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The Divided Mind of James Madison, 1790: Nationalist Versus Ideologue

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

in The Age of Federalism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

James Madison's mind was occupied with the dilemma of what it meant to be both a leading Federalist and a leading Virginian. The search for a resolution of that dilemma would turn out to claim ... More


The Republic's Capital City

Stanley Elkins and Eric McKitrick

in The Age of Federalism

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093810
eISBN:
9780199854127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093810.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

In early 19th-century America, the foremost talents in politics and government had no specific setting in place or time in which they could act upon each other in any way. That the seat chosen in ... More


Guarding the Potomac Line: Letters 16 through 27 Letters 16 through 27 2 January through 26 February 1862

Judith N. McArthur and Orville Vernon Burton

in “A Gentleman and an Officer”: A Military and Social History of James B. Griffin's Civil War

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195093124
eISBN:
9780199853915
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195093124.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter presents Griffin's wartime letters to his wife Leila and son Willie dated from January 2 to February 1862. There letters are about Griffin's brush with death after his arm was almost ... More


: Retreating and Cowardly Poltroons: The Anglo American Reaction

Christian B. Keller

in Chancellorsville and the Germans: Nativism, Ethnicity, and Civil War Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823226504
eISBN:
9780823234899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823226504.003.0005
Subject:
History, Social History

Just as the German soldiers in the Eleventh Corps began to recover from the shock of their losses and attempted to reorganize their shattered regiments in the days after the ... More


Campaign of Giants--The Battle for Petersburg: Volume 1: From the Crossing of the James to the Crater

A. Wilson Greene

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469638577
eISBN:
9781469638591
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638577.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

Grinding, bloody, and ultimately decisive, the Petersburg Campaign was the Civil War's longest and among its most complex. Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee squared off for more than nine months in ... More


Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Caroline E. Janney (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.001.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

The last days of fighting in the Civil War's eastern theater have been wrapped in mythology since the moment of Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House. War veterans and generations of ... More


The Trophies of Victory and the Relics of Defeat: Returning Home in the Spring of 1865

Peter S. Carmichael (ed.)

in War Matters: Material Culture in the Civil War Era

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781469643205
eISBN:
9781469643229
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469643205.003.0010
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

As the war drew to a close in Virginia, veterans from both armies collected relics to validate their service to their respective causes. They gathered many different objects, such as tree branches, ... More


Francis Channing Barlow’s Civil War

Joan Waugh

in Cold Harbor To the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625331
eISBN:
9781469625355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625331.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Joan Waugh’s essay examines the arc of General Francis Channing Barlow’s Civil War, from enlistment as a private in April 1861 through his promotion to major general in 1865. She argues that he can ... More


Grant’s Disengagement from Cold Harbor: June 12–13, 1864

Gordon C. Rhea

in Cold Harbor To the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625331
eISBN:
9781469625355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625331.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Elements of the Army of the Potomac disengaged from Lee at Cold Harbor to cross the James River and approach Petersburg. Gordon C. Rhea’s essay takes a fresh, and somewhat revisionist, look at ... More


The Army of the Potomac (1864)

George Washington Williams

in A History of the Negro Troops in the War of the Rebellion, 1861–1865

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823233854
eISBN:
9780823240807
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823233854.003.0011
Subject:
History, Military History

Virginia, the mother of Presidents, was the mother of slavery, and within the limits of this ancient commonwealth the principal battles of the War of the Rebellion were fought. After the Mississippi ... More


Introduction

Barbara Brooks Tomblin

in Bluejackets and Contrabands: African Americans and the Union Navy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125541
eISBN:
9780813135311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125541.003.0001
Subject:
History, African-American History

There has been no full-length treatment of the relationship between the Union Navy and African Americans, especially contrabands, although historians of the Civil War occasionally mention the ... More


Going to Freedom

Barbara Brooks Tomblin

in Bluejackets and Contrabands: African Americans and the Union Navy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125541
eISBN:
9780813135311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125541.003.0003
Subject:
History, African-American History

Enforcing the blockade and keeping the Potomac open for traffic to and from Washington kept the Potomac Flotilla busy, stopping or intercepting suspicious vessels and carefully watching for any signs ... More


Informants

Barbara Brooks Tomblin

in Bluejackets and Contrabands: African Americans and the Union Navy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125541
eISBN:
9780813135311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125541.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

As the commander responsible for enforcing the Union blockade in the Potomac, Thomas Tingey Craven needed reliable information to identify persons who supported the rebellion and actively engaged in ... More


Contraband Pilots

Barbara Brooks Tomblin

in Bluejackets and Contrabands: African Americans and the Union Navy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813125541
eISBN:
9780813135311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813125541.003.0007
Subject:
History, African-American History

Of all the important contributions by African Americans to the Union Navy's North and South Atlantic Blockading Squadrons and Potomac Flotilla, none proved as valuable as that made by skilled black ... More


George Washington’s Great Emporium

Christopher C. Fennell

in Broken Chains and Subverted Plans: Ethnicity, Race, and Commodities

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780813062457
eISBN:
9780813053240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813062457.003.0003
Subject:
Archaeology, Historical Archaeology

In the 1790s, government officials and members of a socioeconomic elite in the United States implemented a strategy for rapidly increasing the economic development of the upper Potomac and northern ... More


McCrea Joins the Army of the Potomac

Brian R. McEnany

in For Brotherhood and Duty: The Civil War History of the West Point Class of 1862

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813160627
eISBN:
9780813165479
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813160627.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

After graduation, Tully McCrea travels to Washington and finds he cannot get orders until Congress approves the promotion of him and his classmates as second lieutenants. Almost a month later, an ... More


Is It Well or Ill with Us?

Stephen D. Engle

in Gathering to Save a Nation: Lincoln and the Union's War Governors

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629339
eISBN:
9781469629353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629339.003.0014
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines the spring elections and the political enemies at home attempting to discourage northerners about continuing a war the Union appeared to be losing. It describes the Vicksburg ... More


Introduction

Caroline E. Janney

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0001
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter offers an overview of the end of the Petersburg siege and the subsequent Appomattox Campaign in the winter and spring of 1865.


Grant Finally Takes Command: How the Race to Appomattox Was Won

William W. Bergen

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0002
Subject:
History, Military History

William Bergen argues that such a turn-around occurred only once Grant was able to institute his own aggressive brand of warfare with the armies of the James and Potomac – once he finally, and ... More


Lucky Inspiration: Philip Sheridan’s Uncertain Road to Triumph with the Cavalry of the Army of the Potomac

Wayne Wei-Siang Hsieh

in Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469640761
eISBN:
9781469640785
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469640761.003.0005
Subject:
History, Military History

This essay explores how Philip Sheridan's operations during the Appomattox campaign represented the culmination of an evolutionary process of the Union cavalry arm in the East from 1861 though the ... More


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