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Leibnizianism and the Solidification of the French Enlightenment

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By 1740, the Newton wars in France were in full swing. Voltaire was at the center of the struggle, and one theater of combat was the campaign, waged by him and the Marquise du Châtelet, to respond to ... More


The Invention of French Newtonianism: Maupertuis and Voltaire

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis announced his Newtonianism from the highest levels of the French scientific establishment. Voltaire, by contrast, proclaimed his from within the public space of the ... More


The Evolution and Genius of Language: Debates in the Berlin Academy

Avi Lifschitz

in Language and Enlightenment: The Berlin Debates of the Eighteenth Century

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199661664
eISBN:
9780191751653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661664.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Modern History, History of Ideas

After an overview of the history of the Berlin Academy since its foundation in 1700, this chapter outlines the main questions concerning language that were debated in Berlin of the 1750s. Foremost ... More


A French Culture War: The Battle over Newtonianism

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0007
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By 1738, all the key theaters of the Newton wars had opened and were hot with conflict. Pierre-Louis Moreau de Maupertuis' Discourse on the Different Figures of the Planets and the discussions of ... More


Introduction: Provincializing Newton, or Building in the Ruins of a Grand Narrative of Modernity1

in The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226749457
eISBN:
9780226749471
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226749471.003.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

In 1687, the year Isaac Newton's Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica appeared, few Frenchmen even knew who the author was and even fewer actually read the book. Yet a century later he and ... More


The Principle of Least Action: From Teleology to Causality

Yemima Ben-Menahem

in Causation in Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780691174938
eISBN:
9781400889297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691174938.003.0006
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter examines the place of the “least action” principle in the causal family and its role in in modern science's transition from teleology to causality. It first provides an overview of the ... More


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