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Pleistocene Warming and Extinctions

Eric Post

in Ecology of Climate Change: The Importance of Biotic Interactions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148472
eISBN:
9781400846139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148472.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter explores the dynamics of plant and animal species and species assemblages during the Earth's most recent period of rapid warming to garner insights into the potential consequences of ... More


Era I—The Age of Human Survival

Jan G. Laitos

in The Right of Nonuse

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195386066
eISBN:
9780199949656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195386066.003.0003
Subject:
Law, Environmental and Energy Law

This chapter discusses the Age of Human Survival—which occurred tens of thousands of years ago during the Pleistocene Epoch. The first few early humans struggling to exist then were rather sparsely ... More


The early history of birds in Britain and Europe

D. W. Yalden and U. Albarella

in The History of British Birds

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199217519
eISBN:
9780191712296
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199217519.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Ornithology

Starting with the first bird, Archaeopteryx, about 150 million years ago, this chapter reviews bird history from then to the end of the Last Glaciation about 15,000 years ago. Cretaceous birds, from ... More


Herto Brains and Minds: Behaviour of Early Homo sapiens from the Middle Awash

Yonas Beyene

in Social Brain, Distributed Mind

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264522
eISBN:
9780191734724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264522.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The discovery of three late Middle Pleistocene hominid crania, Homo sapiens idaltu, at Herto in the Middle Awash research area in Ethiopia in 1997 shed considerable light on this little-known period ... More


The Morphological and Behavioural Origins of Modern Humans

Chris Stringer

in The Speciation of Modern Homo Sapiens

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263112
eISBN:
9780191734885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263112.003.0002
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This chapter provides an update on the speciation of modern Homo sapiens and the Out of Africa hypothesis. The majority of the fossil and genetic evidence favours an African origin for modern humans ... More


Island Melanesian Pasts: A View from Archeology

Glenn R. Summerhayes

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter identifies incipient trading networks and spheres of influence across the region, dating well back into the Upper Pleistocene. Over the more recent period, including the entire Holocene, ... More


Systematics and Evolution of the Sthenurine Kangaroos

Gavin Prideaux

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098459
eISBN:
9780520916050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098459.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This work represents an exhaustive review of one of the most important late Cenozoic radiations of Australian marsupials: the short-faced, or sthenurine kangaroos. Sthenurines originated in the ... More


Once and Future Giants: What Ice Age Extinctions Tell Us About the Fate of Earth's Largest Animals

Sharon Levy

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780195370126
eISBN:
9780190267766
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195370126.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Until about 13,000 years ago, Europe and North America were home to a menagerie of massive mammals. Mammoths, camels, and lions walked the ground that has become our cities and streets. Then, just as ... More


Early Human Life on the Southeastern Coastal Plain

Albert C. Goodyear and Christopher R. Moore (eds)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9781683400349
eISBN:
9781683401001
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9781683400349.001.0001
Subject:
Archaeology, Prehistoric Archaeology

This book is a collection of articles written by established researchers on the early prehistory of the Coastal Plain of the Southeastern U.S. The Coastal Plain is considered both geographically, as ... More


Introductio

J. Alan Holman

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

There is disagreement about the time of the beginning of the Pleistocene. For instance, Repenning (1987), a North American, puts the beginning date at 1.9 ... More


Herpetological Species as Paleoenvironmental Indicators

J. Alan Holman

in Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0010
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

In Chapter 5 we have seen that Pleistocene herpetofaunas are often used to suggest paleoenvironmental conditions. The present chapter discusses the ... More


Extinction Patterns in the Herpetofauna of the Pleistocene of Britain and Europe

J. Alan Holman

in Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0012
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

As we have seen in Chapter 4, many invalid European Pleistocene amphibian and reptile species were named on the basis of insufficient and inadequately ... More


Setting the Stage

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the early 1800s Georges Cuvier had proven animal extinction and Louis Agassiz a onetime Ice Age, putting in place key elements for telling past time. A new dimension of archaeology opened in ... More


Dangerous to the Cause of Science, 1915–1925

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the teens of the 20th century the evidence for a deep human antiquity took yet another turn, with the discovery of human skeletal remains in apparent association with extinct Pleistocene fauna. If ... More


Fast Forward, 1930–1941

David J. Meltzer

in The Great Paleolithic War: How Science Forged an Understanding of America's Ice Age Past

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780226293226
eISBN:
9780226293363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226293363.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Folsom inspired dozens of investigators to search for other early sites, and a tangible lesson: to find sites like search for large mammal bones, then look for associated artifacts. Of the nearly ... More


The Pleistocene in Britain and Europe

J. Alan Holman

in Title Pages

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0006
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

A general introduction to the Pleistocene with an emphasis on herpetological remains was presented in the companion volume Pleistocene Amphibians and ... More


Pleistocene Events in the Herpetofaunas of Britain and Europe, and North America Compared

J. Alan Holman

in Pleistocene Amphibians and Reptiles in Britain and Europe

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780195112320
eISBN:
9780197561096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195112320.003.0013
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Palaeontology: Earth Sciences

This last chapter deals with differences and similarities between British and European and North American Pleistocene herpetofaunas. Compared with North ... More


The roots of art

Anjan Chatterjee

in The Aesthetic Brain: How We Evolved to Desire Beauty and Enjoy Art

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199811809
eISBN:
9780199369546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199811809.003.0022
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Perhaps journeying back to the origins of art, we might find art in a pristine form. Philosophers point out difficulties in defining art, and critics and historians point out difficulties in ... More


Geochronology

Paul R. Renne, Leah E. Morgan, Giday Woldegabriel, William K. Hart, and Yohannes Haile-Selassie

in Ardipithecus kadabba: Late Miocene Evidence from the Middle Awash, Ethiopia

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254404
eISBN:
9780520942509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254404.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

40Ar/39Ar dating has been applied extensively to volcanic units of late Miocene to Pleistocene age in the Middle Awash study area, and is the most important dating method applied to these deposits. ... More


Pleistocene Inhabitants

Richard Pearson

in Ancient Ryukyu: An Archaeological Study of Island Communities

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824837129
eISBN:
9780824870980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824837129.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter describes the earliest archaeological findings of human groups—the Pleistocene fossils—from the Ryukyu Islands. These fossils range in date from 32,000 to 16,000 years ago. From 23,000 ... More


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