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Phanerozoic Oxygen

Donald Eugene Canfield

in Oxygen: A Four Billion Year History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691145020
eISBN:
9781400849888
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691145020.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter discusses the modeling of the history of atmospheric oxygen. The most recently deposited sediments will also be the most prone to weathering through processes like sea-level change or ... More


Tectonics and Geomorphology of Africa during the Phanerozoic

Timothy C. Partridge

in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520257214
eISBN:
9780520945425
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520257214.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The Cenozoic evolution of Africa cannot be comprehended satisfactorily without reference to the early history of the Gondwana supercontinent and the events that occurred during and following its ... More


Animals and oxygen

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter begins by addressing the possibility that the appearance of intelligent life was held back by a simple global environmental constraint: lack of oxygen in the atmosphere. Looking at the ... More


The grand recycling coalition

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0016
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter focuses on the new arrivals of the first part of the Phanerozoic, called the Paleozoic, which were the land plants. In greening the land surface they doubled the amount of free energy ... More


The Plants Establish a Beachhead

George R. McGhee

in When the Invasion of Land Failed: The Legacy of the Devonian Extinctions

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780231160575
eISBN:
9780231536363
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231160575.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter describes the changes that earliest plants had undergone in order to live on land. During the Phanerozoic Eon, the ozone shield of Earth had only been partially formed. Thus, for plants ... More


A New Biogeochemical Earth System Model for the Phanerozoic Eon

Noam M. Bergman, Timothy Lenton, and Andrew J. Watson

in Scientists Debate Gaia: The Next Century

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262194983
eISBN:
9780262283182
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262194983.003.0011
Subject:
Environmental Science, Climate

This chapter presents a new biogeochemical model of the Earth system that attempts to synthesize the different approaches of existing models. It combines the approach of Lenton and Watson’s ... More


The Consensus That Changed the Paleobiological World

Arnold I. Miller

in The Paleobiological Revolution: Essays on the Growth of Modern Paleontology

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226748610
eISBN:
9780226748597
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226748597.003.0019
Subject:
Biology, Paleontology: Biology

This chapter presents an historical analysis of the publication and reception of the famous “Consensus Paper Radical” in 1981, in which five competing interpretations of global marine diversity were ... More


Bonebeds through Time

Anna K. Behrensmeyer

in Bonebeds: Genesis, Analysis, and Paleobiological Significance

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226723709
eISBN:
9780226723730
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226723730.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Bonebeds have attracted great interest for centuries and remain a source of many important specimens that document the history of the vertebrates. Perhaps in part because of the sheer diversity of ... More


Zooming through scales by the billion

Shaun Lovejoy

in Weather, Macroweather, and the Climate: Our Random Yet Predictable Atmosphere

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780190864217
eISBN:
9780197559895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190864217.003.0005
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Meteorology and Climatology

“The climate is what you expect, the weather is what you get”: The climate is a kind of average weather. But is it really? Those of us who have thirty years or more of recall are likely aware of ... More


Introduction

David Beerling

in The Emerald Planet: How plants changed Earth's history

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780192806024
eISBN:
9780191916427
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780192806024.003.0008
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Environmental Geography

Charles Darwin (1809–82), the greatest naturalist of all, was fascinated by them, Richard Dawkins all but ignored them. The world, it seems, is divided about the charms of the plant kingdom. The ... More


Past Changes in Ocean Carbonate Chemistry

Richard E. Zeebe and Andy Ridgwell

in Ocean Acidification

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780199591091
eISBN:
9780191918001
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199591091.003.0007
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Oceanography and Hydrology

Over the period from 1750 to 2000, the oceans have absorbed about one-third of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted by humans. As the CO2 dissolves in seawater, the oceans become more acidic and ... More


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