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Moral Dilemmas: and Other Topics in Moral Philosophy

Philippa Foot

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199252848
eISBN:
9780191597411
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925284X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Moral Dilemmas is the second volume of collected essays by the eminent moral philosopher Philippa Foot. It fills the gap between her 1978 collection Virtues and Vices and her acclaimed monograph ... More


Recent Skepticism about Absolute Goodness

Richard Kraut

in Against Absolute Goodness

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199844463
eISBN:
9780199919550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199844463.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter focuses on how others have also arrived at a skeptical conclusion about absolute goodness, although the route by which this book comes to that conclusion is different from those that ... More


The Trolley Problem

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Part I considered how to determine whether there is a moral difference between killing and letting die per se, but in the two chapters of Part II, the consideration is when it is and when it is not ... More


Biology and Ethics

Philip Kitcher

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter outlines three programs that aim to use biological insights in support of philosophical positions in ethics: Aristotelian approaches found, for example, in Thomas Hurka and Philippa ... More


Reason, Authority, and Friendship

John Finnis

in Reason in Action: Collected Essays Volume I

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580057
eISBN:
9780191729379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580057.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

The first section of this chapter engages with Hart and Kelsen on the method of legal theory, in a close dialectic with Aristotle's method in his Politics, especially his identification of central ... More


The Virtues Benefit Their Possessor

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Some familiar objections to the very idea that the virtues benefit their possessor can be quickly cleared away. When we consider the claim in the context of bringing up our own children or reflexion ... More


Moral Rationalism

Russ Shafer-Landau

in Moral Realism: A Defence

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199259755
eISBN:
9780191601835
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259755.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Defends the idea that moral facts constitute excellent reasons for action, regardless of one's antecedent commitments. Provides some presumptive support for this claim, and then proceeds to criticize ... More


The Carus Lectures on the Conception of Value

Paul Grice

in The Conception of Value

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter discusses Grice's three Carus lectures on value and objectivity, relative and absolute value, and metaphysics and value. The lecture on value and objectivity investigates the conception ... More


Moral dilemmas

Allyn Fives

in Evaluating Parental Power: An Exercise in Pluralist Political Theory

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9781784994327
eISBN:
9781526128614
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781784994327.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The argument of this chapter is that we can be faced with genuine, real moral dilemmas, that is, moral conflicts for which there is no general rule for their resolution and conflicts that leave us ... More


Naturalism

Rosalind Hursthouse

in On Virtue Ethics

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247998
eISBN:
9780191597756
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247994.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Virtues are those character traits that make a human being a good human being— those traits that human beings need to live well as human beings, to live a characteristically human life. Ethical ... More


Species Concepts and Natural Goodness

Judith K. Crane and Ronald Sandler

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a pluralist understanding of species on which a normative species concept is viable and can support natural goodness evaluations. The central question here is thus: Since ... More


The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion

John Finnis

in Human Rights and Common Good: Collected Essays Volume III

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199580071
eISBN:
9780191729393
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580071.003.0019
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter, written in 1973, offers a response to Judith Thomson's famous proto-feminist attempt to vindicate abortion by a thought-experiment which accepts the humanity of the unborn child. It ... More


Moral Value

David Baggett and Jerry L. Walls

in God and Cosmos: Moral Truth and Human Meaning

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780199931194
eISBN:
9780190464165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199931194.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter’s focus is on the locus of human value most particularly. It examines several secular efforts to undergird convictions about intrinsic human value and moral standing, showing why, in ... More


Who Turned the Trolley?

F. M. Kamm

in The Trolley Problem Mysteries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190247157
eISBN:
9780190247188
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190247157.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Lecture I begins with a brief history of changing views on what the Trolley Problem is and attempts to solve it. The lecture then critically examines Judith Thomson’s recent view that a moral ... More


Rights and Harm

Kai Draper

in War and Individual Rights: The Foundations of Just War Theory

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780199388899
eISBN:
9780199388912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199388899.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Chapter 3 explores in detail the issue of when causing harm infringes upon rights. This requires an investigation of the “doctrine of doing and allowing,” for it is commonly thought that doing harm ... More


The Distinction between Doing and Allowing

Fiona Woollard

in Doing and Allowing Harm

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199683642
eISBN:
9780191792847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683642.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter begin the analysis of the distinction between doing and allowing. Drawing on the work of Philippa Foot, it suggests that an agent counts as doing harm if and only if some fact about the ... More


Thick Evaluation

Simon Kirchin

in Thick Evaluation

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198803430
eISBN:
9780191841613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803430.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Having dismissed two other anti-separationist strategies, this chapter presents the best way of attacking separationism and articulating nonseparationism. It is denied that thick concepts can be ... More


Psychopathy and Moral Rationality

Eric Matthews

in Being Amoral: Psychopathy and Moral Incapacity

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262027915
eISBN:
9780262320382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027915.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The chapter puts into doubt the close link that is often established between lack of empathy and psychopathic amorality. This critique is then developed into the claim that feeling alone cannot be ... More


Morality and Happiness

Steven M. Cahn and Christine Vitrano

in Happiness and Goodness: Philosophical Reflections on Living Well

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231172400
eISBN:
9780231539364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231172400.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter examines the connection between morality and happiness. Some philosophers, echoing Plato, have argued that those who are moral are happy, and those who are happy are moral. Among the ... More


Aristotle in the Ethic Wars

Sylvia Berryman

in Aristotle on the Sources of the Ethical Life

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198835004
eISBN:
9780191876561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835004.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Beginning from a short history of ethics offered in Korsgaard’s The Sources of Normativity, this chapter notes the practice—dating back to Anscombe’s ‘Modern Moral Philosophy’—of offering narratives ... More


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