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The prospect of invasion

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0013
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

The final chapter of the book focuses on fears about the importation of yellow fever from the West Indies during and immediately after the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It argues that ... More


‘Accidents of the air’: Sydenham and Boerhaave in the tropics

Mark Harrison

in Medicine in an age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies 1660-1830

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577736
eISBN:
9780191595196
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577736.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Chapter 2 shows how British practitioners, many from Dissenting backgrounds or trained at the University of Edinburgh, sought to apply the insights of Sydenham and Boerhaave to their work on disease ... More


Technical Public Health: The 1971 Cross‐Government Enquiry and the Rise of Economics

Virginia Berridge

in Marketing Health: Smoking and the Discourse of Public Health in Britain, 1945-2000

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199260300
eISBN:
9780191717376
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199260300.003.0005
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter discusses the significance of the publication of the second Royal College of Physicians report Smoking and Health Now in 1971. The report led to the a cross-governmental enquiry into ... More


Speaking for the Dying: Life-and-Death Decisions in Intensive Care

Susan P. Shapiro

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780226615608
eISBN:
9780226615882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226615882.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

Seventy percent of Americans age 60 or over requiring decisions about medical treatment in the final days of life lack capacity to make these decisions. The biggest life-and-death decisions of their ... More


Feminine missionary medical professionalism and secular medical feminists, 1880–1927

Tim Allender

in Learning Femininity In Colonial India, 1820-1932

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780719085796
eISBN:
9781526104298
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719085796.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter examines how missionary education feminised medical learning outcomes in India. Male medical colleges in each major Indian province were citadels that were cleverly infiltrated by female ... More


The Vaccine Schedule

Paul A. Offit and Charlotte A. Moser

in Vaccines and Your Child: Separating Fact from Fiction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231153072
eISBN:
9780231526715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231153072.003.0008
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter focuses on the vaccine schedule. Three groups determine the vaccine schedule: the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), and the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). ... More


The Treatment of Intractable Pain In Terminal Cancer: First published in Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 56, no. 3 (March 1963), pp. 195–7 (Section of Surgery, pp. 5–7).

Cicely Saunders

in Cicely Saunders: Selected Writings 1958-2004

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780198570530
eISBN:
9780191730412
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570530.003.0010
Subject:
Palliative Care, Palliative Medicine Research

This paper is widely cited as a landmark contribution in the discussions about terminal care that were beginning to take place in the United Kingdom in the early 1960s. Published in 1963 and based on ... More


How the Government Created the Medical Profession

Robert I. Field

in Mother of Invention: How the Government Created "Free-Market" Health Care

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199746750
eISBN:
9780199354528
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746750.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

American physicians have not always enjoyed the high incomes and social standing they do today. The American Medical Association worked with state governments in the late nineteenth and early ... More


Material Omitted from the Original English Edition

Javier DeFelipe and Edward G. Jones

in Cajal's Degeneration and Regeneration of the Nervous System

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195065169
eISBN:
9780199847242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195065169.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

The Commission of Spanish Physicians of Buenos Aires wrote a dedicatory for Santiago Ramón y Cajal. It is stated that Cajal has not only the very great merit of having personally created science but ... More


The Healthcare Professional Workforce: Understanding Human Capital in a Changing Industry

Timothy J. Hoff, Kathleen M. Sutcliffe, and Gary J. Young

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780190215651
eISBN:
9780190215682
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215651.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This book examines major transformations in the U.S. health professions workforce, and how various professionals are being affected by a myriad of industry and societal trends as well as new policies ... More


Early Medical and Scientific Interests: 1792–1800

Melvyn C. Usselman

in Pure Intelligence: The Life of William Hyde Wollaston

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226245737
eISBN:
9780226245874
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226245874.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter describes W. H. Wollaston’s scientific interests in the 1790s, including chemical analysis on a micro scale and substance identification by crystallographic properties. Wollaston’s ... More


U.S. Sanitary Commission Physicians and the Transformation of American Health Care

Kathryn Shively Meier

in So Conceived and So Dedicated: Intellectual Life in the Civil War Era North

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780823264476
eISBN:
9780823266609
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823264476.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Although the Jacksonian era did much to erode the relationship between professional physicians and the American populace, the Civil War provided a singular opportunity for a new class of doctors to ... More


Nativities established

Mark S. Dawson

in Bodies Complexioned: Human Variation and Racism in Early Modern English Culture, C. 1600-1750

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781526134486
eISBN:
9781526146656
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7765/9781526134493.00009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Early modern bodies, we are told, were conceived of as ‘fluid’ and ‘permeable’, or ‘mutable’ and ‘fluxable’, because their constituent humours were always and everywhere at the mercy of the immediate ... More


Manifest Destinies

in The Passage to Cosmos: Alexander von Humboldt and the Shaping of America

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226871820
eISBN:
9780226871844
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226871844.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 19th Century

This chapter discusses the following: Humboldt's visit to the United States in 1804; his scientific work and publications while in Paris; his move to Berlin in early 1827, where he became the king's ... More


The Admission of Women to the KQCPI and Irish Medical Schools

Laura Kelly

in Irish Women in Medicine, c. 1880s-1920s: Origins, Education and Careers

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780719088353
eISBN:
9781781704622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719088353.003.0003
Subject:
History, Cultural History

Chapter 2 suggests that the King and Queen's College of Physicians in Ireland decided to admit women for a combination of reasons. It is likely that the KQCPI viewed the admission of women from a ... More


Neurology and state medicine

Stephen T. Casper

in The neurologists: A history of a medical specialty in modern Britain, c.17892000

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780719091926
eISBN:
9781781706992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719091926.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Neurology's twin programme – its scientific research and clinical practice – never found an easy alliance. The clinical work, the research, and the bureaucratic features and administrative needs of ... More


‘The nuclear arms race is psychological at its roots’:1 physicians and their therapies for the Cold War

Claudia Kemper

in Understanding the Imaginary War: Culture, Thought and Nuclear Conflict, 1945-90

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9781784994402
eISBN:
9781526115126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994402.003.0010
Subject:
History, Military History

How did physicians feed the imagination of the Cold War? The example of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW) clearly illustrates how medical expertise drew attention on ... More


Peace

in The Turnstone: A Doctor's Story

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9780853237570
eISBN:
9781846314292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780853237570.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter focuses on the author's return to civilian life in 1945. He obtained the post of medical registrar at the Royal Infirmary, where he taught six to eight medical students, and in September ... More


A Clash of Values

Daniel K. Williams

in Defenders of the Unborn: The Pro-Life Movement before Roe v. Wade

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780199391646
eISBN:
9780199391677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199391646.003.0002
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

The pro-life movement can trace its origins to debates that occurred in the 1930s, when Catholic physicians reacted against the first abortion legalization proposals. This chapter argues that the ... More


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