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Stalin's New Elite, 1939–1956

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The purges were followed by a very high turnover of members of the Central Committee and in effect a new generation of leaders appeared, younger and more from the mass of workers and peasants than ... More


In the Portals of Power

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

When Gorbachev moved to Moscow in November 1978, he became – at the age of 47 – the youngest member of the predominantly elderly Soviet top leadership team. He received rapid promotion, becoming a ... More


Introduction

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0002
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This introductory chapter begins with a description of Stalin's relationship with his entourage in the years after World War II. It tells the story of an aging and distrustful despot who habitually ... More


State Building Stalin-Style

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0004
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter looks at the political structures and decision-making procedures under which the postwar leadership operated. Through an examination of the Politburo and the Council of Ministers, the ... More


The Politburo's Last Purge

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0005
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Leningrad and Gosplan Affairs of 1949. Although, in many respects, aberrations in the postwar period — these were the only occasions on which a Politburo ... More


Stalin's Last Struggle

Yoram Gorlizki and Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Cold Peace: Stalin and the Soviet Ruling Circle, 1945–1953

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195165814
eISBN:
9780199788811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195165814.003.0008
Subject:
History, World Modern History

This chapter shows how, despite his frailties, Stalin used the XIX Party Congress as a means of exercising his dominance over the party by, among other things, restructuring “offices” and reassigning ... More


Modern Albania: From Dictatorship to Democracy in Europe

Fred C. Abrahams

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814705117
eISBN:
9781479841189
Item type:
book
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814705117.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In the early 1990s, Albania, arguably Europe’s most closed and repressive state, began a startling transition out of forty years of self-imposed Communist isolation. Albanians who were not allowed to ... More


The Communists in Isolation

David Wingeate Pike

in In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses the ‘Antwerp Conference’: the PSUC versus the PCE; the PSUC applying to the Comintern for admission; the Politburo meeting in Toulouse following the Casado coup; the Cortes ... More


In Russia, from Honeymoon to Holy War

David Wingeate Pike

in In the Service of Stalin: The Spanish Communists in Exile, 1939-1945

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203155
eISBN:
9780191675751
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203155.003.0008
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses war and its opportunities; exploits of the Spaniards: the case and cult of Rubén Ruiz; the PCE leadership rent by scandal; the Politburo reduced to a troika; the death of Diaz; ... More


The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Paul Gregory and Norman Naimark (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In this book, Western and Russian scholars examine the “lost” transcripts of the Soviet Politburo, a set of verbatim accounts of meetings that took place from the 1920s to 1938 but remained hidden in ... More


The making of social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan, King Lun Ngok, and David Phillips

in Social policy in China: Development and well-being

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348807
eISBN:
9781447303411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines the nature and organisational structure of the Chinese Communist Party. It also explains the key policy players in China's politics, including the Politburo Standing Committee, ... More


The Soviet Legacy: From Political to Cultural Correctness

Michael S. Gorham

in After Newspeak: Language Culture and Politics in Russia from Gorbachev to Putin

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452628
eISBN:
9780801470578
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452628.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines two seemingly contradictory legacies of Soviet-era language culture: the so-called speech culture movement born in the effort to develop “civilized behavior” among citizens ... More


Power in Crisis 1931–1933

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the crisis years of 1931–1933. At the same time that the Stalinist leadership was turning to terror, it was also making inconsistent attempts at reform. The swings between ... More


A Facade of Liberalization 1934

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the factors behind the move toward more moderate policies in 1934 and considers the role played by Sergei Kirov in these initiatives. It suggests that foreign policy ... More


Terror and Conciliation 1935–1936

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter discusses changes in the makeup and activities of the Politburo, as well as political trends following Sergei Kirov's murder, which Stalin used as an excuse to eliminate his former ... More


On the Eve of War: The New Structure of Stalin's Government

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the consolidation of Stalin's dictatorship. It considers changes in the fundamental institutions of power during the final weeks before the war with Germany, which established ... More


Conclusion: Master of the House

Oleg V. Khlevniuk

in Master of the House: Stalin and His Inner Circle

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300110661
eISBN:
9780300161281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300110661.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter summarizes the main themes covered and presents some concluding thoughts from the author. By 1941, Stalin had consolidated his dictatorship and established one of the most brutal regimes ... More


Grain, Class, and Politics During NEP: The Politburo Meeting of December 10, 1925

R. W. Davies

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0010
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the December 10, 1925 Politburo meeting, and suggests that the political struggle between Joseph Stalin and the Left is linked to the problem of grain ... More


The Politburo on Gold, Industrialization, and the International Economy, 1925–1926

David M. Woodruff

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0011
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes three sets of Soviet Politburo transcripts from October 26 and November 2, 1925, and February 22, 1926 that focus on macroeconomic policies. It explains that during these ... More


Prices in the Politburo, 1927: Market Equilibrium versus the Use of Force

Mark Harrison (ed.)

in The Lost Politburo Transcripts: From Collective Rule to Stalin's Dictatorship

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300134247
eISBN:
9780300152227
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300134247.003.0012
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter analyzes the transcript of the January 2, 1927 Politburo meeting that focused on the setting of prices, and explains that discussion revolved around the so-called scissor crisis, which ... More


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