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A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Owen Chadwick

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This history of the ninteenth‐century popes covers the papacies of Gregory XVI, Pius IX, Leo XIII and Pius X in their religious and political aspects. The period was dominated by the question of ... More


A Liberal Pope, 1846–1848

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The election of Pius IX in 1846 aroused great enthusiasm among liberals and nationalists in Italy, and the evidence indicates that for the first two years of his papacy, until the Roman Revolution of ... More


Catholic Power

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The 1850s were ’the last years of Catholic power in Europe’. In France the regime of Napoleon III was friendly and presided over a Catholic revival, but this sharpened divisions between Catholics and ... More


The Prisoner of the Vatican

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The taking of Rome by the Italian army in 1870 made the pope ’the prisoner of the Vatican’ a situation Pius IX preferred to live with rather than flee, and the new Italian authorities were careful to ... More


The Need for a Council

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the 1860s the pope's position in Rome depended on the presence of the French garrison there and, although Napoleon III wished to withdraw, he could not do so unless the Piedmontese promised not to ... More


The Making of Italy

Owen Chadwick

in A History of the Popes 1830-1914

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198269229
eISBN:
9780191600456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198269226.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

As the movement for Italian unification under the monarchy of Piedmont came to express the aspirations of nationalists and liberals throughout the peninsula, Pius IX showed that he wanted to part of ... More


A Free Church in a Free State: The Roman Question

Carol E. Harrison

in Romantic Catholics: France's Postrevolutionary Generation in Search of a Modern Faith

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801452451
eISBN:
9780801470592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801452451.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the demise of the Papal States and the Roman Question—the Italian Risorgimento's threat to the territorial sovereignty of the papacy in the 1850s and 1860s. It first considers ... More


Atheism and Salvation from Pius IX to Vatican II

Stephen Bullivant

in The Salvation of Atheists and Catholic Dogmatic Theology

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199652563
eISBN:
9780191740725
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199652563.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

This chapter explores the key developments in Catholic approaches to both the salvation of non-Christians and the growing phenomenon of modern atheism, in the century preceding Vatican II. Special ... More


Irish Violence and Roman Intrigue, 1847–1848

DONAL A. KERR

in ‘A Nation of Beggars’?: Priests, People, and Politics in Famine Ireland, 1846–1852

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207375
eISBN:
9780191677649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207375.003.0004
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

While the lord lieutenant and the bishops were grappling as best they could with the problems posed by the Famine, European attention was focusing on Rome. By 1847 Pius IX’s position had become the ... More


‘A Nation of Beggars’?: Priests, People, and Politics in Famine Ireland, 1846–1852

Donal A. Kerr

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198207375
eISBN:
9780191677649
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198207375.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This is the first full account of the role of the Irish Catholic Church in the Great Famine of 1846 and its aftermath. The author shows how the Famine and the subsequent evictions led to rural ... More


The British Ambassador and the Funeral of Pope Pius IX

Owen Chadwick

in Religious Change in Europe 1650–1914: Essays for John McManners

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198205968
eISBN:
9780191676871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198205968.003.0019
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Religion

Pope Pius IX died in February 1878. He had resisted the Italian Risorgimento to the last breath of a pontificate which had gone on for longer than that of any other pope. At his death he was as ... More


Principalities and Powers

Mary Orr

in Flaubert's Tentation: Remapping Nineteenth-Century French Histories of Religion and Science

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199258581
eISBN:
9780191718083
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258581.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, World Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter addresses among the most critically commented tableaux of the Tentation. It argues against reading the famous ‘Nebuchadnezzar's Feast’ and ‘Queen of Sheba’ set‐pieces as allegedly ... More


Between Munich and Rome: The Formation of a German Catholic Scholar

Thomas Albert Howard

in The Pope and the Professor: Pius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198729198
eISBN:
9780191795893
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter discusses the early career of Döllinger, situating his intellectual development in the context of Southern German Catholicism during a time of immense crisis and transition: the collapse ... More


Losing Faith: Ultramontane Liberalism and Democratic Failure

Elizabeth Fenton

in Religious Liberties: Anti-Catholicism and Liberal Democracy in Nineteenth-Century U.S. Literature and Culture

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195384093
eISBN:
9780199893584
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384093.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter focuses on Henry Adams’s novel Democracy (1880) and Mark Twain’s A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) and shows that these authors draw on caricatures of the Catholic ... More


Conclusion: Newman’s Theory in the Balance of Nineteenth-Century Roman Catholic Thought

C. Michael Shea

in Newman's Early Roman Catholic Legacy, 1845-1854

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780198802563
eISBN:
9780191840845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198802563.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The conclusion reassesses the early impact of Newman’s theory of development. Contrary to studies of the last several decades, Newman’s theory was not marginal to nineteenth-century Roman Catholic ... More


Bringing about the Republican Millennium

John C. Pinheiro

in Missionaries of Republicanism: A Religious History of the Mexican-American War

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199948673
eISBN:
9780199380794
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199948673.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter shows how the end of the war tested the American commitment to the Beecherite synthesis. During the first half of 1848 congressmen turned with renewed vigor to the malleable rhetoric of ... More


The Errington Case

Serenhedd James

in George Errington and Roman Catholic Identity in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766391
eISBN:
9780191820939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766391.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Chapter 6 focuses on the Errington case: the attempt by Wiseman and Manning to have Errington removed as Coadjutor of Westminster, and Errington’s own attempt, with his supporters, to stop them. ... More


The Pope and the Professor: Pius IX, Ignaz von Döllinger, and the Quandary of the Modern Age

Thomas Albert Howard

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780198729198
eISBN:
9780191795893
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198729198.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

The Pope and the Professor tells the neglected story of the German Catholic theologian and historian Ignaz von Döllinger (1799–1890), who fiercely opposed the dogma of Papal Infallibility at the time ... More


Last Stand

Serenhedd James

in George Errington and Roman Catholic Identity in Nineteenth-Century England

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766391
eISBN:
9780191820939
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766391.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Theology, Church History

Chapter 8 assesses Errington’s impact as a Council Father at Vatican I. A critique of his public statements demonstrates his commitment to the relationship of a bishop to his people, and to an ... More


The Council of Ferrara-Florence to Vatican I

A. Edward Siecienski

in The Papacy and the Orthodox: Sources and History of a Debate

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
February 2017
ISBN:
9780190245252
eISBN:
9780190245276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190245252.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

This chapter begins with a discussion of the Council of Ferrara-Florence and the difficult centuries that followed for both East and West—Rome dealing with the challenges posed by the Protestant ... More


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