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The Trials Of Jesus

Jonathan Burnside

in God, Justice, and Society: Aspects of Law and Legality in the Bible

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199759217
eISBN:
9780199827084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199759217.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter shows how particular biblical laws such as blasphemy, false prophecy, and false teaching were understood at the time of the New Testament, and how they interfaced with other legal ... More


“Pilate Did Not Utter a Sentence”: The Forgeries of ‘Pilate’ and the Court of Constantine

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The myth that Pilate never sentenced Jesus, and the myth that Judaean zealots crucified Jesus, both seem to be datable to texts written by Christians within a century of the crucifixion. The ... More


“Pilate Defended”: The Nature of Jesus’ Trial and the Rise of Secularization

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0020
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The question of Pilate’s innocence is debated with greater sophistication at the end of the seventeenth century than ever before. A liberal professor of law in the city of Halle, Christian Thomasius, ... More


Shaw's Jesus and Judas: Passion Without “Passion”

Stanley Weintraub

in Who's Afraid of Bernard Shaw?: Some Personalities in Shaw's Plays

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780813037264
eISBN:
9780813041544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813037264.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism

Rediscovering his first, abortive attempt for the stage, written, astonishingly, in Shakespearean blank verse, in 1878 when he was twenty-one, Shaw called his failed start “A Passion Play.” He was an ... More


“These Things Were Reported to Tiberius”: The Mystery of what Pilate Wrote

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In the late 1920s an Austrian historian of religion, Robert Eisler, introduced a riveting new theory about the trial and death of Jesus. On the strength of a dossier of Old Russian manuscripts, ... More


“I Beheld the Shade”: A Real Trial and a Fake Donation

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0016
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines texts in which a medieval poet, Dante Alighieri, and a Renaissance humanist, Lorenzo Valla, handle the historical drama which controlled the European imagination for at least a ... More


“You Say I am a King”: The Moment When Jesus Confesses to Pilate

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In modern parlance, it is only the guilty who confess. Yet we read in one of the New Testament letters, I Timothy, that Jesus “testified to the good confession in the time of Pontius Pilate”. What is ... More


“O Roman, Spare this God!”: Pilate’s Innocence in Christian Tradition

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In the dominant tradition of Christian epic poetry, Pilate’s judgement of Jesus is not explained by his brute political calculations. Rather, Pilate is literally conquered by Caiaphas and his Judaean ... More


The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

David Lloyd Dusenbury

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

The gospels and ancient historians agree: Jesus was sentenced to death by Pontius Pilate, the Roman imperial prefect in Jerusalem. To this day, Christians of all churches confess that Jesus died ... More


“Christ Himself Committed Robberies”: The Memoirs of Pilate and the Last Pagan Emperor

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

It is strange that historians of early Christianity and have not made more of this, but in the years before his death Rome’s last pagan emperor, Maximin Daia (or Daza), tried to halt Constantine’s ... More


“The Man Who Was Crucified in Palestine”: Pilate’s Innocence in Pagan Tradition

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Augustine of Hippo tells us that Jesus was lauded by many pagans for his “unsurpassed wisdom”. Nevertheless, the most common conviction in pagan circles in the first centuries CE is stated by the god ... More


“Jesus is Going to Be Stoned”: Pilate’s Innocence in Judaic Tradition

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Anti-Semitic interpretations of the gospels and Christian hostility towards Jews are both rooted, in terribly complex ways, in the first centuries of the Christian era. The death of Jesus is ... More


“Christ Was Not the One Crucified”: Pilate’s Innocence in Islamic Tradition

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter is focused on the only text about a crucifixion that we find in the Qur’an. It is a difficult text. For, in sura 4, there appears to be a crucifixion of Jesus; and yet, the Qur’an ... More


“I Obstruct Not Your Dominion”: An African Sermon that Shaped History

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter examines Augustine of Hippo’s world-historical sermons on the Roman trial of Jesus. “Pilate was a Roman”, he says, “and the Romans sent him to Judaea as governor.” As this suggests, for ... More


“Christ Willed Himself to Lack Authority”: A Succès De Scandale and a Chain of Gold

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0017
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

One of the first rectors of the University of Paris, Marsilius of Padua, is commonly seen as the first theorist of secularity. This chapter demonstrates that Jesus’ Roman trial is of fundamental ... More


“A Power which He Refused”: The Momentary Orthodoxy of Thomas Hobbes

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0018
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

In Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan, as in other early modern treatises, a philosophical defense of the secular is coupled with a theological defense. In the case of Hobbes, his philosophical argument is ... More


“Truth is Not Subject to Human Empire”: Samuel Pufendorf and the Logic of Tolerance

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Now a niche figure in intellectual history, Samuel Pufendorf was one of the great lights of the early Enlightenment. A renowned professor of law, Pufendorf is John Locke’s rival in forging the modern ... More


“You Acted in Ignorance”: Why There are No Christ-Killers

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter offers a close reading of certain texts of Paul and Luke-Acts which have been misread in Christian tradition. It is suggested, here, that the first Christian homily (meaning the first ... More


Epilogue: The Unfinished History of Pilate and Jesus

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the Roman trial of Jesus is the origin of Christian Europe’s fissile politics. Yet it seems to have gone unremarked in the literature on Rousseau’s thought that he ... More


“In the Name of Our Lord”: The Most Sublime Irony in the History of Empire

David Lloyd Dusenbury

in The Innocence of Pontius Pilate: How the Roman Trial of Jesus Shaped History

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197602799
eISBN:
9780197610893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197602799.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter suggests that there is no undivided point of origin for European law, but that, if there were such a point of origin, it might be one that modern Europeans tend to forget: European law ... More


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