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Poland-Lithuania before Partition

Anna Filipczak-Kocur

in The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe c.1200–1815

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204022
eISBN:
9780191676093
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204022.003.0015
Subject:
History, Economic History

After 1385 Poland and Lithuania were linked in a dynastic union which was transformed into a conscious political association by the Union of Lublin of 1569. As a result of this association, the ... More


Burgher Estate

David Sorkin

in Jewish Emancipation: A History Across Five Centuries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691164946
eISBN:
9780691189673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164946.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter examines how the Jews of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth constituted the eastern region of emancipation. Jews enjoyed royal privileges in Poland from the thirteenth century. From the ... More


Introduction

Richard Butterwick

in The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

After evoking the trials of the Roman Catholic Church at the end of the eighteenth century, the introduction briefly explains the nature of the Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth. It then reviews the ... More


The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Richard Butterwick

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Polish Revolution cast off the Russian hegemony that had kept the Polish‐Lithuanian Commonwealth impotent for most of the eighteenth century. Before being overthrown by the armies of Catherine ... More


Partition and Parity

David Sorkin

in Jewish Emancipation: A History Across Five Centuries

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780691164946
eISBN:
9780691189673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164946.003.0007
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This chapter assesses how, in the 1760s, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth failed to enact reform for its Jews aside from abolishing the Council of the Lands. Jews mobilized to an unprecedented ... More


The Golden Age

Monika Baár

in Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.003.0009
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Chapter 8, ‘The Golden Age’, compares the periods which the historians saw as the most successful eras in national history. For Lelewel, this period was to be found in the days of the ... More


The Commonwealth and the Catholic Church in 1788

Richard Butterwick

in The Polish Revolution and the Catholic Church, 1788–1792: A Political History

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199250332
eISBN:
9780191730986
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199250332.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The fortunes of the Commonwealth and the Church in the eighteenth century are sketched via the career of Kajetan Sołtyk (1715‐88), successively bishop of Kiev and Cracow, who in 1767 was deported to ... More


Introduction

Adam Teller

in Money, Power, and Influence in Eighteenth-Century Lithuania: The Jews on the Radziwiłł Estates

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798440
eISBN:
9780804799874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798440.003.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The book makes three main interventions. First is the use of Jewish economic history to understand both the development of Jewish society and its relations with the surrounding world. The methodology ... More


At the Crossroads

Michael Ostling

in Between the Devil and the Host: Imagining Witchcraft in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199587902
eISBN:
9780191731228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587902.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Social History

This Introduction situates the imagination of witchcraft in early modern Poland using the image of the crossroads: the witch combines elements taken from elite culture and from local folklore, from ... More


Conclusion

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0027
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This concluding chapter assesses whether the fate of the Polish Jewish refugees in each of the three major arenas in which they found themselves was really a single, interconnected refugee crisis or ... More


The Political Participation of Polish Muslim Tatars – the Result of or the Reason for Integration? From Teutonic wars to the Danish cartoons Affair

Agata S. Nalborczyk

in Muslim Political Participation in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780748646944
eISBN:
9780748684281
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748646944.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Islam

One of the oldest established Muslim minorities in Central Europe is that of the Tatars, whose history dates back to the fourteenth century. They settled in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth mostly ... More


Money, Power, and Influence in Eighteenth-Century Lithuania: The Jews on the Radziwiłł Estates

Adam Teller

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798440
eISBN:
9780804799874
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798440.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

This study demonstrates how Jewish economic activity on the magnate estates in the eighteenth-century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth enriched, empowered, and reshaped Jewish—and ... More


The Second Wave of Wars

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates how the events of the second round of wars caused further waves of Jewish refugees, this time not just within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth but across Europe and Asia. ... More


Return and Reconstruction

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explores the complex process of returning home after spending time as a Jewish refugee. The chaos of wartime conditions meant that there was a constant stream of Jewish refugees, often ... More


The role of ancient remains in the Sarmatian culture of early modern Poland

Barbara Arciszewska

in Local antiquities, local identities: Art, literature and antiquarianism in Europe, c. 1400–1700

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9781526117045
eISBN:
9781526141910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526117045.003.0014
Subject:
Art, Art History

Visible material remnants of ancient cultures were, for a variety of historical reasons, not particularly abundant in the territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1569-1795). The past ... More


Kith, Kin, and Neighbors: Communities and Confessions in Seventeenth-Century Wilno

David Frick

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451287
eISBN:
9780801467530
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451287.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

In the mid-seventeenth century, Wilno (Vilnius), the second capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, was home to Poles, Lithuanians, Germans, Ruthenians, Jews, and Tatars, who worshiped in ... More


The End of the Crisis

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0026
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter explains that it is hard to say when the influx of Jewish refugees to the Holy Roman Empire from the mid-seventeenth-century wars in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth actually came to ... More


Epilogue

W. H. ZAWADZKI

in A Man of Honour: Adam Czartoryski as a Statesman of Russia and Poland 1795–1831

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198203032
eISBN:
9780191675676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203032.003.0015
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The reasons for Czartoryski's cooperation with Russia during the reign of Alexander I can be classified as personal, economic, political and ideological. Friendship with the Grand Duke and later ... More


Conclusion

Adam Teller

in Money, Power, and Influence in Eighteenth-Century Lithuania: The Jews on the Radziwiłł Estates

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780804798440
eISBN:
9780804799874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804798440.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Jewish Studies

The Radziwiłł administration’s economic policy provided the framework for the Jews’ success. They identified and played key roles in the estate economy by seizing the new opportunities of the ... More


The Promise and the Peril of Liberty (1506–1648)

Robert E. Alvis

in White Eagle, Black Madonna: One Thousand Years of the Polish Catholic Tradition

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780823271702
eISBN:
9780823271757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823271702.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

A functional government, military success, economic expansion made the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries a golden age for Poland-Lithuania. In this era, new Christian movements challenged the ... More


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