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University—Industry Relations in Norway

Magnus Gulbrandsen and Lars Nerdrum

in Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy: The Norwegian Case

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199551552
eISBN:
9780191720819
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199551552.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, Innovation

This chapter analyses the relationship between universities and industry in Norway. Funding figures, publication and patent data, surveys, and interviews all indicate that there has been a slow and ... More


Introducing the history of epidemiology

Rodolfo Saracci

in Teaching Epidemiology: A guide for teachers in epidemiology, public health and clinical medicine

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239481
eISBN:
9780191716973
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239481.003.001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter provides a guide for the preparation of an 8 to 10 hour teaching module on the history of epidemiology within a Master's or PhD curriculum. The text can also be of help for preparing a ... More


Shadowing the Night People: A Methodological Postscript

Phil Hadfield

in Bar Wars: Contesting the Night in Contemporary British Cities

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199297856
eISBN:
9780191700866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297856.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This postscript provides a detailed account of the research design and methodology of the PhD project upon which the book is based. Issues addressed include those of the selection of research ... More


Social Work Programs: Research Capacity and Readiness for Change

Ruth G. McRoy, Jerry P. Flanzer, and Joan Levy Zlotnik

in Building Research Culture and Infrastructure

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195399646
eISBN:
9780199932757
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195399646.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Chapter three presents a “ readiness to change” framework that administrators, faculty, interested students and community partners may use to assess a department or school’s current research climate, ... More


Are Foreign STEM PhDs More Entrepreneurial?: Entrepreneurial Characteristics, Preferences, and Employment Outcomes of Native and Foreign Science and Engineering PhD Students

Michael Roach, Henry Sauermann, and John Skrentny

in The Roles of Immigrants and Foreign Students in US Science, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780226695624
eISBN:
9780226695761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226695761.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Research shows immigrants to the U.S. contribute to innovation and are more likely than natives to become startup founders. This may reflect labor market conditions and constraints related to visa ... More


The Overproduction of Truth: Passion, Competition, and Integrity in Modern Science

Gianfranco Pacchioni

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198799887
eISBN:
9780191864858
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799887.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The way science is done has changed radically in the last years. The personal reflections and experiences of a protagonist help us to understand the mechanisms of contemporary science. A system where ... More


American Studies: Interdisciplinarity over Half a Century

Jerry A. Jacobs

in In Defense of Disciplines: Interdisciplinarity and Specialization in the Research University

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780226069296
eISBN:
9780226069463
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226069463.003.0008
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

American studies was one of the first academic fields to embrace the principle of interdisciplinarity. Chapter 8 reviews the history of the field since the late 1940s, summarizes its main ... More


Are we too many?

Gianfranco Pacchioni

in The Overproduction of Truth: Passion, Competition, and Integrity in Modern Science

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198799887
eISBN:
9780191864858
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198799887.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

The chapter starts by making a comparison between a famous congress of the past, the Solvay Conference of 1927, which was attended by only 29 scientists, and the mega conferences of present day with ... More


Communication across a Career in Science

Alan Kelly

in How Scientists Communicate: Dispatches from the Frontiers of Knowledge

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
August 2020
ISBN:
9780190936600
eISBN:
9780197521038
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190936600.003.0010
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

The goals and needs of a researcher in terms of publication and communication change from their first efforts as a graduate student to future professional careers up to the level of distinguished ... More


Are Foreign Top PhD Students More Likely to Stay in the United States? Some Evidence from European Economists

Linda Van Bouwel and Reinhilde Veugelers

in The Mobility of Students and the Highly Skilled: Implications for Education Financing and Economic Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262028172
eISBN:
9780262326018
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028172.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter complements the previous one by analyzing the determinants of the mobility of high-skilled individuals. It examines based on a sample of European students who obtained a PhD in economics ... More


Institutions, Careers, and the Many Paths of U.S. History in Europe

Max Edling, Vincent Michelot, Jörg Nagler, Sandra Scanlon, and Irmina Wawrzyczek

in Historians across Borders: Writing American History in a Global Age

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780520279278
eISBN:
9780520958050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520279278.003.0003
Subject:
History, Historiography

This chapter focuses on institutions and academic structures. It explicates some of the varying shapes academic careers take in Europe—discussing the distinctive demands of PhD programs, the ... More


The Endless Frontier: Reaping What Bush Sowed?

