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Pope Gregory VII and the German Kingdom and Empire

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

When Gregory became pope in 1073, the German kingdom was entering upon an internal crisis that would have tested it to its foundations even if a ... More


Gregorian Ideas

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pope Gregory VII's letters show that he was a man of cultivated mind, particularly with respect to the study and knowledge of the Bible. He was also ... More


Gregory VII and the Periphery of Latin Europe

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In April 1075, Pope Gregory VII dispatched a group of six letters to destinations in eastern and northern Europe — to Duke Gésa of Hungary who was the ... More


Gregory VII and the Kingdom of Italy

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In the kingdom of Italy and in the church and city of Rome, Pope Gregory VII's intentions, actions, and degree of success showed differences from ... More


Gregory VII and France

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In sharp contrast to his dealings with Germany, Pope Gregory VII never came into prolonged and open conflict with the Capetian monarchy or with any ... More


Sacerdotium and Regnum

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

With regard to the question of relations between the priestly element in Christian society, the sacerdotium, and the royal element, the imperium or ... More


Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

The reign of Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085), who gave his name to an era of Church reform, is critically important in the history of the medieval church and papacy. Thus ... More


Herbert Edward John Cowdrey 1926–2009

JEAN DUNBABIN

in Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 172, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, X

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780197264904
eISBN:
9780191754081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264904.003.0004
Subject:
History, Historiography

John Cowdrey was Anglican chaplain and medieval scholar at St Edmund Hall, University of Oxford, and a Fellow of the British Academy. His work Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085 was hailed as a masterpiece. ... More


Background

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pope Gregory VII (1073–1085) entered the historical scene under the name of Hildebrand during the crisis that overtook the church at Rome in 1044–1049, ... More


Gregory VII and the Monastic Order

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pope Gregory VII's background as a monk by early training and lasting loyalty ensured that, throughout his pontificate, he would maintain close relations ... More


Gregory VII and the World Beyond Latin Christendom

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

To enter into the frame of mind in which Pope Gregory VII regarded the Byzantine church and empire calls for an effort of imagination. It should be ... More


Changes in Religion and Politics

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The papalist revolution of the 11th century led to greater divergence between the political thought of the West and of Islam and Byzantium. Pope Gregory VII's views on papal sovereignty provided a ... More


Lanfranc and the Gregorian Papacy

H. E. J. COWDREY

in Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.003.0014
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc's loyal and collaborative service of King William I of England in both ecclesiastical and temporal affairs stands in contrast to the coolness and distance that he showed towards the great ... More


Conclusion

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0013
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

According to their standpoint, Gregory's contemporaries came to the most divergent conclusions about him. He could either attract or repel those who ... More


The Ordering of the Church

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

In practice, Gregory seems to have maintained a balance between acting upon his personal authority as pope apart from the other constituent members of ... More


Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, Archbishop

H. E. J. Cowdrey

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199259601
eISBN:
9780191717406
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199259601.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Lanfranc of Pavia was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1070 to 1089, and so for nineteen critical years in the history of the Anglo-Norman church and kingdom after the Norman conquest of 1066. He came ... More


Death in Exile

H. E. J. Cowdrey

in Pope Gregory VII, 1073–1085

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206460
eISBN:
9780191677144
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206460.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Medieval History, History of Religion

Pope Gregory VII died at Salerno on May 25, 1085. He seems to have fallen seriously ill at about the beginning of the year. The record of his final ... More


The Bishop’s Eclipse, 1032–1118

Benjamin Brand

in Holy Treasure and Sacred Song: Relic Cults and their Liturgies in Medieval Tuscany

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199351350
eISBN:
9780199351374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199351350.003.0005
Subject:
Music, History, Western

In the eleventh century, the rise of monastic and papal reformers, as well as of the civic governments known as communes, resulted in the eclipse of local bishops as translators of relics and ... More


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