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Truman’s Fourth Point

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796915
eISBN:
9780199933266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

Truman introduced the idea of Point Four during his 1949 inaugural address, because he was convinced that America’s future depended upon the development of the underdeveloped world and he was certain ... More


The Ethiopian Experiment

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796915
eISBN:
9780199933266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

Point Four projects began in Ethiopia in May of 1952 and continued until the creation of USAID. Joint funds created agricultural schools, public health training centers, and a handicraft school. ... More


Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

Amanda Kay McVety

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796915
eISBN:
9780199933266
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

In his 1949 inaugural address, Harry Truman vowed to make the development of the underdeveloped world a central part of America’s national security agenda. This commitment became policy the following ... More


Introduction: The American Answer

Amanda Kay McVety

in Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199796915
eISBN:
9780199933266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199796915.003.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

In 1949, the U.S. House of Representatives opened hearings H.R. 5615, the “International Technical Cooperation Act of 1949.” While discussing the specific act, which had grown out of Truman’s ... More


Absent at the Creation: The Truman Administration’s Public Diplomacy Outside Europe

Jason C. Parker

in Hearts, Minds, Voices: US Cold War Public Diplomacy and the Formation of the Third World

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780190251840
eISBN:
9780190251871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190251840.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century, World Modern History

While the Truman administration perceived and declared the Cold War a total conflict early on in the postwar years, its public diplomacy activities did not reflect this global scale for some time to ... More


The FCN Treaties Become Investment Treaties

Kenneth J. Vandevelde

in The First Bilateral Investment Treaties: U.S. Postwar Friendship, Commerce, and Navigation Treaties

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780190679576
eISBN:
9780190679606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190679576.003.0006
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Legal History

Wanting to sound a memorable theme in his 1949 inaugural address, President Truman adopted as “Point Four” of his address a proposal from a mid-level State Department official that the United States ... More


“What Happens in Haiti Has Repercussions Which Far Transcend Haiti Itself”: Walter White, Haiti and the Public Relations Campaign, 1947–1955

Millery Polyné

in From Douglass to Duvalier: U.S. African Americans, Haiti, and Pan Americanism, 18701964

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813034720
eISBN:
9780813039534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813034720.003.0005
Subject:
History, African-American History

This chapter investigates the politics of Walter White's public relations campaign to alter Haiti's image and to increase tourism to the island nation. White's campaign paralleled U.S. policy ... More


“Instruments of Technical Cooperation”: American Universities’ Institution Building Abroad

Ethan Schrum

in The Instrumental University: Education in Service of the National Agenda after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736643
eISBN:
9781501736650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736643.003.0005
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapters 4 and 5 respectively explore the international and domestic institutional arrangements that American universities created to promote economic development around the world. Chapter 4 explains ... More


Modern Humanitarianism’s Troubled Legacies, 1927–1948

Keith David Watenpaugh

in Bread from Stones: The Middle East and the Making of Modern Humanitarianism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520279308
eISBN:
9780520960800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279308.003.0007
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This conclusion explains the end of the massive American relief project in the eastern Mediterranean and describes how that effort was transformed into a recognizably modern nongovernmental ... More


A Use of the University of Michigan: Samuel P. Hayes Jr. and Economic Development

Ethan Schrum

in The Instrumental University: Education in Service of the National Agenda after World War II

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781501736643
eISBN:
9781501736650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501736643.003.0006
Subject:
Education, History of Education

Chapter 5 examines how Samuel P. Hayes, Jr., an early Point Four official who later helped design the Peace Corps, tried to “use” the University of Michigan to establish a program of ... More


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