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Fine Distinctions: Some Rejoinders to Quentin Skinner's Attacks on the Modern Doctrine of Negative Liberty

H. Matthew Kramer

in The Quality of Freedom

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199247561
eISBN:
9780191601927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247560.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Delineates the principal ideas that make up my theory of freedom as negative liberty. Raises a number of challenges to positive-liberty theories and to the civic-republican conception of freedom, ... More


Individual Freedom: Constraints

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In order to show that freedom is (at least theoretically) measurable, one must show that the different kinds of constraint on freedom (physical impossibility, threats, difficulty) can be aggregated ... More


Republicanism and Democracy1

John P. McCormick

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the notion of popular participation advocated by philosopher-statesmen of the past such as Marcus Tullius Cicero, Leonardo Bruni and Francesco Guicciardini, and its political ... More


Linguistic Naturalism

Joshua Gert

in Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality, and Reasons

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199657544
eISBN:
9780191742217
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657544.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter explains and defends the general method to be used throughout the book. It is inspired by the later Wittgenstein, and draws heavily on developments of the Wittgensteinian view offered by ... More


Causal Theories and Conceptual Analyses

Ralph Wedgwood

in The Nature of Normativity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199251315
eISBN:
9780191719127
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199251315.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter considers two other rival accounts of normative statements. First, it considers the account of ‘Cornell moral realism’ which is based on applying the causal theory of reference to ... More


The Tension between Law and Politics in the Modern Republican Tradition

Marco Geuna

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the modern republican tradition and how thinkers from Niccolò Machiavelli to the authors of The Federalist conceived of the relationship and inevitable tensions between law and ... More


Philip Pettit

Nathaniel Jason Goldberg

in Kantian Conceptual Geography

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780190215385
eISBN:
9780190215408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190215385.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Chapter Two focuses on Philip Pettit, who stands out among nearly all his analytic peers for range of research, including not merely epistemology, philosophy of language, and metaphysics, but also ... More


Freedom, Control and the State

Philipp Schink

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the neo-republican thesis of the compatibility (or even constitutive relation) between freedom and the state under conditions of ‘equally shared control’. It first considers the ... More


Republicanism and Global Justice: A Sketch1

Cécile Laborde

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter considers a republican account of global nondomination that does not necessarily tie the duties of distributive justice to the institutions of a single society. In particular, it ... More


Beyond the Orthodox Definition of Hope

Adrienne M. Martin

in How We Hope: A Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691151526
eISBN:
9781400848706
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691151526.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter presents a series of challenge cases for the orthodox definition of hope—cases that show this definition cannot distinguish strong hopes for highly unlikely outcomes from either weaker ... More


Rules, Reasons, and Norms

Philip Pettit

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199251872
eISBN:
9780191598227
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199251878.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

The essays selected here come in three packages. The first set of essays is concerned with the rule‐following, response‐dependent character of thought; the second, with the many factors to which ... More


A Kantian Republican Conception of Justice as Nondomination

Rainer Forst

in Republican Democracy: Liberty, Law and Politics

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748643066
eISBN:
9780748689255
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643066.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter explores the relationship between republican democracy and justice by comparing Philip Pettit's notion of neo-republicanism with that of Immanuel Kant. It begins by describing a ... More


Relational Equality, Non-Domination, and Vulnerability

Marie Garrau and Cécile Laborde

in Social Equality: On What It Means to be Equals

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199331109
eISBN:
9780190212865
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199331109.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter examines Philip Pettit’s republicanism of non-domination in the light of relational theories of equality. Republicanism seems to be a paradigmatic relational theory of equality. First, ... More


The Personality of Associations

Víctor M Muñiz-Fraticelli

in The Structure of Pluralism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199673889
eISBN:
9780191752148
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199673889.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law, Public International Law

The debate over real personality is about the right of an association to have its legal personality recognized as a matter of right, and to make that claim in its own capacity as a corporate body, ... More


Republican freedom, rights and the coalition problem

Keith Dowding

in Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107282
eISBN:
9781526120892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107282.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Republican freedom is freedom from domination, whereas negative freedom is freedom from interference. Proponents argue that republican freedom is superior, since it highlights that individuals can ... More


Group Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The freedom of a group of individuals is best understood as the sum of the degrees of freedom of its individual members. G. A. Cohen has opposed this view, arguing that a group (e.g. the proletariat) ... More


The Disavowal of Slave Agency

Neil Roberts

in Freedom as Marronage

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226127460
eISBN:
9780226201184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226201184.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter begins with an analysis of two republican notions of freedom, the first articulated by Hannah Arendt: freedom in the founding of non-sovereign human action; and the second developed by ... More


What Is Freedom?

Sharon R. Krause

in Freedom Beyond Sovereignty: Reconstructing Liberal Individualism

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780226234694
eISBN:
9780226234724
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226234724.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

If agency is the affirmation of one’s subjective existence through concrete action in the world, political freedom is the set of interpersonal conditions that make this affirming action possible. To ... More


Clarifications and Responses to Objections

William J. Talbott

in Human Rights and Human Well-Being

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195173482
eISBN:
9780199872176
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173482.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter responds to a variety of objections, including the following: that the account is not really consequentialist; that it gives too much priority to states as the guarantors of human ... More


Transnational Justice and Non-Domination: A Discourse-Theoretical Approach

Rainer Forst

in Normativity and Power: Analyzing Social Orders of Justification

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198798873
eISBN:
9780191839535
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798873.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter argues that we cannot make progress in thinking about justice beyond the state unless we develop a realistic and critical view of the many and complex relations of domination within, ... More


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