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Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This book demonstrates that Japan's postwar Constitution has provided a solid foundation for democracy because, contrary to the conventional view that the American Occupation simply “imposed” it, ... More


Introduction: “A New Order of Things”

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Introduces the book's main argument: that it is too simple, and ultimately misleading, to say that SCAP (that is, General MacArthur and officers of the American Occupation) “imposed” a Constitution ... More


“Negotiated Surrender”: American Planning and Occupation

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the U.S. government's wartime (1942–1945) planning of the occupation of Japan. American planners clashed over the role of Japan's emperor in a postwar democratic nation. Joseph Grew and ... More


“Only as a Last Resort”: The Americans Take Over

Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson

in Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State Under MacArthur

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151169
eISBN:
9780199833917
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019515116X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Begins by noting that, early in the Occupation period, General Douglas MacArthur (SCAP) told Japanese leaders that their country could not fulfill the terms of the Potsdam Declaration without ... More


Uprooted: How Breslau Became Wroclaw during the Century of Expulsions

Gregor Thum

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140247
eISBN:
9781400839964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140247.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

With the stroke of a pen at the Potsdam Conference following the Allied victory in 1945, Breslau, the largest German city east of Berlin, became the Polish city of Wroclaw. Its more than 600,000 ... More


Grand Tour, 1780–81

Warwick Lister

in Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195372403
eISBN:
9780199870820
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372403.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter describes the grand tour of Europe that Viotti and his teacher, Pugnani, undertook in 1780, which lasted for two years. An important eyewitness account of Viotti's playing in Geneva is ... More


Sunset Over Fujiyama

Arthur J. Marder

in Old Friends New Enemies: Volume 2: The Pacific War 1942-1945

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198201502
eISBN:
9780191674907
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201502.003.0017
Subject:
History, Military History

The first section of this chapter describes the final phase of the British Pacific Fleet assault on Japan. It discusses the air strikes against an undefended Japan, the difficulties of refuelling at ... More


From Prague to Potsdam: Expulsions from Czechoslovakia and Poland, May–July 1945

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines initial British responses to developments in Poland and Czechoslovakia during the transition period from war to peace, when these states began expelling German populations and ... More


‘In Germany Now’: The German Refugee Crisis, July–October 1945

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The initial focus of this chapter is on the situation in Berlin after the British took over their sector in July 1945. The circumstances around how the refugee story broke in August 1945 are then ... More


‘A Thankless Task’: Official Responses to the Expulsions, August–December 1945

Matthew Frank

in Expelling the Germans: British Opinion and Post-1945 Population Transfer in Context

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199233649
eISBN:
9780191716294
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233649.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the dilemma which the British government faced: doing too little to meet the anxieties of the British authorities in occupied Germany, and of critics at home, but enough to ... More


Renouncing War

Konrad H. Jarausch

in After Hitler: Recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780195127799
eISBN:
9780199869503
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195127799.003.01
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter deals with the Potsdam policy of demilitarization, which went beyond disarming the Wehrmacht and eventually led to a distancing from militarism.


Early Discord

Anne Deighton

in The Impossible Peace: Britain, the Division of Germany, and the Origins of the Cold War

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278986
eISBN:
9780191684272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278986.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

During the early postwar months, very little was achieved by way of implementing the Potsdam Agreement. Indeed, Ernest Bevin thought that the time had not yet come to take major political and ... More


Towards a ‘Western’ Strategy

Anne Deighton

in The Impossible Peace: Britain, the Division of Germany, and the Origins of the Cold War

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198278986
eISBN:
9780191684272
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278986.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The Potsdam Agreement had established a ‘strange and precarious framework’ for the settlement of the postwar German problem. Declaring in favour of Germany's economic and political unity, the Allies ... More


‘The Marshal and the Corporal . . . ’

Anna von der Goltz

in Hindenburg: Power, Myth, and the Rise of the Nazis

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199570324
eISBN:
9780191722240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570324.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the role of the Hindenburg myth during the early years of the ‘Third Reich’. Analyzing, amongst others, the celebrations of the ‘Day of Potsdam’ and the President's funeral in ... More


Berlin and the Return Home

Paul C. Gutjahr

in Charles Hodge: Guardian of American Orthodoxy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199740420
eISBN:
9780199894703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199740420.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Church History

Chapter Nineteen traces Hodge’s final months in Europe, including the six months he spends in Berlin which he considers the highpoint of his trip. In Berlin he meets and befriends Ernst Hengstenberg ... More


From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0015
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

The frontier wars of the 1930s had been more than ‘sideshows’ to the later Asia-Pacific War; they illustrate the process of the ‘abject slide’ into the war. The frontier war with Russia is ... More


The American Occupation: The New Constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial

CHUSHICHI TSUZUKI

in The Pursuit of Power in Modern Japan 1825–1995

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205890
eISBN:
9780191676840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205890.003.0016
Subject:
History, World Modern History, Political History

This chapter describes the new constitution and the Tokyo War Crimes Trial. It talks about the ‘unconditional’ surrender. It also presents some characteristics of the reform period of the American ... More


The Tokyo IMT: Nature and Jurisdiction

Neil Boister and Robert Cryer

in The Tokyo International Military Tribunal - A Reappraisal

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199278527
eISBN:
9780191706950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278527.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter deals with the status and basis of the Tokyo IMT as an international tribunal. It covers the challenges to the jurisdiction of the court, such as those relating to the Potsdam ... More


Alliance Under Fire, 1911–1914

KEITH NEILSON

in Britain and the Last Tsar: British Policy and Russia, 1894-1917

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204701
eISBN:
9780191676369
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204701.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter describes Anglo-Russian relations from 1911 to 1914. Anglo-Russian relations were strained from the Potsdam conference to the outbreak of war in 1814. The British were apprehensive that ... More


Willingness

Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink: The Blockade, the Airlift, and the Early Cold War

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780813136134
eISBN:
9780813136837
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813136134.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 2 describes the deterioration of Allied relations in Germany, 1945-48, the division of Germany, and the sources of Stalin’s willingness to blockade Berlin. These included the failure of the ... More


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