Paula Stephan

in The Changing Frontier: Rethinking Science and Innovation Policy

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780226286723
eISBN:
9780226286860
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226286860.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines and documents how the Endless Frontier changed the research landscape at universities and how universities responded to the initiative. I show that the agencies it established ... More


Inside the Black Box Schools, Centers, Degrees, and Curricula

James W. Dean Jr. and Deborah Y. Clarke

in The Insider's Guide to Working with Universities: Practical Insights for Board Members, Businesspeople, Entrepreneurs, Philanthropists, Alumni, Parents, and Administrators

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653419
eISBN:
9781469653433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653419.003.0004
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

This chapter goes inside academic institutions and describes schools, centers, institutes, degree programs, and administrative units that comprise a university. We also discuss how curriculum is ... More


Who Are the Faculty?

James W. Dean Jr. and Deborah Y. Clarke

in The Insider's Guide to Working with Universities: Practical Insights for Board Members, Businesspeople, Entrepreneurs, Philanthropists, Alumni, Parents, and Administrators

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781469653419
eISBN:
9781469653433
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469653419.003.0006
Subject:
Education, Higher and Further Education

To many, the role of the faculty in academic institutions is unclear. It is important to understand how professors impact the reputational quality of a university. This chapter explores how faculty ... More


The Making of American Literature

Elizabeth Renker

in The Oxford History of the Novel in English: Volume 6: The American Novel 1879-1940

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780195385342
eISBN:
9780190252779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195385342.003.0034
Subject:
Literature, American, 19th Century Literature

This chapter traces the curricular history of American literature, with particular emphasis on its transformation from non-canonical to canonical within the school system. It begins by discussing the ... More


Recovering Meaning by Reforming Organizations and Institutions

Mats Alvesson, Yiannis Gabriel, and Roland Paulsen

in Return to Meaning: A Social Science with Something to Say

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198787099
eISBN:
9780191829161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198787099.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

This chapter addresses what universities, university departments, and professional institutions can do to support the recovery of meaning in social science research. It examines how the practices of ... More


Coding Strategies: Tales from the Front Line

Antony Bryant

in Grounded Theory and Grounded Theorizing: Pragmatism in Research Practice

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780199922604
eISBN:
9780190652548
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199922604.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Detailed accounts taken from recent PhD students’ work based on Kathy Charmaz’s advice in her “Code for coding.” The chapter introduces the issue of translating as a form of coding very different ... More


Milton Friedman as Teacher and Scholar

Robert E. Lucas

in Milton Friedman: Contributions to Economics and Public Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198704324
eISBN:
9780191773761
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198704324.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History, Macro- and Monetary Economics

This chapter contains personal memories of Milton Friedman’s teaching as part of the Chicago PhD program in the academic year 1960 and 1961, supplemented by textbook assignments and some of his ... More


Why Universities Produce Too Many PhDs

Jason Brennan and Phillip Magness

in Cracks in the Ivory Tower: The Moral Mess of Higher Education

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780190846282
eISBN:
9780190932824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190846282.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter considers the current glut of underemployed PhDs, especially in fields like English or modern languages. It asks: Why do so many programs continue to pump out new PhDs despite bad ... More


Epilogue: Doing Longitudinal Research

Christine Noe, Stefano Ponte, Dan Brockington, Anna Mdee, Cosmas Sokoni, Esbern Friis-Hansen, Verdiana Tilumanywa, Katherine A. Snyder, Emmanuel Sulle, Willie Östberg, Vesa-Matti Loiske, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder, Agnes Andersson Djurfeldt, and Torben Birch-Thomsen

in Prosperity in Rural Africa?: Insights into Wealth, Assets, and Poverty from Longitudinal Studies in Tanzania

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780198865872
eISBN:
9780191898174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198865872.003.0018
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Constructing longitudinal research has, for all the authors, entailed long, and sometimes difficult, sometimes funny, always moving, personal stories. This chapter explains how the studies were ... More


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