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‘Aroused Like One from Sleep’: From New Poor Law to Contractual Workfare

Desmond King

in In The Name of Liberalism: Illiberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296294
eISBN:
9780191599668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296290.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Uses historical and contemporary evidence to demonstrate how British government policies toward the unemployed have increasingly come to rest on the notion of duties and obligations arising from a ... More


Poor Relief, Charity, and Self-Help in Crisis Times, 1834–69

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter traces the roles played by the Poor Law, charity, and self-help from 1834 to 1870. Workers responded to the reduced availability of outdoor relief after 1834 by increasing their saving ... More


Civic Fathers of the Poor

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

The formulation and implementation of Poor Laws from the late Elizabethan period brought public fatherhood into poor families. ‘Civic fathers’ are men who undertook public roles as fathers of poor ... More


Pastoral Care

David Albert Jones

in The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199213009
eISBN:
9780191707179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213009.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter examines the role of the clergy in pastoral care in their parishes. It considers the expectations of the Church's Canons and the bishops. It considers the evidence for parochial ... More


An Old Poor Law for the New Europe? Reconciling Local Solidarity with Labour Mobility in Early Modern England

Peter M. Solar and Richard M. Smith

in The Economic Future in Historical Perspective

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263471
eISBN:
9780191734786
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263471.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on welfare and pension benefits in the European Union. It describes how tensions between labour mobility and social solidarity affect the harmonization of social welfare regimes ... More


Severe Poverty

Patricia Crawford

in Parents of Poor Children in England 1580-1800

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199204809
eISBN:
9780191709517
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199204809.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History, Social History

This chapter examines how mothers and fathers coped with the crises and destitution of severe poverty. Whereas the previous chapter discussed how ordinary labouring people brought up their children ... More


Old Age Poverty and Pauperism

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter demonstrates how the aged coped economically and the extent of their reliance on the Poor Law from the 1860s to 1908. The share of working-class persons 65 and older receiving poor ... More


The State and Mental Disability

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In Victorian England, the Old Poor Law did not function as a unitary system: its implementation varied according to the problems, priorities, and wealth of each of more than 10,000 parishes. However, ... More


Social Welfare Policy, Living Standards, and Self-Help, 1861–1908

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter discusses the Crusade Against Outrelief and its effects on working-class behavior. The increased use of the workhouse caused a sharp decline in the share of the population receiving poor ... More


Registration of Identities in Early Modern English Parishes and amongst the English Overseas

Simon Szreter

in Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265314
eISBN:
9780191760402
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265314.003.0003
Subject:
History, World Modern History

From 1538 the new Protestant church of Henry VIII provided a system of registration of baptisms, marriages, and burials in all parishes of England and Wales. This chapter re-examines the original ... More


Coalition Government, 1830–1834

Peter Mandler

in Aristocratic Government in the Age of Reform: Whigs and Liberals 1830-1852

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198217817
eISBN:
9780191678288
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198217817.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

In England, the first government of the Age of Reform was not a Whig, nor even a Whig party government, but a coalition of Whigs, liberals, moderates, and liberal Tories, united only by their ... More


Political Economy: ‘The philosophy of Antichrist’

S. A. Skinner

in Tractarians and the 'Condition of England': The Social and Political Thought of the Oxford Movement

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199273232
eISBN:
9780191706394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273232.003.0006
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Aside from commercialism, another major theme within tractarian commentary was the distinct conviction that social ills in England at the time were, ultimately, unamenable to purely legislative ... More


What Was Gained

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter summarizes the book's major findings. The road to the welfare state of the 1940s was not a wide and straight thoroughfare through Victorian and Edwardian Britain. As the ... More


The Problem of Poverty and Pauperism

G. R. Searle

in Morality and the Market in Victorian Britain

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206989
eISBN:
9780191677410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206989.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the implementation of the market principles of capitalism to address the issues concerning poverty and pauperism in Victorian Britain. It examines the impact of the passage of ... More


Economic Insecurity and Social Policy

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This introductory chapter provides an overview of economic insecurity. Economic insecurity can be defined as “the risk of economic loss faced by workers and households as they encounter the ... More


Social Welfare Policy and Living Standards between the Wars

George R. Boyer

in The Winding Road to the Welfare State

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter describes the interwar expansion of social welfare policies and their role in alleviating economic insecurity in an era of unprecedented unemployment. The social security system ... More


The Danger of the Feeble-minded

DAVID WRIGHT

in Mental Disability in Victorian England: The Earlswood Asylum 1847-1901

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199246397
eISBN:
9780191715235
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199246397.003.011
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

By the late 1860s, county pauper lunatic asylums, many of which had been constructed immediately following the 1845 Asylums and Lunatics Acts, were experiencing severe overcrowding. Medical ... More


Alternative Sources of Assistance?

Marguerite W. Dupree

in Family Structure in the Staffordshire Potteries 1840–1880

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204008
eISBN:
9780191676079
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204008.003.0008
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses some of the alternative networks and institutions in the Potteries. The survey presented shows that there is a rich variety of networks and institutions in the Potteries from ... More


Borderline citizens: women and the political process

Kathryn Gleadle

in Borderline Citizens: Women, Gender and Political Culture in Britain, 1815-1867

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264492
eISBN:
9780191734274
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264492.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers how, as ratepayers, householders, electors, parliamentary constituents, petitioners, welfare providers, and policy experts, women in Britain were commonly treated as political ... More


The Winding Road to the Welfare State

George R. Boyer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691178738
eISBN:
9780691183992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691178738.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

How did Britain transform itself from a nation of workhouses to one that became a model for the modern welfare state? This book investigates the evolution of living standards and welfare policies in ... More


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