533
eISBN:
9780191597886
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924653X.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Without a good argument as yet for the existence of God or anything else that might count as the universal first source of being and assuming that there is an answer to the question, why is there ... More


Metaphysical Rationalism

Martin Lin

in Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198834151
eISBN:
9780191879043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834151.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores the meaning of Spinoza’s Principle of Sufficient Reason (the PSR) and the role it plays in his system. Some commentators have argued that Spinoza’s PSR applies to every truth ... More


Inherence, Causation, and Conception

Yitzhak Y. Melamed

in Spinoza's Metaphysics: Substance and Thought

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780195394054
eISBN:
9780199347476
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195394054.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, History of Philosophy

In the third chapter I address Michael Della Rocca's recent suggestion that a strict endorsement of the Principle of Sufficient Reason leads to the identification of the relations of inherence, ... More


God

Martin Lin

in Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198834151
eISBN:
9780191879043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834151.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter offers reconstructions of Spinoza’s four arguments for the existence of God. Among the lessons learned from these reconstructions is that, although Spinoza’s first argument is often ... More


Brute Facts about Emergence

John Symons

in Brute Facts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explores the relationship between the concept of emergence, the goal of theoretical completeness, and the Principle of Sufficient Reason. Samuel Alexander and C. D. Broad argued for ... More


The Desiderata of Perfection

Samuel Newlands

in Reconceiving Spinoza

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198817260
eISBN:
9780191858789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817260.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The first chapter opens with a challenge that any serious monist must face, one that Spinoza himself raised: how can a monist account for the world’s apparent diversity? It argues that Spinoza faces ... More


The Provenance of Consciousness

Gerald Vision

in Brute Facts

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2018
ISBN:
9780198758600
eISBN:
9780191818523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198758600.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

Unlike brute ‘entities’, if conscious states (c-states) are brute, it will be a consequence of their primitive—viz., not admitting further elaboration—connection to their material base, what is ... More


Meillassoux against the Principle of Reason: An Ontology of Factiality

Tyler Tritten

in The Contingency of Necessity: Reason and God as Matters of Fact

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781474428194
eISBN:
9781474438643
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474428194.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

While Meillassoux has famously argued for the necessity of contingency, this chapter offers a critique of Meillassoux in order to pose the possibility of the contingency of necessity. An alternative ... More


Spinoza, the Will, and the Ontology of Power

John Carriero

in The Young Spinoza: A Metaphysician in the Making

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780199971657
eISBN:
9780199346127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199971657.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter tries to come to terms with Spinoza’s intriguing, but difficult, claim in the Short Treatise that the will is not a “real thing” but is rather a “being of reason.” Spinoza develops this ... More


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