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The Jews in Poland between the Two World Wars

Antony Polonsky

in Jews in Poland and Russia: A Short History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781906764395
eISBN:
9781800340763
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781906764395.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the position of Jews in Poland between the two world wars, which differed considerably in the various partitions. Polish Jews were largely urban. In 1931, over three-quarters ... More


Knowledge of Foreign Languages among Eighteenth-Century Polish Jews

Daniel Stone

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 10: Jews in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774310
eISBN:
9781800340671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774310.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter addresses the knowledge of foreign language among eighteenth-century Jews. Polish Jews were not isolated in the eighteenth century or in previous centuries. They inhabited an ... More


To ‘Civilize’ the Jews: Polish Debates on the Reform of Jewish Society, 1788–1830

Marcin Wodziński

in Hasidism and Politics: The Kingdom of Poland, 1815-1864

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113737
eISBN:
9781800341012
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113737.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter provides a general introduction to the issues that shaped Polish policy towards Jews. It emphasizes the most general policy objectives and their implementation, as well as on the way the ... More


The November Pogrom and Its Aftermath

Marion A. Kaplan

in Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195130928
eISBN:
9780199854486
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130928.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The chapter discusses the implementation of the pogrom by the Nazis and the destruction it brought upon the Jews. In early 1938, the Nazi government intensified its campaign of discrimination against ... More


Friends and Allies

Michael Stenton

in Radio London and Resistance in Occupied Europe: British Political Warfare 1939-1943

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198208433
eISBN:
9780191678004
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198208433.003.0025
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

In July 1941 Moscow acknowledged a vested British interest in Poland. If Polish soldiers were not pressed into Soviet service or placed under Soviet political discipline, Moscow would feel the lack ... More


Polish Jews Meet German Jews: The Refugees Elsewhere in the Empire

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0023
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter assesses the meetings of the Polish Jewish refugees with the German Jews on the ground in the communities of the Holy Roman Empire. It begins by examining the chapbook Di bashraybung fun ... More


Strangers in their Own Land: Polish Jews from Lublin to Kielce

Daniel Blatman

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 15: Focusing on Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774716
eISBN:
9781800340725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774716.003.0022
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines several aspects of the lives and experiences of the survivor community in Poland. Much has been written about relations between the new regime in Poland and the Jewish ... More


Jewish Marriage in Eighteenth-Century Poland

Jacob Goldberg

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 10: Jews in Early Modern Poland

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774310
eISBN:
9781800340671
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774310.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses Jewish marriage in eighteenth-century Poland. Jews, as well as many non-Jews, acknowledged that Jewish marriages embodied a good, stable model and praised them as examples to ... More


The Role of Italian Jewry

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0014
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies the role of Italian Jewry in ransoming Polish Jewish captives. In truth, the most important use for the pidyon shevuyim money as far as Italian Jewry was concerned had nothing to ... More


Background: German Jews and Polish Jews Before 1648

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter presents a background of the relationship between German Jews and Polish Jews before 1648. Polish Jews were well aware that their ancestors had originated in the German lands and, long ... More


Polish Jews during and after the Kielce Pogrom: Reports from the Communist Archives

Joanna Michlic-coren

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13: Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774600
eISBN:
9781800340701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.003.0019
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the Kielce pogrom. On July 4, 1946, the most horrifying outbreak of anti-Jewish violence in post-war Poland took place in Kielce. On that day, ordinary citizens of this central ... More


Bernard Singer, the Forgotten ‘Most Popular Jewish Reporter of the Inter-War Years in Poland’

Janina Katarzyna Rogozik

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 12: Focusing on Galicia: Jews, Poles and Ukrainians 1772-1918

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774594
eISBN:
9781800340695
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774594.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter discusses Bernard Singer. The works of Bernard Singer belong to the Polish–Jewish cultural border, and enriched both cultures. He wrote articles for Jewish periodicals in Polish, ... More


Some Methodological Problems of the Study of Jewish History in Poland Between the Two World Wars

Jerzy Tomaszewski

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter identifies some methodological problems of the study of Jewish history in Poland between the two World Wars. The growing public interest in the history of Polish Jews between the wars ... More


Trunk’s Poyln: Its Place in Jewish Polish History

Anna Clarke

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 11: Focusing on Aspects and Experiences of Religion

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774051
eISBN:
9781800340688
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774051.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter studies Jehiel Isaiah Trunk's Poyln and its place in Jewish Polish history. Trunk's Poyln is more than just an autobiography. In the words of Trunk's nephew, the historian Isaiah Trunk, ... More


Jewish Perceptions of Insecurity and Powerlessness in 16th-18th Century Poland

M. J. Rosman

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines the fundamental security and the economic and political power which the Jews possessed in 16th–18th century Poland. While many Polish Jews recognized that they were essentially ... More


Anna Landau-Czajka W jednym stali domu … Koncepcje rozwiązania kwestii żydowskiej w publicystyce polskiej lat 1933–1939

John T. Pawlikowski

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 15: Focusing on Jewish Religious Life, 1500-1900

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774716
eISBN:
9781800340725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774716.003.0038
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter presents a volume examining the role of Jews in Polish consciousness during the critical period of the 1930s. In this new volume, Landau-Czajka attempts to further understanding of the ... More


Karin Wolff, editor. Hiob 1943. Ein Requiem für das Warschauer Ghetto. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchner Verlag. 1983. Pp. 322.

Władysław Bartoszewski

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 1: Poles and Jews: Renewing the Dialogue

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781904113171
eISBN:
9781800340589
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781904113171.003.0051
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter examines Karin Wolff's invaluable and successful anthology of poetry and prose, entitled Hiob 1943. A Requiem for the Warsaw ghetto. The anthology contains 50 literary texts and accounts ... More


The Second Wave of Wars

Adam Teller

in Rescue the Surviving Souls: The Great Jewish Refugee Crisis of the Seventeenth Century

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780691161747
eISBN:
9780691199863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161747.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter investigates how the events of the second round of wars caused further waves of Jewish refugees, this time not just within the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth but across Europe and Asia. ... More


Stereotypes of Polish–Jewish Relations after the War: The Special Commission of the Central Committee of Polish Jews

Jan Gross

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 13: Focusing on the Holocaust and its Aftermath

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774600
eISBN:
9781800340701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774600.003.0015
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter describes stereotypes of Polish–Jewish relations after the Second World War. Even though most Polish Jews were killed during the German occupation, the stereotype of Judaeo-communism ... More


Simkhe Plakhte: From ‘Folklore’ to Literary Artefact

Seth L. Wolitz

in Polin: Studies in Polish Jewry Volume 16: Focusing on Jewish Popular Culture and Its Afterlife

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2021
ISBN:
9781874774730
eISBN:
9781800340732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781874774730.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Judaism

This chapter evaluates the Polish Jewish folk motif and figure of Simkhe Plakhte. This topic deserves closer attention because of its wide popularity and extensive literary reworking among Polish ... More


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