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Piers Plowman and Social Likeness: How to Know God “Kyndely”

Eleanor Johnson

in Staging Contemplation: Participatory Theology in Middle English Prose, Verse, and Drama

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226572031
eISBN:
9780226572208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226572208.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter analyzes how the rebarbative and difficult poem Piers Plowman stages participatory contemplation through poetic language. Focusing on the poetic forms of likeness that stud the ... More


Langland's Fictions

J. A. Burrow

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

Langland's Piers Plowman is a profoundly Christian poem, which nevertheless has enjoyed a wide general appeal. Readers – both religious and non-religious – have been drawn by the power of Langland's ... More


Conscience in the Versions of Piers Plowman

SARAH WOOD

in Conscience and the Composition of Piers Plowman

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653768
eISBN:
9780191741678
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653768.003.0007
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Poetry

This chapter argues that each of Conscience's new appearances in the C text is not only related to other contemporary texts and discourses (such as those discussed in the previous chapter), but also ... More


A Gathering of Dreams

J. A. Burrow

in Langland's Fictions

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses Piers Plowman and considers it as a dream poem, emphasizing particularly Langland's art in constructing it out from a number of separate dreams. Based on the information found ... More


Fictions of History

J. A. Burrow

in Langland's Fictions

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the concept of ‘fictions of history’, which is shown in the last part of Piers Plowman. The action shown loosely follows the order of history, i.e. the history of salvation. ... More


Introduction

J. A. Burrow

in Langland's Fictions

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the poem Piers Plowman, which has always had a particular appeal for those readers who share, in one form or another, the poet's own Christian faith. It also includes summaries ... More


The Audience of Piers Plowman *

J.A. Burrow

in Essays on Medieval Literature

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198111870
eISBN:
9780191670657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198111870.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses the significance of the contemporary audience of Piers Plowman. This poem seemed to gain popularity among some classes of the community during the 14th century that was not ... More


The Action of Langland's Second Vision *

J.A. Burrow

in Essays on Medieval Literature

Published in print:
1984
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198111870
eISBN:
9780191670657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198111870.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses what Langland did in his work Piers Plowman, which went through ten different visions. The second vision is where the poem's most famous episodes can be read, and these involve ... More


Afterword

J. A. Burrow

in Langland's Fictions

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter provides a brief summary of the discussions presented in the preceding chapters regarding Langland and the poem Piers Plowman. It is determined that Langland's poem possesses a fictive ... More


‘Ther are bokes ynowe’: texts and the ambiguities of knowledge in Piers Plowman1

Kath Stevenson

in Aspects of knowledge: Preserving and reinventing traditions of learning in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780719097843
eISBN:
9781526135896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719097843.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter, by Kath Stevenson, explains that traditions of Christian knowledge are an abiding preoccupation for William Langland in Piers Plowman, with Langland exploring fundamental questions ... More


Fictions of the Divided Mind

J. A. Burrow

in Langland's Fictions

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198112938
eISBN:
9780191670879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198112938.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses Langland's sensitivity to conflicting considerations and apparently irreconcilable truths. The poem is able to create an imaginary space within which the irreconcilables can ... More


From “Wit to Wisedom”: Langland's Ymaginatif

Michelle Karnes

in Imagination, Meditation, and Cognition in the Middle Ages

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226425313
eISBN:
9780226425337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226425337.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter discusses a poem, Piers Plowman that relies on imagination overtly. Piers Plowman's Ymaginatif serves the familiar function of drawing the mind—here Will's mind—from natural, sensory ... More


Grammaticalization and Literary Form

Christopher Cannon

in From Literacy to Literature: England, 1300–1400

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198779438
eISBN:
9780191824562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198779438.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, World Literature

Middle English poetry was grammaticalized because it sometimes took the form of basic exercises of literacy training. This is apparent in William Langland’s Piers Plowman, which can look at ... More


Beyond Measure: Langland’s Law of Kynde

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

Chapter 4 argues that Langland associates kynde with the tradition of natural law described by Alan of Lille as the innate desire to love God and neighbor and codified by Gratian’s Decretum in terms ... More


“Fader and formour”: Langland’s Creator Kynde

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter reads Kynde as the consequence of Langland’s conception of the Christian deity as a “ful God” (B.17.168). Complicating the poem’s frequent association of kynde and need, it draws ... More


Dowel, the Proverbial, and the Vernacular: Some Versions of Pastoralia

Anne Middleton

in Medieval Poetics and Social Practice: Responding to the Work of Penn R. Szittya

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780823243242
eISBN:
9780823243280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823243242.003.0009
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This essay begins with Piers Plowman's use of the adage “Do well and have well,” a phrase that elegantly interweaves poetics and social practice. It prescribes practice within a form that reveals the ... More


“Diuerse siȝtes”: Encyclopedism and Interpretation in Piers Plowman

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0004
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

This chapter reads the narrator’s quest for “kynde knowynge” in the context of contemporary discourses on the value of the natural world as a site for knowledge. In his efforts to discover truth ... More


Gardens and fields

Gillian Rudd

in Greenery: Ecocritical Readings of Late Medieval English Literature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719072482
eISBN:
9781781701713
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719072482.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

This chapter discusses the use of gardens and fields in medieval texts, where they both provide a sense of retreat from the outside world and restoration of the spirit. It determines that the garden ... More


“Fullynge” Kynde: Nature, Salvation, and Human Action in Piers Plowman

Rebecca Davis

in Piers Plowman and the Books of Nature

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
October 2016
ISBN:
9780198778400
eISBN:
9780191823831
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198778400.003.0006
Subject:
Literature, Poetry, Early and Medieval Literature

Developing the previous chapter’s concerns with judgment and burden-bearing, Chapter 5 examines the poem’s associations of evangelism and the obligations of kynde. In B.15 Anima contends that ... More


Alliterative Poetry and the Time of Antiquity

Emily Steiner

in The Oxford History of Classical Reception in English Literature: Volume 1: 800–1558

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199587230
eISBN:
9780191820410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587230.003.0019
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter discusses the time of classical antiquity in English alliterative poetry, c.1360–1420, a period of intense literary creativity. Alliterative poets in this period were attracted to what ... More


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