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RECOLLECTIONS

Elias Burstein

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter includes recollections by Elias Burstein about his meetings with L. V. Keldysh in 1960s. It describes research links between US and USSR condensed matter physicists over four decades ... More


f i v e The Universal Natural History The Purposiveness of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s second book, Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens (1755). Section 1 describes the context of the book and Kant’s critique of static and anthropocentric ... More


s e v e n The Physical Monadology and theElements of Nature

Martin Schöneld

in The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195132182
eISBN:
9780199786336
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195132181.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter explores Kant’s professorial thesis, The Joint Use of Metaphysics and Geometry in Natural Philosophy, the First Example of Which Contains the Physical Monadology (1756). Section 1 ... More


The creation of the NPL Mathematics Division

Mary Croarken

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0003
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

In April 1945, the journal Nature announced that the National Physical Laboratory would ‘extend its activities by the establishment of a Mathematics Division’. The new Mathematics Division was ... More


The origins and development of the ACE project

B. Jack Copeland

in Alan Turing's Automatic Computing Engine: The Master Codebreaker's Struggle to build the Modern Computer

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198565932
eISBN:
9780191714016
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198565932.003.0004
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter details the history of the Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) project. The story of the ACE begins with John Womersley's appointment as superintendent of the newly created Mathematics ... More


The Fit Male Body, Nation, and Empire

Ina Zweiniger‐Bargielowska

in Managing the Body: Beauty, Health, and Fitness in Britain 1880-1939

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199280520
eISBN:
9780191594878
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199280520.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The question of national physique was catapulted to the forefront of public debate amidst revelations of high rejection rates among military recruits during the Boer War, 1899‐1902. Military ... More


ONCE AGAIN ON THE “PHYSICAL MINIMUM”

V. L. Ginzburg

in Problems of Condensed Matter Physics: Quantum coherence phenomena in electron-hole and coupled matter-light systems

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199238873
eISBN:
9780191716652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238873.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter reviews the concept of ‘Physical Minimum’, a list of research problems of physics and astrophysics which are particularly important, challenging, and interesting in the beginning of the ... More


Is the Universe a Hologram?: Scientists Answer the Most Provocative Questions

Adolfo Plasencia

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780262036016
eISBN:
9780262339308
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262036016.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The place of discovery and generation of human knowledge has become a somewhat fuzzy area, and it is at the crossroads of equally blurred disciplines where new glimpses of the future occur. This book ... More


Chasing Ghosts: Spiritualism and the Struggle for Public Knowledge

Michael D. Gordin (ed.)

in A Well-Ordered Thing

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691172385
eISBN:
9780691184425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691172385.003.0004
Subject:
History, Russian and Former Soviet Union History

This chapter looks at the controversy surrounding Spiritualism in the 1870s. Considered by many a modernized religion more suited to the day's empirical advances, Spiritualism sparked substantial ... More


The Idea of Physical Reality

Barry Stroud

in The Quest for Reality: Subjectivism and the Metaphysics of Colour

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151886
eISBN:
9780199867189
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151887.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Argues that an absolute conception of reality, starting from a minimal, absolute framework, is needed in order to investigate whether colour belongs to it or is due to human subjectivity. Examines ... More


Ageing with disability: A lifecourse perspective

Eva Grassman and Anna Whitaker

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9781447305224
eISBN:
9781447310907
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305224.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

This is the first book to address the issue of ageing after a long life with disability. It breaks new ground through its particular lifecourse perspective, examining what it means to age with a ... More


Supreme position in British physics: The National Physical Laboratory and Cambridge, 1937–9

Graeme K. Hunter

in Light is a Messenger: The Life and Science of William Lawrence Bragg

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198529217
eISBN:
9780191712937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198529217.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Bragg took up the position of Director of the National Physical Laboratory in November 1937, succeeding Joseph Petavel. He was not the NPL's first choice for the job; with his very limited experience ... More


Francis Channing Barlow’s Civil War

Joan Waugh

in Cold Harbor To the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9781469625331
eISBN:
9781469625355
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469625331.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

Joan Waugh’s essay examines the arc of General Francis Channing Barlow’s Civil War, from enlistment as a private in April 1861 through his promotion to major general in 1865. She argues that he can ... More


Quantum electrodynamics and Julian Schwinger’s path to fame

JAGDISH MEHRA and KIMBALL A. MILTON

in Climbing the Mountain: The Scientific Biography of Julian Schwinger

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198527459
eISBN:
9780191709593
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198527459.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

In the beginning of June 1947, the Shelter Island Conference was held in New York to discuss the fundamental problems of quantum mechanics, of which J. Robert Oppenheimer was the acknowledged leader. ... More


Conclusions

Christopher G. Timpson

in Quantum Information Theory and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199296460
eISBN:
9780191741791
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296460.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

The conclusions of the book are summarised. ‘Information is Physical’ is reflected on once more. The distinction between direct and indirect strategies for drawing implications from quantum ... More


Tropes and mental causation

Douglas Ehring

in Tropes: Properties, Objects, and Mental Causation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199608539
eISBN:
9780191729607
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199608539.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

In this chapter, it is argued that if properties are tropes, then we can help solve the two main problems of mental causation. The first problem of mental causation concerns the possibility of mental ... More


Keats’ Medical Milieu

Hrileena Ghosh

in John Keats' Medical Notebook: Text, Context, and Poems

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781789620610
eISBN:
9781789629798
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.3828/liverpool/9781789620610.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

This chapter offers an account of the London teaching hospitals to show that Keats had privileged access to intellectual capital. London was a hotbed of intellectual ferment, as embodied by ... More


The fourth age, frailty and transitions

Alisoun Milne

in Mental Health in Later Life: Taking a Life Course Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447305729
eISBN:
9781447311904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447305729.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Gerontology and Ageing

One of the implications of an ageing population is the growing number of people aged 85 years and over. This cohort is increasingly described as belonging to the fourth age: a life stage that ... More


‘A common language of the spirit’: cultural awakenings and national belongings

Mary Chamberlain

in Empire and Nation-Building in the Caribbean: Barbados, 1937-66

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
July 2012
ISBN:
9780719078767
eISBN:
9781781701997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719078767.003.0006
Subject:
History, Imperialism and Colonialism

This chapter focuses on the various cultural activities in colonial Barbados and the role played by them in forging a West Indian identity. Various societies such as Dan Blackett's Social Physical ... More


Periodical Physics in Britain: Institutional and Industrial Contexts, 1870–1900

Graeme Gooday

in Science Periodicals in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Constructing Scientific Communities

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226676517
eISBN:
9780226683461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226683461.003.0008
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

New periodicals and professional audiences for physics developed symbiotically with industrial developments of the 1870s and 1880s, notably electrical telecommunications and electrical light and ... More


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