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Alexandria

Wallace Matson

in Grand Theories and Everyday Beliefs: Science, Philosophy, and their Histories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812691
eISBN:
9780199919420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812691.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Ptolemy, one of Alexander's generals, a patron of Greek culture, founded in Alexandria, capital of his Egyptian empire, the Library, the greatest depository of Greek literature, and the Museum, a ... More


The Demise of Reductionism in Philosophy of Science

Steven Horst

in Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195317114
eISBN:
9780199871520
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195317114.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter examines the widespread assumptions that intertheoretic reductions are common in the natural sciences and that reducibility serves as a kind of normative constraint upon the legitimacy ... More


 After the Civil War: Auguste Comte's Theory of History Crosses the Atlantic

Andrew Witmer

in Prophesies of Godlessness: Predictions of America's Iminent Secularization from the Puritans to Postmodernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195342536
eISBN:
9780199867042
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342536.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

During the second half of the nineteenth century, American intellectuals found much to argue over in the writings of Auguste Comte. A French social theorist generally credited as the founder of ... More


The Nature of the Neo-liberal State and the Rule of Law

Raymond Plant

in The Neo-liberal State

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199281756
eISBN:
9780191713040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199281756.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

This chapter does two related things. First of all it sets out the neo‐liberal case for thinking that the state should be conceived largely in terms of rules and procedures instead of delivering ... More


Conclusion

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The concluding chapter attempts to locate the historians' accomplishments in the wider context of the European historiographical heritage. It addresses this problem by extending the regional and ... More


Introduction

Matthew H. Kramer

in Where Law and Morality Meet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546138
eISBN:
9780191705434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546138.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This introductory chapter distinguishes three varieties of legal positivism. Inclusive Legal Positivism maintains that a norm's consistency with some or all of the correct principles of morality can ... More


The Instrumentalist Approach

William Lyons

in Approaches to Intentionality

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198752226
eISBN:
9780191695087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198752226.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses the rise of ‘scientific philosophy’, which would expose the logical and conceptual bases of natural sciences. The author traces it back to the 19th-century philosopher Auguste ... More


George Eliot's Romola: Positivist or Joachimist?

Gould Warwick and Reeves Marjorie

in Joachim of Fiore

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242306
eISBN:
9780191697081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242306.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity, Theology

While declaring her approval of the Positivist science, George Eliot shows herself to be already pondering on the lessons of history and the relation of the historical stages of progress to the ... More


How Moral Principles can Enter into the Law

Matthew H. Kramer

in Where Law and Morality Meet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546138
eISBN:
9780191705434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546138.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter defends Inclusive Legal Positivism and Incorporationism against objections posed by Scott Shapiro. At the same time, it distinguishes between a bold version and a modest version of ... More


Throwing Light on the Role of Moral Principles in the Law: Further Reflections

Matthew H. Kramer

in Where Law and Morality Meet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546138
eISBN:
9780191705434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546138.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter develops further the positions taken in Chapter 1, and it explains how moral principles can enter into the law of a legal system even if legal officials are mistaken in many of the ... More


On Morality as a Necessary or Sufficient Condition for Legality

Matthew H. Kramer

in Where Law and Morality Meet

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199546138
eISBN:
9780191705434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546138.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter rebuts arguments by Exclusive Legal Positivists who have sought to show that the entry of moral principles into the law would be inconsistent with some of law's prominent features: its ... More


Positivism, Science and 'The Scientists' in Porfirian Mexico: The Philosophy of Herbert Spencer in the Historiography of Mexico

Natalia Priego

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382561
eISBN:
9781786945440
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382561.001.0001
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This book is intended for not only students and academics who undertake research on the history of Mexico during the half-century prior to the onset in 1910 of the Mexican Revolution, but also the ... More


One Way to Read Hume

Edward Craig

in The Mind of God and the Works of Man

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236825
eISBN:
9780191597244
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236824.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In this chapter, Craig shows how the Image of God doctrine works as an interpretative tool. Applied to the philosophy of Hume, it helps to illuminate textual detail that would otherwise not be fully ... More


Ordinary Language and the Unordinary Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Steven Gimbel and Jeffrey Maynes

in Philosophy of Science Matters: The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199738625
eISBN:
9780199894642
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199738625.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

In 1959, Peter Achinstein left Harvard and his Logical Positivist-influenced teachers and spent a year working at Oxford during the heyday of ordinary language philosophy. In his writings on evidence ... More


Legal Realism and Legal Positivism Reconsidered *

BRIAN LEITER

in Naturalizing Jurisprudence: Essays on American Legal Realism and Naturalism in Legal Philosophy

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199206490
eISBN:
9780191715020
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206490.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter challenges two widespread views about the relationship between the jurisprudential theories known as ‘Legal Realism’ and ‘Legal Positivism’. The first is that the two doctrines are ... More


Hart’s Postscript: Essays on the Postscript to ‘The Concept of Law’

Jules L. Coleman (ed.)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198299080
eISBN:
9780191685606
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299080.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Published posthumously, the second edition of The Concept of Law contains one important addition, namely a substantial Postscript, in which Hart reflects upon some of the central concerns that have ... More


The evolution of Spencerianism

Natalia Priego

in Positivism, Science and 'The Scientists' in Porfirian Mexico: The Philosophy of Herbert Spencer in the Historiography of Mexico

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781781382561
eISBN:
9781786945440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781781382561.003.0004
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter’s focus is upon the reception and assimilation of Spencerian philosophy in Mexico, underpinned by a discussion of the sources of information available to the Mexican positivists. It ... More


Leo Strauss on Philosophy as a Way of Life

Steven B. Smith

in Modernity and Its Discontents: Making and Unmaking the Bourgeois from Machiavelli to Bellow

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780300198393
eISBN:
9780300220988
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300198393.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

More than anyone else, Leo Strauss inaugurated the revival of political philosophy from the dominance of positivism and behavioralism. Strauss insisted that recovering Plato and ancient philosophy ... More


Nietzsche

Frank M. Turner

Richard A. Lofthouse (ed.)

in European Intellectual History from Rousseau to Nietzsche

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780300207293
eISBN:
9780300212914
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300207293.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the thought of Friedrich Nietzsche, the most important voice in the revolt against Positivism and the radical critique of bourgeois culture of the nineteenth century. ... More


Was Schutz a positivist? Was he even a sociologist? Comparing the reception and inception of his work

Martyn Hammersley

in The radicalism of ethnomethodology: An assessment of sources and principles

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781526124623
eISBN:
9781526138996
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526124623.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

The phenomenology of Alfred Schutz was a major influence on ethnomethodology, and on some other developments in sociology during the 1950s and 60s, notably the work of Cicourel and Berger and ... More


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