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Torpedoes in the Greco-Roman World: Pt. 1. Wonders of Nature Between Science and Myth

Stanley Finger and Marco Piccolino

in The Shocking History of Electric Fishes: From Ancient Epochs to the Birth of Modern Neurophysiology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780195366723
eISBN:
9780199897087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195366723.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The ancient Greeks and other people living along the coast of the warm Mediterranean Sea and its branches were very familiar with torpedoes, “a mean and groveling animal armed with lightning, that ... More


The Sack of the Temple in Josephus and Tacitus

T. D. Barnes

in Flavius Josephus and Flavian Rome

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199262120
eISBN:
9780191718533
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199262120.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

Comparing Josephus’ and Tacitus’ (lost) account of the sack of the Temple in Jerusalem from Histories Book 5, this chapter underlines the importance of the Jewish War as a central defining event (or ... More


Natura narratur: Tullius Laurea’s Elegy for Cicero (Pliny, Nat. 31.8)

Llewelyn Morgan

in Classical Constructions: Papers in Memory of Don Fowler, Classicist and Epicurean

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199218035
eISBN:
9780191711534
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199218035.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter explores the poem of Tullius Laurea from a number of angles — literary-critical, sociohistorical, archaeological, literary-theoretical — but and also addresses its most striking feature, ... More


‘My lady knows impious things’: Impotence Magic in the Ancient World

Catherine Rider

in Magic and Impotence in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199282227
eISBN:
9780191713026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199282227.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

This chapter surveys the sources for impotence magic in the ancient world. It discusses a number of classical writers who mentioned impotence magic in their literary works, including Ovid and ... More


Greeks and Romans: Antiquity

Frank N. Egerton

in Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780520271746
eISBN:
9780520953635
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520271746.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

Greeks first sought rational explanations of nature and rejected mythological explanations. Their earliest natural philosophy was simplistic, but their process of conjecture and refutation enabled ... More


Sex, Death, and the Sea: Pearls in the Early Modern Imagination

Molly A. Warsh

in American Baroque: Pearls and the Nature of Empire, 1492-1700

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781469638973
eISBN:
9781469638997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469638973.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: early to 18th Century

This chapter considers the late medieval cultural and legal contexts that shaped ideas about pearls and laws governing their harvesting and use in Iberia and Europe more generally. It focuses on two ... More


Thoreau’s Epic Ambitions: “A Walk To Wachusett” and the Persistence of the Classics in an Age of Science

K. P. Van Anglen

in The Call of Classical Literature in the Romantic Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781474429641
eISBN:
9781474439312
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474429641.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, 18th-century Literature

The piece is the earliest example in Thoreau of a prose genre now known as the excursion, which combines a brief autobiographical account of an experience of nature with broader philosophical ... More


Visual Forgeries

Carolyn Higbie

in Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World: Object Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198759300
eISBN:
9780191819872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759300.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

Chapter 2 focuses on visual forgeries, primarily Greek statues. Originally commissioned to be placed in religious sanctuaries, where they were regarded as religious objects, over time some statues ... More


Roman Assimilation of Greek Myths and Botany

Lincoln Taiz and Lee Taiz

in Flora Unveiled: The Discovery and Denial of Sex in Plants

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780190490263
eISBN:
9780190868673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190490263.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Plant Sciences and Forestry

“Roman Assimilation of Greek Myths and Botany” traces the absorption of Greek botanical thought by the Romans. Although Roman thinkers—Cato the Elder, Varro, Virgil and Columella—wrote about ... More


Philosophy and Power in the Graeco-Roman World: Essays in Honour of Miriam Griffin

Gillian Clark and Tessa Rajak (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299905
eISBN:
9780191707803
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299905.001.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Miriam Griffin is unrivalled as a bridge-builder between historians of the Graeco-Roman world and students of its philosophies. This wide-ranging volume in her honour brings together essays from ... More


Scholarly Reading

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in Aulus Gellius: An Antonine Scholar and his Achievement

