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Bayle and the ‘Virtuous Atheist’

Jonathan I. Israel

in Radical Enlightenment: Philosophy and the Making of Modernity 1650-1750

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206088
eISBN:
9780191676970
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206088.003.0018
Subject:
History, History of Ideas, European Modern History

The most enigmatic and controversial, as well as probably the single most widely read and influential thinker of the Early Enlightenment, was the ‘philosopher of Rotterdam’ — Pierre Bayle ... More


Introduction

John Kilcullen

in Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle, and Toleration

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266914
eISBN:
9780191683114
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266914.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This introductory chapter presents an overview of the four chapters featured in this volume. The chapters all arose in one way or another from reflection on Pierre Bayle's Philosophical Commentary on ... More


The Monster of Atheism: Its Being and Attributes

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The early responses to the Treatise show that the issue of “atheism” was neither peripheral nor irrelevant to the way that Hume's own contemporaries understood his aims and objectives. Most ... More


Sincerity and Truth: Essays on Arnauld, Bayle, and Toleration

John Kilcullen

Published in print:
1988
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198266914
eISBN:
9780191683114
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198266914.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

The chapters in this book reflect upon Pierre Bayle's Philosophical Commentary on the Words of the Gospel ‘Compel them to come in’, which appeared in parts in 1686–88, a classic statement of the case ... More


The Two Tribunals: Pierre Jurieu before the Republic of Letters and the State

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter opens by documenting the heated theological–political polemic between Bayle and his former friend Pierre Jurieu, which ran directly parallel to the genesis of the Dictionnaire in the ... More


Pierre Bayle and Biblical Criticism

Jean Bernier

in Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age: God's Word Questioned

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198806837
eISBN:
9780191844379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806837.003.0012
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

The Huguenot refugee Pierre Bayle (1647–1706) quickly gained fame in the Republic of Letters as an omnivorous reader and prolific writer. He also touched upon the interpretation of biblical texts, ... More


Round Two: Evil, Silence, and Apology in the Second Edition (1702)

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0006
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter analyses the second edition of the Dictionnaire, published in 1702. After the first edition had been censured by the Church authorities for its heretical and obscene passages, Bayle ... More


Of War and Peace: An Anatomy of Fanaticism and Intolerance

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter investigates Bayle’s critical engagement with Jurieu in the context of the intersecting themes of religious fanaticism and intolerance. The Dutch Refuge of the 1690s was marked by a ... More


Bayle’s Labyrinth: The Genesis, Style, and Structure of the Dictionnaire (1689–96)

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter demonstrates how the interplay of argument, style, and structure functions in the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique, and argues that any interpretation of the work must be grounded in ... More


Martin Clifford and his Treatise of humane reason (1674): A Europe-wide debate

Giovanni Tarantino

in Philosophy and Religion in Enlightenment Britain: New Case Studies

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199227044
eISBN:
9780191739309
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227044.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

In 1674, Martin Clifford, a secretly atheist headmaster entrusted with the task of moulding the future governing class among young men in London, anonymously published a treatise calling for a ... More


How the Stoics Became Atheists

Christopher Brooke

in Philosophic Pride: Stoicism and Political Thought from Lipsius to Rousseau

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691152080
eISBN:
9781400842414
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691152080.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter explores the wider and largely Continental story of how the Stoics became atheists. The Neostoicisms of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century had been explicitly intended as ... More


Remedial Education in Professor Bayle's History Class

in Playing the Fool: Subversive Laughter in Troubled Times

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226473154
eISBN:
9780226473178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226473178.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Pierre Bayle has entertained readers with his fireworks, his deflation of pretensions, his frequent off-color insinuations, and his bravura performances. These features made Bayle's Historical and ... More


The Origins of Evil (1686–96): Bayle and Jurieu on Faith and Reason

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This chapter examines Bayle’s curious espousal of Jurieu’s theology in various articles of the Dictionnaire. Jurieu had published various theological works in which he argued that religious belief ... More


Introduction: The Dictionnaire and the Twice-entombed

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Introduction briefly introduces the historiographical debate on interpreting Bayle, and proposes to establish a new way of reading the Dictionnaire, under a dual premise: first, that the work can ... More


The Practical Pyrrhonist

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter provides a general interpretation of the irreligious character of Hume's sceptical intentions in the Treatise. Although the Treatise remains the primary concern, the discussion also ... More


Morality without Religion

Paul Russell

in The Riddle of Hume's Treatise: Skepticism, Naturalism, and Irreligion

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195110333
eISBN:
9780199872084
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195110333.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

According to the irreligious interpretation, there are two key claims that Hume seeks to establish in the Treatise in respect of morality. The first is that Hume defends the “autonomy of morality” in ... More


Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Mara van der Lugt

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

This book presents a new study of Pierre Bayle’s Dictionnaire Historique et Critique (1696), with special reference to Bayle’s polemical engagement with the theologian Pierre Jurieu. While recent ... More


Bayle, the Bible, and the Remonstrant Tradition at the Time of the Commentaire philosophique

Maria-Cristina Pitassi

in Scriptural Authority and Biblical Criticism in the Dutch Golden Age: God's Word Questioned

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198806837
eISBN:
9780191844379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198806837.003.0013
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

Bayle’s equivocal relationship to Arminianism is here examined from the perspective of the status of the Bible. Though rejecting the doctrine that every word was to be considered divinely inspired, ... More


Conclusion: The Dictionnaire and the Impossibility of Silence

Mara van der Lugt

in Bayle, Jurieu, and the Dictionnaire Historique et Critique

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198769262
eISBN:
9780191822346
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769262.003.0007
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The Conclusion briefly discusses Bayle’s writings after the Dictionnaire, in which Bayle repeatedly yet problematically associates his own theological stance with that of Jurieu. It argues that the ... More


The French Reception of Thomas Hobbes

Robin Douglass

in Rousseau and Hobbes: Nature, Free Will, and the Passions

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780198724964
eISBN:
9780191792441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198724964.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter sets out the intellectual context for Rousseau’s engagement with Hobbes by surveying Hobbes’s French reception during the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. The chapter ... More


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