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The Pictorial Character of Language

David Pears

in Paradox and Platitude in Wittgenstein's Philosophy

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199247707
eISBN:
9780191714481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199247707.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter describes the emergence of the Picture Theory in the early phase of Wittgenstein's philosophy. The general idea developed in the theory is that a verbal description of a scene is like ... More


From an Ontological Point of View

John Heil

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Implicit in much contemporary philosophy is a Picture Theory of language according to which we can ‘read off’ features of the world from features of our ways of talking about the world. Predicates ... More


Introduction

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Ontology is inescapable: even anti‐realists must be realists about something (minds, language, theories). Contemporary ontology has suffered from allegiance to an implicit Picture Theory of language ... More


Use Theories

Herman Cappelen and Ernie Lepore

in Language Turned on Itself: The Semantics and Pragmatics of Metalinguistic Discourse

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199231195
eISBN:
9780191710810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231195.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter begins with a discussion of the two most serious versions of the Use Theory, namely Saka's and Recanati's Use Theories respectively. It then covers the history of Use Theories and the ... More


Philosophical Analysis

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Only philosophers beguiled by the Picture Theory could imagine that we are in a position to discover deep truths about the world by analysing language. Absolutists hold that, for stretches of ... More


Truth Making

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Truths require truth‐makers; but what is it to be ‘made true’? One possibility: truth‐makers entail truths. I reject this account, arguing that entailment is a relation holding among representations, ... More


Predicates and Properties

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Realists take truth seriously, but what does realism require? Misguided commitment to a certain principle, (Φ), has led philosophers down the garden path. According to (Φ) predicates applying truly ... More


Abandoning the Levels Conception: First Steps

John Heil

in From an Ontological Point of View

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199259748
eISBN:
9780191597657
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259747.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Proponents of the idea that reality is hierarchical appeal to the ‘multiple realizability’ of higher‐level properties. The ontology of multiple realizability is fuzzy, however, and in any case, we ... More


Image-text: From the ‘Photobook-essayism’

in Photo-texts: Contemporary French Writing of the Photographic Image

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846310522
eISBN:
9781846316128
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9781846310522.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

The ubiquity of photographic images in contemporary society has raised concerns among some theorists, including Vilém Flusser, who theorises the impact of the predominance of photography on an ... More


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