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199263196
eISBN:
9780191718878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199263196.003.0010
Subject:
Classical Studies, Prose and Writers: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Gellius is acquainted with Greek scholarship, particularly on Homer, but pays it far less attention than he does Latin. In particular, he makes considerable use of Marcus Terentius Varro and Nigidius ... More


. The Spoils of an Empire

John G. T. Anderson

in Deep Things out of Darkness: A History of Natural History

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780520273764
eISBN:
9780520954458
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520273764.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Natural History and Field Guides

In which the collapse of Alexander’s empire sets the stage for the domination of the Mediterranean world by Rome. Ptolemy’s establishment of the great library at Alexandria ensured for the moment a ... More


Parrhasius’ Curtain, or, a Media Archaeology of a Metapainting

Patrick R. Crowley

in Classics and Media Theory

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198846024
eISBN:
9780191881251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198846024.003.0009
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, History of Art: pre-history, BCE to 500CE, ancient and classical, Byzantine

This chapter explores the media–archaeological foundations of trompe l’oeil painting in antiquity, specifically the famous contest between the Greek painters Zeuxis and Parrhasius as recounted by ... More


Watch this space (getting round 1.215–46)

John Henderson

in Forgotten Stars: Rediscovering Manilius' Astronomica

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586462
eISBN:
9780191724961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586462.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter concentrates on the run of summarized astronomic basics given in Manilius, Astronomica 1.215-46 to ground the main work of delivering astrology to Roman epic. The three points dealt with ... More


Writing and Identity

Stephanie Ann Frampton

in Empire of Letters: Writing in Roman Literature and Thought from Lucretius to Ovid

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780190915407
eISBN:
9780190915438
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190915407.003.0003
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

What did ancient Romans believe about the origins of their alphabet? Focusing on the fact that the alphabet was recognized by Roman authors to have been borrowed from the Greeks, who in turn had ... More


Roman Thoughts on the Rebuilding of Rome

Christopher Siwicki

in Architectural Restoration and Heritage in Imperial Rome

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2019
ISBN:
9780198848578
eISBN:
9780191883026
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198848578.003.0006
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE

This chapter explores how Rome’s inhabitants responded to the destruction and rebuilding of the city of Rome as a whole. The discussion revolves primarily around three authors—Seneca the Younger, ... More


The Forgery of the Past

Carolyn Higbie

in Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World: Object Lessons

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198759300
eISBN:
9780191819872
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198759300.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

As the past became increasingly important to Hellenistic Greeks and Romans, they sought to study it and developed techniques for collecting and analysing evidence for it. Antiquarians were fascinated ... More


Bodies, Books, Histories: Augustine of Hippo and the Extraordinary (civ. Dei 16.8 and Pliny, HN 7)

Susanna Elm

in Rhetoric and Religious Identity in Late Antiquity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198813194
eISBN:
9780191851216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198813194.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Early Christian Studies

In his City of God, Augustine intermittently discussed extra-ordinary bodies, such as persons with one eye in the centre of their forehead or only one cubit tall called pygmies. Taking his cues from ... More


The Error of Roman Aesthetics

Caroline Vout

in Roman Error: Classical Reception and the Problem of Rome's Flaws

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198803034
eISBN:
9780191841774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803034.003.0002
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, History of Art: pre-history, BCE to 500CE, ancient and classical, Byzantine

Today, discussions of ancient art criticism privilege technical terms (akribeia [“accuracy”], aletheia [“truth”], decor [“fittingness”], symmetria [“symmetry”]). Discussions of Rome’s reception of ... More


Augustus and the First Egyptian Obelisks to Reach Rome

Susan Sorek

in The Emperors' Needles: Egyptian Obelisks and Rome

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9781904675518
eISBN:
9781781380772
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781904675518.003.0007
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

The accounts of first-century ad Roman writer, Pliny the Elder, state that Augustus brought several obelisks to Rome sometime between 13 bc and 10 bc, to mark the twentieth anniversary of the ... More


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