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Kitcher's Ideal Agents

Charles S. Chihara

in Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

Compares and contrasts Philip Kitcher's Ideal Agent account of mathematics with the constructibility view of this work. Raises a variety of doubts about the cogency of Kitcher's account and points ... More


Beyond Unification

Johannes Hafner and Paolo Mancosu

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The subject of mathematical explanation has received increasing attention in recent years. Philip Kitcher is a well-known defender of an account of (scientific as well as) mathematical explanation as ... More


Constructibility and Mathematical Existence

Charles S. Chihara

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239758
eISBN:
9780191597190
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239750.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A continuation of the study of mathematical existence begun in Ontology and the Vicious‐Circle Principle (published in 1973); in the present work, Quine's indispensability argument is rebutted by the ... More


Explanation and Causal Relevance

Carl F. Craver

in Explaining the Brain

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This chapter defends a causal-mechanical view of explanation in neuroscience by arguing against three other philosophical accounts of scientific explanation: Paul Churchland's representational ... More


The Web of Practices

José Ferreirós

in Mathematical Knowledge and the Interplay of Practices

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691167510
eISBN:
9781400874002
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691167510.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter is a general introduction to the current trend of studies of mathematical practice, with particular emphasis on historical and philosophical work. It offers a preliminary explanation of ... More


Introduction*

Mark Couch and Jessica Pfeifer

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Philip Kitcher has made significant contributions to a variety of fields, including general philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of biology, ethics, and religion. The ... More


Evolution and Christian Belief (2)

Alvin Plantinga

in Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812097
eISBN:
9780199928590
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812097.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter analyzes the claims of Daniel Dennett that current evolutionary theory is incompatible with Christian belief. It also briefly considers similar claims by Paul Draper and Philip Kitcher. ... More


Scientific Knowledge

Philip Kitcher

in The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130058
eISBN:
9780199833481
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130057.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

In “Scientific Knowledge,” Philip Kitcher challenges arguments that deny the truth of the theoretical claims of science, and he attempts to discover reasons for endorsing the truth of such claims. He ... More


Kitcher against the Platonists

Gideon Rosen

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Gideon Rosen discusses Kitcher’s recent critique of platonism and defense of formalism. Kitcher argues that any view that attributes a subject matter to mathematics, including platonism, has no good ... More


Kitcher’s Two Design Stances

Karen Neander

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Karen Neander criticizes Kitcher’s account of functions and responds to his criticisms of etiological notions. Neander argues that Kitcher’s account fails to make sense of the possibility of ... More


Kitcher on Science, Democracy, and Human Flourishing

Lorraine Daston

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Lorraine Daston focuses on Kitcher’s attempt to reconcile science and democracy, and specifically on his use of history in defending his views. Kitcher uses history to ground his claim that mutual ... More


: Kant and the Two Dogmas of Rationalism

Henry E. Allison

in Essays on Kant

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199647033
eISBN:
9780191741166
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199647033.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay was inspired by Philip Kitcher's suggestion that in the first Critique Kant came close to anticipating Quine's “Two Dogmas of Empiricism.” It claims instead that Kant can more accurately ... More


Where the Conflict Really Lies: Science, Religion, and Naturalism

Alvin Plantinga

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199812097
eISBN:
9780199928590
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199812097.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

This book is a long-awaited major statement by a pre-eminent analytic philosopher, on one of our biggest debates—the compatibility of science and religion. The last twenty years has seen a cottage ... More


Toward a Political Philosophy of Science

John Dupré

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

John Dupré argues that Kitcher’s goal of a well-ordered science is laudable, but he is skeptical that Kitcher’s proposed solutions to ill-ordered science are either workable or helpful. He questions ... More


Natural Kinds and Biological Realisms

Michael Devitt

in Carving Nature at Its Joints: Natural Kinds in Metaphysics and Science

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015936
eISBN:
9780262298780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015936.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses issues regarding realism, specifically the realism issues in biology. The discussion starts with an issue that arises from the debate between “species monists” who argue that ... More


The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Mark Couch and Jessica Pfeifer (eds)

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher includes eleven chapters on the work of Kitcher. The chapters are written by leading scholars in their field: Nancy Cartwright and Alexandre Marcellesi, Lorraine ... More


Function and Truth in Ethics

Michael Smith

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Michael Smith raises concerns about Kitcher’s account of ethical truth. He argues that there is a gap between the ethical rules we need to adopt in order for ethical practice to serve its function of ... More


A Priori Knowledge Revisited

Philip Kitcher

in New Essays on the A Priori

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241279
eISBN:
9780191597107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241279.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Philip Kitcher defends his rejection of the thesis that mathematical knowledge is possible if such knowledge is a priori against a number of objections. His main line of argument is to suggest a ... More


Unificationism, Explanatory Internalism, and Autonomy

James Woodward

in The Philosophy of Philip Kitcher

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780199381357
eISBN:
9780199381371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199381357.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Philosophy of Science

Jim Woodward focuses on Kitcher’s unificationist account of explanation and the relationship between unification and autonomy. He argues that Kitcher is right to focus on “internalist” relations and ... More


The Flight to Reference, or How Not to Make Progress in the Philosophy of Science

Michael A. Bishop and Stephen Stich

in Collected Papers, Volume 1: Mind and Language, 1972–2010

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199734108
eISBN:
9780190267513
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199734108.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

A strategy called “the flight to reference” is commonly used by contemporary philosophers to resolve issues in the philosophy of science. The strategy involves making philosophical issues turn on ... More


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