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Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Dilemmas is the second volume of collected essays by the eminent moral philosopher Philippa Foot. It fills the gap between her 1978 collection Virtues and Vices and her acclaimed monograph ... More


The Somerville Senior Common Room

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows the rebellious patrician Philippa Foot, through her years as a tutorial fellow at Somerville, chronicling her philosophical apprenticeship to Anscombe, her work with Oxfam, her ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


“Time, Like the Sea . . . ”

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter follows Midgley, Anscombe, Murdoch, and Foot through their later years—after they had shaken contemporary orthodoxy in ethics—and reflects on their contributions. These women’s ideas ... More


The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Biology and Ethics

Philip Kitcher

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa ... More


Reason, Authority, and Friendship

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The first section of this chapter engages with Hart and Kelsen on the method of legal theory, in a close dialectic with Aristotle's method in his Politics, especially his identification of central ... More


Daughters of 1919

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces not only commonalities in the generational experience of Mary Midgley, Philippa Foot, Elizabeth Anscombe, and Iris Murdoch, but also differences in their educations, upbringings, ... More


The Virtues Benefit Their Possessor

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some familiar objections to the very idea that the virtues benefit their possessor can be quickly cleared away. When we consider the claim in the context of bringing up our own children or reflexion ... More


The Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value

Paul Grice

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses Grice's three Carus lectures on value and objectivity, relative and absolute value, and metaphysics and value. The lecture on value and objectivity investigates the conception ... More


Moral Rationalism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Defends the idea that moral facts constitute excellent reasons for action, regardless of one's antecedent commitments. Provides some presumptive support for this claim, and then proceeds to criticize ... More


Naturalism

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtues are those character traits that make a human being a good human being— those traits that human beings need to live well as human beings, to live a characteristically human life. Ethical ... More


Murdoch’s Diagnosis

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces Iris Murdoch’s philosophical development and the contributions she made to the school of thought shaped by herself, Anscombe, Midgley, and Foot, before she left academic ... More


The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This book tells two intertwined stories, centered on twentieth-century moral philosophers Elizabeth Anscombe, Mary Midgley, Philippa Foot, and Iris Murdoch. The first is the story of four friends who ... More


Moral dilemmas

Allyn Fives

in Evaluating Parental Power: An Exercise in Pluralist Political Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784994327
eISBN:
9781526128614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994327.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The argument of this chapter is that we can be faced with genuine, real moral dilemmas, that is, moral conflicts for which there is no general rule for their resolution and conflicts that leave us ... More


Facts and Values

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter introduces the first of the four main subjects of the book, Philippa Foot, as well as sketching the philosophical outlook against which all four would argue in later years. A young Foot, ... More


Species Concepts and Natural Goodness

Judith K. Crane and Ronald Sandler

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a pluralist understanding of species on which a normative species concept is viable and can support natural goodness evaluations. The central question here is thus: Since ... More


The Coming Philosophers

Benjamin J.B. Lipscomb

in The Women Are Up to Something: How Elizabeth Anscombe, Philippa Foot, Mary Midgley, and Iris Murdoch Revolutionized Ethics

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
October 2021
ISBN:
9780197541074
eISBN:
9780197541104
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541074.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter traces the early development of Oxford philosophy—and the book’s four subjects—from the middle of World War II through the late 1940s. During this period, Murdoch, Foot, and Midgley all ... More


The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter, written in 1973, offers a response to Judith Thomson's famous proto-feminist attempt to vindicate abortion by a thought-experiment which accepts the humanity of the unborn child. It ... More


Who Turned the Trolley?

F. M. Kamm

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lecture I begins with a brief history of changing views on what the Trolley Problem is and attempts to solve it. The lecture then critically examines Judith Thomson’s recent view that a moral ... More


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