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The New Department

David H. Hubel

in Brain and Visual Perception: The Story of a 25-year Collaboration

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195176186
eISBN:
9780199847013
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176186.003.0006
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

The first-ever Department of Neurobiology was launched in 1966, with Kuffler as the chairman. In the 1960s and 1970s, the main problem between Torsten and David concerned the question of continuing ... More


Becoming a New Liberal, 1887–1898

P. J. Cain

in Hobson and Imperialism: Radicalism, New Liberalism, and Finance 1887-1938

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203902
eISBN:
9780191719141
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203902.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter demonstrates that Hobson's radicalism was not inherited, but something he had to learn after he came to London in the mid-1880s and began writing ‘A London Letter’ for his father's ... More


Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Hugh Epstein

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

The first book-length study of connections between these two major authors, this book reads the highly descriptive impressionist fiction of Hardy and Conrad together in the light of a shared ... More


Affectivity in Mental Disorder: Maudsley

Jennifer Radden

in The Nature of Melancholy: From Aristotle to Kristeva

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195151657
eISBN:
9780199849253
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195151657.003.0024
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter presents Henry Maudsley's discussion of melancholy. Living between 1835 and 1918, Maudsley oversaw and greatly shaped the development of British psychiatry in this crucial period. In the ... More


The Physiology of Sensation and Literary Style: Desperate Remedies and The Rescue

Hugh Epstein

in Hardy, Conrad and the Senses

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781474449861
eISBN:
9781474477086
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474449861.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

This chapter pairs two formative, but often disregarded novels, Desperate Remedies and The Rescue, on the basis of their shared interest in sensation. Also showing that sensation is a fundamental ... More


Helmholtz and the Sirens

Peter Pesic

in Music and the Making of Modern Science

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262027274
eISBN:
9780262324380
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027274.003.0015
Subject:
Music, History, Western

Hermann von Helmholtz’s investigations of physiological optics and acoustics reflected his profound interest in music. After devising instruments to measure the space and time parameters of visual ... More


Before Neuromania

Jason Tougaw

in The Elusive Brain: Literary Experiments in the Age of Neuroscience

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780300221176
eISBN:
9780300235609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300221176.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Criticism/Theory

Chapter 1 examines influential texts published during the 1990s, by Oliver Sacks, Kay Redfield Jamison, Temple Grandin, Richard Powers, and David Lodge. The argument of the chapter is that these ... More


Discovering Delirium Tremens

Matthew Warner Osborn

in Rum Maniacs: Alcoholic Insanity in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226099897
eISBN:
9780226099927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099927.003.0003
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter 2 describes why delirium tremens became a topic of intense medical interest to American physicians soon after it was first described in 1813. While previously physicians had little interest ... More


The Pathology of Intemperance

Matthew Warner Osborn

in Rum Maniacs: Alcoholic Insanity in the Early American Republic

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780226099897
eISBN:
9780226099927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226099927.003.0006
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

Chapter five charts how and why the medical profession developed and popularized the view that heavy habitual drinking constitutes an incurable physiological disease. In public lectures, journals, ... More


Sex in School: Educating the Junior High Students in Early Republican China

Jen-der Lee

in Gender, Health, and History in Modern East Asia

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9789888390908
eISBN:
9789888455096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789888390908.003.0003
Subject:
History, Asian History

Nearly two hundred volumes of physiology and hygiene textbooks, together with governmental and other materials, are investigated in this chapter to illuminate the intricacies in drawing the moral ... More


The Organism-Mechanism Relationship: An Issue in the Leibniz-Stahl Controversy

François Duchesneau

in The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199987313
eISBN:
9780199346240
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199987313.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The polemics between Leibniz and Stahl stages alternative theses concerning the specific nature of the living and the relationship of soul and organic body, as well as contrasting methodological ... More


Physicians in neurological societies; neurologists in general medical societies

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter explores the emergence of Britain's first Neurological Society by setting it in sharp contrast to its important specialist counterpart, the Ophthalmological Society of the United ... More


Wounding realities and ‘painful excitements’: real sympathy, the imitation of suffering and the visual arts after Burke’s sublime

Aris Sarafianos

in The Hurt(ful) Body: Performing and Beholding Pain, 1600-1800

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784995164
eISBN:
9781526128249
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784995164.003.0008
Subject:
History, Social History

This chapter shows the vital role of injury and suffering in redefining art practices and aesthetic experience from the 1750s onwards. It investigates the role of Burke’s sublime in the introduction ... More


The Great Life-Long Mistake: Women’s Rights Advocates and the Feminist Critique of Early Marriage

Nicholas L. Syrett

in American Child Bride: A History of Minors and Marriage in the United States

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781469629537
eISBN:
9781469629551
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469629537.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Medieval History

Focusing on the writings of antebellum women’s rights activist Elizabeth Oakes Smith, this chapter demonstrates that many objected to early marriage for girls, but for a variety of reasons. Some ... More


The Reorientation Regime: Therapeutic Techniques in an Anti-Homosexual Era, 1948–1972

Tom Waidzunas

in The Straight Line: How the Fringe Science of Ex-Gay Therapy Reoriented Sexuality

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816696147
eISBN:
9781452953663
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816696147.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Gender and Sexuality

Following the landmark Kinsey studies, psychoanalysts in the United States responded to the threat of homosexuality with treatments that departed from Freud, measuring cure in terms of behavior. ... More


The Brain and the Embryo

Raymond Ruyer and Alyosha Edlebi

in Neofinalism

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780816692040
eISBN:
9781452953700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816692040.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter demonstrates that the brain retains the equipotentiality of the egg or embryonic areas. It then tackles the various explanations of equipotentiality given by embryologists and ... More


Starvation Science and Political Economy

Andrew Mangham

in The Science of Starving in Victorian Literature, Medicine, and Political Economy

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198850038
eISBN:
9780191884511
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198850038.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter suggests, contrary to views such as those expressed in Terry Eagleton’s Heathcliff and the Great Hunger (1995), that political economy was not ‘a gross, materialist language, heavy with ... More


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