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Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

M. Kathryn Brown and George J. III Bey (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Pathways to Complexity synthesizes a wealth of new archaeological data to illuminate the origins of Maya civilization and the rise of Classic Maya culture. In this volume, prominent Maya scholars ... More


Introduction

M. Kathryn Brown and George J. Bey III

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This introduction to the edited volume by Brown and Bey summarizes past research on the Preclassic Maya and discusses an explosion of new information from the last fifteen years pushing back the ... More


Conclusion: Charting the Pathways to Complexity in the Maya Lowlands

M. Kathryn Brown and George J. Bey III

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0016
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In this concluding chapter, Brown and Bey summarize the contributions to the volume and provide an updated synthesis of the development of ancient Maya civilization from the Preceramic to the Middle ... More


The First Settlers on Chetumal Bay

Kathryn Reese-Taylor

in Perspectives on the Ancient Maya of Chetumal Bay

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780813062792
eISBN:
9780813051758
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062792.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Chapter 2 reviews recent data on the original settlement of the Chetumal Bay region. There is evidence for habitation in northern Belize during the Archaic and Preceramic periods on Progresso Lagoon ... More


Agriculture and Monumentality in the Soconusco Region of Chiapas, Mexico

Robert M. Rosenswig

in Early New World Monumentality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038087
eISBN:
9780813043128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Using the site of Cuauhtémoc in the Soconusco as a starting point, I examine the earliest monumental architecture in Mesoamerica. In 1600 bce, Cuauhtémoc began an 800-year occupation as a local ... More


Early Olmec Wetland Mounds: Investing Energy to Produce Energy

Ann Cyphers and Judith Zurita-Noguera

in Early New World Monumentality

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813038087
eISBN:
9780813043128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813038087.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter surveys specific types of early monumental constructions at the regional Olmec capital of San Lorenzo, Veracruz, and their temporal relationship to the evidence for social and economic ... More


Agricultural Practices at Chan: Farming and Political Economy In an Ancient Maya Community

Cynthia Robin

in Chan: An Ancient Maya Farming Community

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813039831
eISBN:
9780813043753
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813039831.003.0004
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter explores the terrace agriculture and complex agricultural practices of Maya farmers at Chan. Stratigraphic excavations illustrate that terrace agriculture at Chan has a long history ... More


Time to Rule: Celestial Observation and Appropriation among the Early Maya

William A. Saturno, Boris Beltrán, and Franco D. Rossi

in Maya E Groups: Calendars, Astronomy, and Urbanism in the Early Lowlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054353
eISBN:
9780813053226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054353.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

This chapter presents an archaeology of the Las Pinturas complex at the site of San Bartolo, Guatemala, where recent excavations have revealed three well-known architectural forms overlaid in close ... More


E Groups and Ancestors: The Sunrise of Complexity at Xunantunich, Belize

M. Kathryn Brown

in Maya E Groups: Calendars, Astronomy, and Urbanism in the Early Lowlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054353
eISBN:
9780813053226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054353.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

Over time, E Groups come to have a funerary function housing burials of important ancestors. Using the data recovered from the Preclassic Period (1000 BCE-250 CE) E Group at the site of Xunantunich ... More


Founding Landscapes in the Central Karstic Uplands

Kathryn Reese-Taylor

in Maya E Groups: Calendars, Astronomy, and Urbanism in the Early Lowlands

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813054353
eISBN:
9780813053226
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054353.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In order to fully understand E Groups, they must be considered within the broader landscapes of the Preclassic (1000 BCE-CE 250). At Yaxnohcah, the E Group lies in the center of a vast dispersed ... More


The Cunil Complex: Early Villages in Belize

Lauren A. Sullivan, Jaime J. Awe, and M. Kathryn Brown

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter provides an overview of recent data pertaining to the first settled villages in the Belize River valley. The authors highlight the known Preceramic data from the region and suggest that ... More


The Role of Ideology, Religion, and Ritual in the Foundation of Social Complexity in the Belize River Valley

M. Kathryn Brown, Jaime J. Awe, and James F. Garber

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0005
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the role of ritual and religion in the development of social complexity and the institutionalization of hierarchy in the Belize River valley. The authors synthesize Preclassic ... More


Middle Preclassic Maya Shell Ornament Production: Implications for the Development of Complexity at Pacbitun, Belize

Bobbi Hohmann, Terry G. Powis, and Paul F. Healy

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0006
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Extensive archaeological investigations at the site of Pacbitun, a medium-sized Maya center located in west-central Belize, have revealed the large-scale production of marine shell ornaments during ... More


Developmental Dynamics, Energetics, and Complex Economic Interactions of the Early Maya of the Mirador-Calakmul Basin, Guatemala, and Campeche, Mexico

Richard D. Hansen, Donald W. Forsyth, James C. Woods, Thomas P. Schreiner, and Gene L. Titmus

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0007
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter examines the archaeological evidence from the Mirador-Calakmul Basin of northern Guatemala and southern Campeche, Mexico, concluding that by no later than 600-400 B.C., the late Middle ... More


The Preclassic Settlement of Northwest Yucatan: Recharting the Pathway to Complexity

David S. Anderson, Fernando Robles Castellanos, and Anthony P. Andrews

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0008
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter focuses on presenting data and interpretations resulting from three recent archaeology projects carried out in the northwest corner of Yucatan, Mexico. The surveys identified a total of ... More


The Genesis of Maya Complexity in the Northwestern Region of the Yucatan Peninsula

Fernando Robles Castellanos and Teresa Ceballos Gallareta

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0009
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

In this chapter the evidence for the rise of social complexity in the Maya area is reviewed and re-considered in light of recent evidence provided by the authors and their colleagues in the northern ... More


The Preclassic Period: A View of Complexity in the Residential Settlement of Ek Balam

Tara Bond-Freeman

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0010
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

Chapter 10 examines the beginnings of the residential settlement pattern for the late Middle Preclassic Period at Ek Balam, in northeast Yucatan. It also offers a discussion of the transition to the ... More


At the Foot of the Hills: Early Monumentality at Xocnaceh, Yucatan, Mexico

Tomás Gallareta Negrón

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0011
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This contribution is about Xocnaceh, an early Yucatecan site with monumental architecture located on the edge of the Puuc escarpment. A program of excavations at the Acropolis, a trapezoidal basal ... More


El Achiotal: An Interior Frontier Center in Northwestern Peten, Guatemala

Mary Jane Acuña

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0012
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter summarizes the archaeological and iconographic evidence from Structure 5C-01 that indicate rulership was established at the small center of El Achiotal in the Late Preclassic period. The ... More


Maya and the Idea of Empire

David Freidel

in Pathways to Complexity: A View from the Maya Lowlands

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780813054841
eISBN:
9780813053332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054841.003.0015
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

It is argued in this chapter that the idea of “empire” was established in the Maya lowlands by the Kaanal lords of El Mirador with their first regional hegemony. The idea of empire is associated with ... More


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